Innovation - Podlaskie.eu

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EU innovation policy:
current issues and next steps –
essentials for regional policy makers
Tomasz JERZYNIAK
European Commission
DG Enterprise and Industry
Policy Development for Industrial Innovation
Email: [email protected]
Main issues
1.Innovation: where is Europe? Where is my
country? Where is my region?
2.Strategic position of EU innovation policy;
3.Evidence-based innovation policy: monitoring,
benchmarking, analysing;
4.EU Innovation policy: Current issues and next
steps
Performance lead/gap to EU27
Innovation: where is Europe?
60
US
Japan
40
20
0
-20
-40
C hina
Russia
India
-60
-80
-4.0%
-2.0%
0.0%
2.0%
Brazil
4.0%
6.0%
Average annual growth rate of
performance lead/gap
8.0%
Innovation: where is my country?
Innovation Union Scoreboard 2010
0.800
0.700
0.600
0.500
0.400
0.300
0.200
0.100
0.000
LV BG LT RO SK PL HU MT GR ES CZ IT PT EE SI CY EU FR LU IE NL AT BE UK DE FI DK SE
M ODEST INNOVATORS
M ODERATE INNOVATORS
INNOVATION FOLLOWERS
INNOVATION LEADERS
Innovation: where is my region?
Regional Innovation Scoreboard, 2009
EU innovation policy in Europe 2020
Smart Growth
Sustainable
Growth
Inclusive
Growth fostering a
more efficient, greener and
more competitive economy
high-employment economy
delivering social and
territorial cohesion
Innovation
« Innovation Union »
Climate, energy and
mobility
« Resource efficient
Europe »
Employment and skills
« An agenda for new
skills and jobs »
Education
« Youth on the move »
Competitiveness
« An industrial policy
for the globalisation
era »
Fighting poverty
« European platform
against poverty »
developing an economy
based on knowledge and
innovation
Digital society
« A digital agenda for
Europe »
Key messages of Innovation Union
Altogether 34 commitments
• Strengthening the knowledge base: ERA: mobility,
infrastructures, skills, EU funding instruments
• Getting good ideas to market: financial instruments, VC, state
aid, patent, standards, procurement, design, creativity, open
access, model grant agreements and IP marketplace
• Maximising social and regional benefits: “smart specialisation”,
social innovation pilot
• Pooling efforts for breakthroughs: European Innovation
Partnerships
• Collaborating internationally: attract international talent,
research infrastructure
• Accelerate national reforms & track progress: self-assessment,
3% target + Innovation indicator (fast-growing innovative firms)
Policy based on evidence:
monitoring, benchmarking, analysing.
• Innovation Union Scoreboard
• Regional Innovation Scoreboard
• Regional Innovation Monitor
• GRIPS (Global Review of Innovation
Policy Studies)
• Innovation Policy Trendchart
Innovation Union Scoreboard &
Regional Innovation Scoreboard
Regional Innovation Monitor
GRIPS: Global Review of Innovation Policy Studies
Supply- vs. demand side policy
Demand-side measures
- regulation
- procurement
- standardisation
- Fiscal measures for
buyers
- Clusters
Supply-side measures
Public procurement of innovation
• Public procurement in Europe: around
18% of EU GDP, i.e. € 2,000 billion;
• Using public procurement for
innovation: new challenge for national,
regional and local authorities;
• EU: new framework conditions
Lead Market Initiatives in 6 sectors
Lead Market Areas
Standardisation
Labelling
Certification
Legislation
Public
Procurement
Complementary
Actions
e-Health
eHealth action plan
Sustainable
construction
Sust. Construction action plan
Protective
textiles
Protective Text. action plan
Bio-based
products
Bio-based products action plan
Recycling
Recycling action plan
Renewable
energies
Renewable Energies action plan
New networks
Final evaluation of the Lead Market Initiative
• LMI's novel architecture was an innovation in itself.
• Choice of instruments (public procurement, standards,
regulation and 'complementary actions') was right and gave EUadded value.
