Triangular Trade and the Middle Passage - mrk

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Triangular Trade
and the
Middle Passage
1
CHEAP MANUFACTURED
GOODS
Trinkets – pots, pans
beads, shells, cloth
SLAVES WERE USED
ON PLANTATIONS,
GROWING SUGAR,
TOBACCO, COTTON.
U.S.A.
TRIBAL CHIEFS EXCHANGE SLAVES ,
OR SLAVES ARE CAPTURED
Mexico
Caribbean
Islands
SLAVE TRADERS THEN
SOLD THE SLAVES TO
PLANTATION OWNERS
*Create a definition for
Triangular trade
Brazil
THE ‘MIDDLE PASSAGE’ –
THE JOURNEY ACROSS THE
ATLANTIC..
2
Middle Passage – passage across the Atlantic Ocean from West Africa to
the Americas that was the route of the African American slave trade.
3
Where were the majority of enslaved Africans taken?
A Typical Slave Ship,
at port in London’s
East India docks –
getting ready for the
next slave run.
A typical cargo
included:
IRON BARS
4
COWRIE SHELLS
Number of people enslaved
30
million taken
from their homes
•10 million die during
capture phase
•10 million die
during middle
passage
•10 million survive to
make it over the ocean
5
This model [right] and the charts
were used by slave reformers at the
end of the 18th century, to show how
a Liverpool slave ship of 320 tons
could carry 400 slaves. On one
voyage the ship carried 609 slaves.
6
• Africans were crowded and chained cruelly aboard slave
ships.
7
8
Discussion questions:
1. How was each continents’ population affected?
2. How would a population shift/change affect each continent’s
culture?
3. Was the trade beneficial or detrimental to each continent?
Africa
Americas Europe
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