Presentation Johan vd Bosch

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When nature meets economy…
Johan Van Den Bosch
Hoge Kempen National Park
ALMERE, 4th of November 2014
© Erwin Christis
© Erwin Christis
© François Van Bauwel
DECISION-MAKER
€
Partly a language problem
ENVIRONMENTALIST
DECISION-MAKER
€
ENVIRONMENTALIST
Ecosystems
Human
wellbeing
Ecosystems
Ecosystem
goods and
services
Human
wellbeing
Ecosystem
Goods &
Services
Ecosystem
goods and
services
Productiediensten
Regulerend diensten
Culturele diensten
Ondersteunende diensten
Ecosystem
Goods &
Services
Ecosystem
goods and
services
Productiediensten
Ecosystem
Goods &
Services
Ecosystem
goods and
services
Productiediensten
Regulerend diensten
Ecosystem
Goods &
Services
Ecosystem
goods and
services
Productiediensten
Regulerend diensten
Culturele diensten
Ecosystem
Goods &
Services
Ecosystem
goods and
services
Productiediensten
Regulerend diensten
Culturele diensten
Ondersteunende diensten
Methods to monetize
Non use value.
Use value
Direct
Indirect
Legacy
Option value
Food / Wood / Biomass
Recreation
Water purification
CO2 capture
Particle matter capture
Market prices
Revealed preferences
(hedonistic price method;
travel cost method)
Expressed preferences
(contingent valuation.)
Replacement cost
Avoided costs
‘External’ costs
Contingent valuation
Methods to monetize
Non use value.
Use value
Direct
Indirect
Legacy
Option value
Food / Wood / Biomass
Recreation
Water purification
CO2 capture
Particle matter capture
Market prices
Revealed preferences
(hedonistic price method;
travel cost method)
Expressed preferences
(contingent valuation.)
Replacement cost
Avoided costs
‘External’ costs
Contingent valuation
Example Direct Use-Value:
Impact Recreation & Tourism Hoge Kempen NP
Omzet in 2013:
24.5 Miljoen Euro
Methods to monetize
Non use value.
Use value
Direct
Indirect
Legacy
Option value
Food / Wood / Biomass
Recreation
Water purification
CO2 capture
Particle matter capture
Market prices
Revealed preferences
(hedonistic price method;
travel cost method)
Expressed preferences
(contingent valuation.)
Replacement cost
Avoided costs
‘External’ costs
Contingent valuation
Example Indirect Use-Value:
Avoided Costs waterpurification
Water treatment costs: lower with higher % afforestation
Euro / 1.000 m³
35
30
€ 17
25
€ 27
20
15
10
5
0
0
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
% Forest
Source: own calculated actualization for the year 2010 based on : Ernst C., Protecting the source,
Land Conservation and the Future of America’s Drinking Water, 2004
Methods to monetize
Non use value.
Use value
Direct
Indirect
Legacy
Option value
Food / Wood / Biomass
Recreation
Water purification
CO2 capture
Particle matter capture
Market prices
Revealed preferences
(hedonistic price method;
travel cost method)
Expressed preferences
(contingent valuation.)
Replacement cost
Avoided costs
‘External’ costs
Contingent valuation
Example Non-use Value:
Willingness-to-pay & Biodiversity
Based on the contingent
valuation method
Bron: B-M. Lopez, 2007, The non economic motives behind the willingness to pay for
biodiversity conservation, Biological Conservation.
Turnover related to nature HK:
€ 191,000,000
Jobs related to to nature HK
5,100
Added Value houses nature HK:
€ 65,672,000
1. Edelherten
Extra annual turnover:
Extra jobs:
€ 7.8 million
160 jobs
2. UNESCO world heritage
Extra annual turnover:
Extra jobs:
€ 15.5 milion
321 jobs
3 Discussion Points:
Lucebert
Benjamin Franklin
Margeret Thatcher
Margeret Thatcher
COSTS
BENEFITS
“I want my money back “
Margeret Thatcher
“Willingness to pay”
for biodiversity and habitat services
Topic
WTP /
person/year
( €, 2006)
Countries
Protection endangered species
121
UK, N, D
Landscape
58
UK, NL, A, S
Marshes
35
UK, A
Preservation biodiversity
29
UK, N, D
Watercourses
27
UK, N
Forests
19
UK, NL, S, N
9
UK, H
National parks & natural reserves
Nijkamp a.o., 2008, Economic evaluation of biodiversity: a comparative study
Benjamin Franklin
Three values of an ecosystem
Economic value: welfare for people
through use and non-use
Total value
€
€
Financial value:
Income for people
Score
Intrinsic value:
well-being for plant & animal
Source: www.fsd/naturevaluation.nl
“I believe that the great part of miseries
of mankind are brought upon them by
false estimates they have made of the
value of things.”
Benjamin Franklin, 1706-1790
Lucebert
DECISION-MAKER
€
Partly a language problem
ENVIRONMENTALIST
DECISION-MAKER
€
ENVIRONMENTALIST
DECISION-MAKER
€
ENVIRONMENTALIST
“Alles van waarde is weerloos”
(Everything of value is defensless)
Lucebert, 1974
Contact:
[email protected]
Johan Van Den Bosch
Hoge Kempen National Park
Thank you !
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