15.1 Postwar Uncertainty

Wednesday, January 18, 2012
Goal: 10.6.4 Summarize the influence of WWI on
literature, art, and intellectual life in the West
In-class: 15.1 Postwar Uncertainty Notes
Warm-up: Have you ever heard of Ernest Hemingway,
Pablo Picasso, Gertrude Stein, Charles Lindbergh,
Amelia Earhart, or Friedrich Nietzsche? If so, who and
what do you know about them? You must have an
answer…no “idk.”
Homework: Study for WWI unit test on Friday!
15.1 Postwar Uncertainty
Post-War Uncertainty
 After World War I
 Many people were uncertain of their future
 Also a time of great invention, creativity and new ideas that
transformed society
Revolutions in Science
 Impact of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity
 Albert Einstein—offered radically different views in the field of
 Theory of relativity—idea that space & time are not constant
 New ideas make the world seem more uncertain than before
 Influence of Freudian psychology
 Sigmund Freud—Austrian doctor with new ideas about the
 Claims that human behavior is not based on reason
Literature of the 1920s
 Impact of the War
 Suffering caused by WWI leads many
to doubt old beliefs
 Thinkers React to Uncertainties
 Philosophy of existentialism—no
universal meaning to life
 Friedrich Nietzsche urges return to
ancient heroic values
 Fitzgerald & Hemingway—identified
with the “lost generation” in writings
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The Great Gatsby
Revolution in the Arts
 Artists Rebel Against Tradition
 Wanted to depict the inner world of mind
 Cubism transformed natural shapes into geometric forms
 Surrealism—art movement that links dreams with real life
 New Styles of Music
 Jazz—musical style that captures age’s new freedom
Pablo Picasso –
“Three Musicians”
Salvador Dali – Surrealism
“Geopoliticus Child”
“The Persistence of Memory”
Society Challenges Convention
 Women’s Roles Change
 Women take on new roles
during WWI
 Helps many win right to vote
 In 1920s adopt freer clothing,
hairstyles & new careers
Technological Advances
 Automobile Changes Society
 Less expensive & lead to suburbs & travel
 Airplanes
 Charles Lindbergh is first to fly alone across the Atlantic
 Amelia Earhart—first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic
 Radio & Movies
 Broadcast news, entertainment, etc.
 Motion pictures major industry
Amelia Earhart
Charles Lindbergh