Jaguar © David Tomlinson Jaguar Scientific name Panthera onca The Jaguar is found in Central and South America. In these countries: Mexico down through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Click here to find out which countries the Jaguar can be found in Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina. What habitat do they live in? © John Burton/ WLT 1 Jaguars can live in rainforest and woodland. Click to find out Rainforest in Argentina © Alberto Yanosky 2 Jaguars can live in dry grassland, forest and desert. Dry forest in Paraguay © WLT 3 Jaguars can live in swamp areas and flooded grassland. Pantanal (wetland) in Paraguay Why are they threatened? Jaguars sometimes hunt cattle and so are often shot by farmers and ranchers. Jaguar in captivity © Kelly Jacobs/WLT Because of habitat destruction, many Jaguar populations have become separated from each other Why does habitat destruction threaten the Jaguar? andClick theyhere cannot move about over a large area, or mix to find out with other Jaguars, and this makes them vulnerable (an easy target for human hunters). How do they communicate? A Jaguar makes scratch marks on trees to let other Jaguars know they are around. © Silvia Centron Click to see a Jaguar footprint next to a penknife in Paraguay Click to see Jaguar scratches on a tree in Paraguay Jaguar footprints are sometimes found in the mud in the wild. © Rebecca Absalom/WLT Although it can roar, the Jaguar is more likely to be heard or coughing. Whenthis they What grunting sort of noises do you think bigare cat makes? threatened Click to find outJaguars will snarl or growl, but during the mating season they will mew. What do they eat? Jaguars are carnivores and will eat almost anything they can catch. Click to see Click to see Capybara Click to see Altogether Jaguars may eat up to 85 different types of animal. Sloths Click to see Caiman (an alligator-like reptile) Click to see Deer Click to see They will also eat tapir, birds, monkeys, fish, turtles, and domestic cattle. Images © Chris Knowles, Alan Martin, Kelly Jacobs/WLT Peccaries (a pig-like animal) Armadillos How long do they live? In captivity one female reached 32 years old (but wild Jaguars may live less than half this age). Jaguar caught in a camera trap in the forest in Mexico © Roberto Pedraza How big are they? From nose to tail they can be more than 2 metres Look at the picture above, how long –from nose to taillong, paw togrow? shoulder theytocan be 70 cm do you and think from a Jaguar can Click here find out tall. What do they look like? Jaguar in captivity © Kelly Jacobs/WLT Jaguars have a patterned coat that can be a tawnygolden colour or black. They have spots inside the black circles (which are called rosettes) on their fur. Jaguars have shorter legs than many other big cats and a muscular build. Click to learn about black Jaguars Black Jaguars are sometimes called panthers (black leopards are also called panthers), but they are still the same species, just a different colour. Tell me about their babies: Adult Jaguars are solitary animals, males and females only come together to mate. A female Jaguar will raise 2 cubs, and they will stay with her for 2 years. Can you see the Jaguar resting in the rainforest in Belize? © Sarah Nash Click here for arrow Interesting facts: Jaguars do not chase their prey like many other big cats, but hide and jump out at it. The name Jaguar comes from the native American word ‘yaguar’ which means ‘animal that kills with one bound’. Jaguars have large heads and big teeth. They have a very strong bite – they can crack open tortoise and turtle shells. Jaguars are good swimmers, and they often live close to water. A story from the wild: Jaguar are very shy and good at hiding also they are mostly active at night, and so are not seen during the day very much. © Roberto Pedraza This is Roberto. He is attaching a camera trap to a So how do we take pictures of Jaguar? tree in Mexico. When the Click here to find out camera senses movement, it will take a picture. © Roberto Pedraza This is a picture of Roberto and his Click here to see the first picture this camera trap took work friends that the camera took as they walked away. A story from the wild: Several days later Roberto came back to see if any photos had been taken while he was away. Roberto noticed that his dog, Camila, was very quiet, instead of running around the forest she walked very close to him. © Roberto Pedraza This is a large male Jaguar. Camila could probably Jaguar in the forest and Click here to see what Robertosmell foundthe when he checked the this made her scared. camera trap Roberto is really happy that a male Jaguar is living in this area of protected forest. Click here to learn why taking pictures of Jaguar is so important The habitat of Jaguars in Central and South America is shrinking all the time, and Jaguars are still hunted by people in some places. So knowing where they live in order to protect their habitat is really important. © Silvia Centron If you choose the Jaguar as your fundraising focus, your donation will go towards World Land Trust projects for the conservation of wildlife habitat in the Atlantic rainforest in Argentina.