Narrative is kind of text that’s used
to entertain and amuse the
readers. It is a fiction text.
Kinds :
1. Folktales
2. Fable
3. Fairytales
4. Legend
5. Myth
(steps) :
a. Orientation
b. Complication
c. Climax
d. Resolution
e. Reorientation
Language Features:
-The use of action
-The use of adverbs,
adjective, and noun
-The use of past
-The use of reported
-The use of passive
Definition of Narrative Text
Narrative text is a text which contains about story (fiction/non
fiction/tales/folktales/fables/myths/epic) and its plot consists of climax of
the story (complication) then followed by the resolution.
A narrative text is a text amuse, entertain and deal with actual or vicarious
experience in different ways. Narrative deal with problematic events which lead
to a crisis or turning point of some kind, which in turn finds a resolution.
The narrative text short story is telling of a story or an account of a sequence
of events. One of the four traditional forms of composition (along with
description, exposition, and persuasion). Narration differs from exposition,
which can also relate a sequence of events, in that narration need not be factual
and may be written from the perspective of a character in the text.
Generic Structure:
1. The generic sctucture of a narrative text:
1. Orientation: Sets the scene and introduces the participants.
2. Complication: A crisis arises
3. Resolution: The crisis is resolved, for the better or for worse.
4. Re-orientation: Optinal
5. Evaluation: A stepping back to evaluate the plight
Terkadang juga susunannya (generic structure): Orientation, Complication,
Evaluation, Resolution dan Reorientation. Untuk “Evaluation” dan “Reorientation”
merupakan optional; bisa ada bisa tidak. Evaluation berisi penilaian/evaluasi
terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik. Sedangkan Reorientation berisi penyimpulan
isi akhir cerita.
2. Grammatical features menggunakan tenses “past”
3. Sering menggunakan kata penghubung waktu (temporal conjunction),
misalnya: once upon a time, one day, long time ago, …
Flower On The Cliff Edge
Amelia’s house was a quiet place. It was a hilly village. The garden of her house was
very beautiful. Flowers with various colors grew there. Amelia grew some roses.
She’s a nature lover.
One day Amelia closed her book. She felt tired after studying hard. She stood by
the window. She could see the mountain from there. It was a beautiful bluish green.
“How beautiful. How wonderful it would be if I could reach the top of that mountain
without climbing.”
“If you want to fly up there, follow me, “said a soft voices. Amelia was surprised.
“Who are you? Why did you come in without permission?”
“My name’s Yuli. My home is a bit far from here. I want to be your friend, Amelia,”
said the girl.
“You know my name,” said Amelia.
“I often hear your mother calling you,” Yuli answered. She reached out her hand to
Amelia. Amelia shock Yuli’s hand.
“Why is your hand so could? Are you ill?”Asked Amelia, worried.
“I haven’t been to school for few days,” said Yuli.
“If you were sick, why aren’t you in bed now?” asked Amelia.
“The fresh air will make me better, Amelia,” said Yuli. Yuli pulled Amelia’s hand. She
wanted Amelia to follow her.
“Oh, no. I cannot go now. I must do my homework.”
“Okay. How about tomorrow?” asked Yuli.
“Yes, you are welcome to come back tomorrow. My mom will make some delicious
cakes for me. You must taste some Yuli.” Said Amelia.
“Thanks Amelia. You are so kind.” Yuli waved to Amelia and then she was gone.
Amelia’s mother was puzzled to see her daughter talking alone.
“Who were you talking to Amelia?” her mother asked her.
“Oh, I was talking to Yuli, my new friend,” answered Amelia.
“But I didn’t see anybody,” said Amelia’s puzzled mother.
“This wasn’t my fantasy, mom. Yuli is my real friend. Her house is a bit far from
She’ll come again tomorrow. I had promised to give her the cake you make,” told
“You are a little bit strangle,” thought Amelia’s mother, shaking her head again.
The next day, the sun shone brightly. It was just seven in the morning when Amelia
looked outside the window and saw Yuli behind the fence.
“Oh, you are here. But why do you look sad?” asked Amelia. Yuli didn’t speak. There
were tears in her eyes, falling down her cheeks …
1) Where did the story take place?
a) In a quiet place
b) In a hilly village
c) In a garden
d) In a house
2) What did Amelia want to do someday?
a) To play with her new friend
b) To reach the top of the mountain
c) To fly up the top of the mountain
d) To introduce her friend to her mother
3) “My mom will make some delicious cakes …” The underlined word has the same
meaning as …
a) bad smell
b) bitter taste
c) pleasant flavor
d) unpleasant smell
4) What is the purpose of the text above?
a) To tell us how to write a story
b) To describe the place in the story
c) To inform what happened in the past
d) To entertain the readers
5) How many characters are there in the story above?
a) one
b) two
c) Three
d) four
Three Sheiks and Queen of Arabia
Maura, who liked to be thought of as the most beautiful and powerful queen of
Arabia, had many suitors. One by one she discarded them, until her list was reduced
to just three sheiks, all equally young and handsome, rich and strong. It was very
hard to decide who would be the best of them.
