Sentence Structue

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Spanish Sentence
Structure
How can we make better
sentences?
Rules with verbs

You CAN NOT have two
verbs next to each other….
 EX. Tengo es una casa
bonita.
 You don’t need the “es”.
Ownership Rules


En English we say:
Pedro’s Family
Maria’s house
Etc.
We can’t do this in
Spanish!
How can I use ‘s?



Instead of using the apostrophe (‘) in Spanish,
we have to do this:
The (thing) of (owner) .
El/la (thing)
de (owner) .
So Maria’s book, turns into:
el libro de Maria
Pedro’s family, turns into:
- la familia de Pedro
Agreement with adjectives
Remember that adjectives:
- Go after the noun they describe
- Agree in number & gender with the noun
they modify.
*Just because a girl has something, doesn’t
make it feminine. So if a girl is holding a
book, “el libro” is still masculine.

Words that don’t translate
well to Spanish



Get… Try to use another word or work
around it
Will… As in “I will go”. This DOES NOT
translate to Spanish.
Remember to look up things like “have”,
“eat”, etc. and then CONJUGATE them
according to subject.
Suggestions




The best advice I can give you is to
ALWAYS translate what you just wrote!
If the sentence makes no sense, then
think of another way to say it.
If you don’t know how to say a certain
word, avoid it and think of a word you do
know.
Don’t confuse yourself!
Actual Examples
 “Ricardo
case es pequeño.”
 “Casa de Ricardo es
pequeña una baño y dos
dormitorios.”
 Dormitorio alfombra roja
Mejor



“Ricardo case es pequeño.” Becomes:
- La casa de Ricardo es pequeña.
“Casa de Ricardo es pequeña una baño dos
dormitorios.” Becomes:
- La casa de Ricardo es pequeña. La casa tiene
un baño y dos dormitorios.
Dormitorio alfombra roja
- Mi dormitorio tiene una alfombra roja.
Final Thoughts


We will work on these
things today.
You do not have to be
perfect, but we need
to understand the
basics first!
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