Indian Elephant © Kirsty Burgess/WLT Indian Elephants Their scientific name is Elephas maximus. The Indian Elephant, an Asian Elephant, is found in India. Asian Elephants are also found in Thailand, Mynamar, Sri Lanka, and Malaysia. What habitat do they live in? Indian Elephants are one of the largest land mammals alive today and they need a lot of food and habitat to move about in. © Images copyright WLT Indian Elephants can live in a range of habitats. From tropical forests to grassland and scrubland. Why are they threatened? The major threats to the Indian Elephant are; habitat loss, conflict with people, and hunting by people. Click to see a picture of crops where there used to be forest. People cut down the forest, where Indian Elephants live, to grow crops. Humans and Elephants can come into conflict when the people try to defend their crops (for example rice and bananas) against the hungry Elephants. © Images copyright WLT Click to see a picture of Elephant footprints through a field of crops. How do they communicate? Indian Elephants use loud trumpets when they are excited or afraid. They also use chirps, roars and rumbles to communicate. Click here to find out how else they communicate They use body language such as flapping their ears or raising their tail. © Emily Brickell Family Life © Emily Brickell Indian Elephants live in family groups of 6 or more. Click to learn about elephant family will groups Sometimes several family groups travel together. A family group is made up of a mother and youngsters. The old males travel alone. What do they eat? Indian Elephants are herbivores. Indian Elephants eat all parts of a tree; twigs, bark, roots, leaves and fruit, they also eat grasses and shrubs. Click to learn about the wild food of Indian Elephants. Here Indian Elephants have fed on banana plants Click to see picture © Images copyright WLT Unfortunately Indian Elephants will also eat crops planted by people. How long do they live? © Gareth West The How Indian can 60Elephant or 70 years longElephant do you think anlive Indian lives?– making find out living land mammal. themClick thetooldest How big do they grow? © WLT How big dotall youand think6anmeters Indian Elephant 3 meters long. grows? Click to find out What do they look like? © Gareth West and Stacey Manley Indian Elephants have thick, wrinkly, grey skin, and big ears. Their long trunks (noses) are used to breathe, touch and pick things up, and to suck up water to drink. A female Indian Elephant will give birth to one calf every 4 years, after a long pregnancy. All the female elephants in the group will help take care of the babies. © Gareth West and Stacey Manley Tell me about their babies: How long do you think baby elephants will feed on milk? Click for answer For up to 2 years. © Gareth West and Stacey Manley Interesting facts: The pregnancy of an Indian Elephant is 22 months, the longest pregnancy of any mammal. Indian Elephants have been used by people to clear logs in the forest, carry heavy objects, and entertain tourists for many years. Indian Elephants are good swimmers and use their trunks as snorkels in deep water. A story from the wild: Indian Elephants travel along the same routes as they search for food and water, as their parents and grandparents did before them. Because there are so many people living in India, roads and villages are sometimes built along these ancient routes. © Marie Chambers Click to see an Indian Elephant crossing a road in front of a van. Because Indian Elephants are such big animals they can frighten people if they cross roads in front of them, or if they walk through villages. Click again to see another reason Indian Elephants can scare people. A house damaged by hungry Indian Elephants © WTI Indian and damage crops. IndianElephants Elephantswill areeat curious, and Click see. theyto can damage houses and knock down walls as they search for food. The World Land Trust works with the Wildlife Trust of India to protect the ancient routes that Indian Elephants use. They do this by inviting villagers who live along ancient How do they do routes, this? Click to find to outareas that are not used Indian Elephant to move by Indian Elephants. New houses are built for the villagers who want to move, and they formally hand over the village land for the protection of Indian Elephants. This is a new house that has been built for a family that moved away from land used by Indian Elephants. Click again to see the family who have moved there. © WTI © Marie Chambers A story from the wild: © Emily Brickell If you choose the Indian Elephant as your fundraising focus, your donation will go towards World Land Trust projects for the conservation of wildlife habitat in India.