One evening, Maura disguised herself and went to the camp of the three sheiks, as
they were about to have dinner, and asked them for something to eat.
The first gave her some leftover food; the second gave her some unappetizing
camel's tail; the third sheik, who was called Hakim, offered her some of the most
tender and tasty meat. After dinner, the disguised queen left the sheiks' camp.
The following day the queen invited the three sheiks to dinner at her palace. She
ordered her servants to give each one exactly what they had given her the evening
Hakim, who received a plate of delicious meat, refused to eat it if the other two
could not share it with him, and this act finally convinced Queen Maura that he was
the man for her.
"Without question, Hakim is the most generous of you," she announced her choice
to the sheiks." So it is Hakim I will marry."
1. What does the story teach us ?
A. If we want to give something to other people, we shall give the best.
B. Do not be cowards.
C. Be the cowards.
D. As a beggar.
E. Don’t be lazy.
2. The three sheiks were not ........
A. rich
B. young
C. strong
D. gloomy
E. handsome
3. Which statement is TRUE about the queen ........
A. The queen was the most powerful queen in Africa.
B. The queen was very proud of her beauty and riches.
C. The queen herself served the sheiks with delicious food.
D. The queen was very careful in deciding whom she would mary.
E. The queen was very satisfied with the food given by the sheiks.
4. The Queen ordered her servants to give the sheiks the same kind of food she
got from the evening before because ........
A. she wanted to entertain her guests
B. she wanted to test the sheiks's taste
C. she wanted to see the sheiks's reactions
D. she wanted to make a joke of the sheiks
E. she wanted to repay the sheik's kindness
5. The main idea of paragraph six is ........
A. Hakim was an unselfish person.
B. Hakim was served with succulent meat.
C. Hakim was satisfied with the food served.
D. Hakim wanted to share the food with the sheiks.
E. Hakim had made the queen find the resolution of her problem.
News Item Text
1. Definition of News Item:
News item is a text which informs readers about events of the day. The events
are considered newsworthy or important.
2. Generic Structure of News Item:
1. Newsworthy event: berita utama dari suatu peristiwa
(inti kilas berita)
2. Background event: latar belakang peristiwa secara rinci
melibatkan bagaimana dan mengapa
peristiwa itu terjadi
3. Source
: Sumber yang memberikan informasi
berkaitan dengan suatu peristiwa. Ini
biasanya melibatkan verbal verbs seperti:
said, informed, told, reported, etc
3. Language Feature of News Item
1. Using Action Verbs
2. Using Saying Verbs
3. Using Passive Sentence
I. Examples and structures of the text:
Town Contaminated
Newsworthy events:
Moscow – A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another Soviet nuclear
catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire town.
Background Events:
Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the
explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of shkotovo – 22 near
The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chernobyl disaster, spread
radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by officials
of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victorclass submarine during a refit had been a ‘thermal’ and not a nuclear explosion. And
those involved in the clean up operation to remove more than 600 tones of
contaminated material were sworn to secrecy.
Sources A board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst accident in
the history of the Soviet Navy.
VIVAnews - Members of the House of Representatives (DPR) who recommend for the
rights to inquiry on Bank Century bailout case are likely keener in probing into the case.
The Bank Century auditing report, which has been publicly in circulation since last week,
showed that Rp 500 billion of fund were allegedly channeled to a politician.
"The last finding has added to the suspected names in the list from three to four," DPR
member from Golkar Party faction Bambang Soesatyo told VIVAnews on Monday, Nov
The three names listed earlier were those taking the final decision on the bailout
The report mentioned that no least than Rp 3.7 trillion out of the total Rp 6.7 trillion of
bailout fund were left unreported by the individuals who formulated and issued policies
on the bailout fund. Of the unaccounted fund, as much as Rp 500 billion were allegedly
transferred to a politician.
Therefore, Bambang implicitly called on the government supporting parties to clarify on
the issue with reasonable arguments in an attempt to avoid President's reputation from
being tarnished.
It is evident that the Bank Century case is a key factor in determining whether or not
the government will maintain stability. As a result, the government supporting parties
should support the rights to inquiry in order to settle the case as soon as possible.
The public has been informed about the report on the bailout fund. It has caused DPR
to exercise their rights to inquiry sooner," he said.
(Source: Jakarta Post)
1. The news is about....
A. Money robbery at Bank Century
B. Report to House of Representative
C. Inquiry of transferred money case
D. Probe of Bank Century bailot case
E. Final decision on bailout process
2. How much money were allegedly received by the politician?
A. No least than 3,7 million
B. As much as 3.7 trillion
C. Out of total 6.7 trillion
D. More than 500 billion
E. As much as 500 billion
3. The following statements are true based on the text, except:
A. The public has known the report of the bailout fund
B. Uncounted fund were allegedly channeled to a politician
C. Government should ignore the rights to inquiry to settle
the case
D. Bambang implicitly called on the government to clarify
on the issue
E. The three suspected were taking the final decision on the
bailout process a key factor in determining whether or not the government
will maintain stability (Paragraph 6, line 1).
The synonym of the underlined
word is....
A. proving
B. deciding
C. ensuring
D. declaring
E. publishing
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