Amendments to ISPM No. 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms

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Country Consultation 2006
DRAFT ISPM:
Amendments to ISPM No. 5
Glossary of phytosanitary terms
Steward:John Hedley
1
Outline of presentation
Definitions for the following terms are included
in these amendments:
-
phytosanitary security
integrity (of a consignment)
buffer zone
compliance procedure (for a consignment)
biological control
reference specimen(s) (of a biological control agent)
2
Introduction
Brief background information is provided with
each of the proposals.
This includes information on:
- why the definition is being considered and
- significant points relevant to the definitions
where appropriate
3
New Terms and Definitions (1)
Proposed definitions
phytosanitary security – Maintenance of the integrity
of a consignment, without loss or substitution, and
prevention of its infestation, by the appropriate
phytosanitary measures
integrity (of a consignment) – Composition of a
consignment as described by its Phytosanitary
Certificate or other document
4
New Terms and Definitions (2)
It is proposed that integrity would cover the
physical state of the consignment as declared
on the PC, and security , as in the sense of
Article IV 2. (g) of the IPPC, would cover
composition, substitution and reinfestation ie
both the maintenance of integrity and the
prevention of reinfestation.
5
New Terms and Definitions (3)
The IPPC reads – Article IV 2. (g)
2. The responsibilities of an official national plant
protection organization shall include the following:
(g) to ensure through appropriate procedures that the
phytosanitary security of consignments after
certification regarding composition, substitution and
reinfestation is maintained prior to export;
6
Revised terms and definitions (1)
Proposed definition:
buffer zone – An area surrounding or adjacent to an
area officially delimited for phytosanitary purposes,
subjected to control measures to minimize the risk
of spread of a target pest in or out of the delimited
area
•
This definition removes the list of types of areas which could
use a buffer zone in the earlier definition and provides a
generic wording “area officially delimited for phytosanitary
purposes.” and refers to “control measures” so the term can be
used for a pest which is not a regulated pest in that country.
7
Revised terms and definitions (2)
Proposed definition:
Compliance procedure (for a
consignment) – Official procedure used to
verify that a consignment complies with
phytosanitary import requirements
Compliance procedures (for a consignment) would
check compliance with import requirements, for
which a phytosanitary certificate was issued.
8
Review of definitions (1)
The definitions of ISPM No.3 (2005) were reviewed by
the Glossary Working Group, following comments at
ICPM-7, and it was proposed that the existing
definitions for the following terms remain unchanged:
beneficial organism
biological control agent
host range, natural enemy
sterile insect technique
organism
9
Review of definitions (2)
Minor amendments were proposed for two definitions:
biological control – Pest control strategy making use
of living natural enemies, antagonists, competitors,
sterile insects or other biological control agents
- sterile insect has been added
reference specimen(s) (of a biological control
agent) – Individual specimen(s) from a specific
population conserved in a reference culture collection
and, where possible, in publicly available collection(s)
- (of a biological control agent) has been added
10
10
Additional note
The Standards Committee reviewed two further
definitions prepared by the Glossary Working Group
for the terms:
- prevalence (of a pest) and
- tolerance (for a pest).
The Standards Committee asked for these definitions to
be re-examined. It is hoped that revised definitions
will be available next year.
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