Reviewing Present Verb Tenses Estefanía Pérez The Simple Present Tense Expresses a habit or often repeated action. Adverbs of frequency such as, often, seldom, sometimes, never, etc. are used with this tense. She goes to work everyday. They always eat lunch together. The Simple Present Tense This tense also expresses general truths or facts that are timeless. Snow falls in the December in Minnesota. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. The Present Continuous This tense is used to describe an action that is occurring right now (at this moment, today, this year, etc.). The action has begun and is still in progress. She is typing a paper for her class. He can’t talk. He is fixing the sink right now. The Present Continuous The present progressive can also be used to describe an action that is occurring in the present, but is temporary. John is living in Modesto, but he might move soon. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE MEANING Activities or events that occurring in the present. Summarizing pieces of writing, films, plays. Stating ongoing opinions, beliefs, habits, and facts. Ex: I ride a bike to school everyday. USE Use the Present Simple to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. ENGLISH AFIRMATIVE PRESENT SIMPLE SuBJECT+ Infinitive sin “to” I live in London. Lions eat meat. You like reading comics. In THIRD person singular we add “S” to the verb He plays football. Alice comes to school by bus. My dog sleeps in the garden. If the verb ends in "s"-"sh"-"ch"-"x" o "z" We add "es". If the verb ends in "y" after a consonant We chabge “y” into “i” and we add "es". My brother watches TV at night. His kite flies very high. ENGLISH NEGATIVE PRESENT SIMPLE Suject+ don't + Infinitive without “to” I don't live in London. Lions don't eat grass. You don't like reading books. don't = do not In THIRD person singular we have : Suject+ doesn't + Infinitive without “to” He doesn't play football. doesn't = does not Alice doesn't come to school by car. My dog doesn't sleep in the kitchen. ENGLISH INTERROGATIVE PRESENT SIMPLE Do + Subject +Infinitive without “to” +? Do I live in London? Do lions eat grass? Do you like reading books? Does + Subject+ Infinitive sin “to” +...? Does he play football? Does Alice come to school by car? Does my dog sleep in the kitchen? PRESENT SIMPLE ENGLISH ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY THEY GO BEFORE THE MAIN VERB If we have an auxiliar verb (to be, have got, can..) THEY GO BEFORE I always live in London. always > siempre often > a menudo, con frecuencia usually > generalmente sometimes > algunas veces never > nunca She never walks alone. Do you often study at night? They are usually at home. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE USE To express 1. Actions that occur in the moment we speak: “She’s watering the plants now” 2. Something that is happening in one moment: “My brother is working in a pizza restaurant at the moment” 3. Future Plans: “He’s having dinner with us tonight” 4. We don´t use present continuous with the following verbs: Know, like, want, hate, love, belong, mean, understand, remember, prefer. ENGLISH AFIRMATIVE I am living in London. PRESENT CONTINUOUS Lions are eating meat. You are reading comics. More examples: I am writing You/ we/ they are writing He/ she/ it is writing ENGLISH NEGATIVE PRESENT CONTINUOUS I am not living in London. Lions are not eating meat. You are not reading comics. More examples: I´m not writing You/ we/ they aren´t writing He/ she/ it isn´t writing ENGLISH PRESENT CONTINUOUS INTERROGATIVE Am I living in London? Are Lions eating meat? Are You reading comics? More examples: Am I writing? Are you/ we/ they writing? Is he/ she/ it writing? PRESENT SIMPLE ENGLISH ADVERBS NOW AT THE MOMENT AT PRESENT TONIGHT TODAY I am living in London now. Are you studying French at the moment? They are staying at home tonight.