• Action plans have mostly delivered. Impact found in 4 out of 6
sectors.
• LMI did not have a dedicated budget, but achieved with limited
funds (total of € 153 m from FP7 and CIP in 4 years).
• Great involvement of industry and other stakeholders
particularly in 3 sectors (bio-based products, eHealth and
protective textiles).
4 key lessons learnt in the Lead Market
Initiative:
1) Building bridges takes time
2) In practice, few tools for demand-side policy exist
3) Greatest impact may be medium-long term
4) Obtaining good visibility is essential for success
Next steps in demand-side policies (not
mutually exclusive):
• Continue LMI approach:
 In innovation, industry (sector) and other policies
 Linking regional and national demand-side policies
• Connect demand-side and supply-side tools:
 Innovation Partnerships: aging, raw materials, agriculture, water
 Set up looser cooperation/ alignment forms (JTI+, LMI+ ?)
 Prioritise ‘societal goals’ or specify challenges (what level of granularity?)
• Further develop our demand-side toolkit in Innovation Union and
Horizon2020:
 New forms of supporting public procurement of innovations
 Broaden to private demand: procurement, supply-chains, end-users
• Worry: Demand-side policies do not cost much, but need good
human resources
Public sector innovation
• Mix of innovation actors: private vs. public
• Innovative public sector
• European Public Sector Innovation
Scoreboard
Horizon 2020:
€ 80 billion for research and innovation
Europe 2020 priorities
European Research Area
International cooperation
Shared objectives and principles
Tackling Societal Challenges
 Health, demographic change and wellbeing
 Food security and the bio-based economy
 Secure, clean and efficient energy
 Smart, green and integrated transport
 Supply of raw materials
 Resource efficiency and climate action
 Inclusive, innovative and secure societies
EIT and JRC will contribute to addressing these
challenges




Simplified access
Creating Industrial Leadership and
Competitive Frameworks
 Leadership in enabling and industrial
technologies
 Access to risk finance
 Innovation in SMEs
Excellence in the Science Base
Frontier research (ERC)
Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)
Skills and career development (Marie Curie)
Research infrastructures
Common rules, toolkit of funding schemes
Coherent with other EU and MS
actions
European Design Innovation Initiative
The goal of the initiative is to:
• raise the awareness of design as a driver of
innovation in Europe
• enhance its role as a key discipline to bring ideas
to market transforming them into user-friendly
and appealing products, processes or services by
enterprises and public services in the EU.
Social Innovation
• Social innovation produces innovations that
meet a social need by
 Workplace innovation: empowering people
 Connect social economy, social entrepreneurs,
business, charities, public sector, finance
Multiannual Financial Framework
COMPARISON MFF 2007-13/2014-20
Billion € in 2011 prices
Difference (in %)
2007-2013
2014-2020
1. Smart and Inclusive Growth
445.5
490.9
10.2%
Of which Cohesion Policy
354.8
336.0
-5.3%
Of which infrastructure (Connecting Europe Facility)
12.9
40.0
209.7%
Of which Competitiveness (CSF research & innovation;
Education; Galileo etc)
77.8
114.9
47.7%
2. Sustainable Growth: natural resources
421.1
382.9
-9.1%
Of which Market related expenditure and direct payments
322.0
281.8
-12.5%
12.4
18.5
49.9%
of which Freedom, Security and Justice
7.6
11.6
53.0%
of Citizenship
4.8
6.9
44.9%
4. Global Europe
56.8
70.0
23.2%
5. Administration (including pensions and European
schools)
56.9
62.6
10.1%
Of which administrative expenditure of EU institutions
48.4
50.5
4.2%
993.6
1 025.0
3.2%
1.12%
1.05%
3. Security and Citizenship
6. Compensations
Total commitment appropriations
In % of EU-27 GNI
0.9
Thank you very much for your attention!
Tomasz JERZYNIAK
DG Enterprise and Industry
Policy Development for Industrial Innovation
Email: [email protected]
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