illegal immigration

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Immigration continued
•
•
•
•
Immigration laws
Assimilation
Illegal Immigration
Solutions
"Some people want it to
happen, some wish it would
happen, others make it
happen."
-Michael Jordan
Test 2
Question #7 missed by 60% of the class,
extra point given
Question #14 marked wrong accidently on scantron,
corrected
Extra Credit Power Point Option:
Sociologists to Know Extra Credit
5 minute Power Point Presentation (or Prezi.com)
Select a sociologist (sign up in class next class)
Describe the following: brief background of their life, 2-3 major
contributions to sociology, how is their work relevant today?
4 points possible
Present on: Nov 5th, Nov 6th
Samples and details on website
http://soc101.weebly.com/extra-credit.html
Sociologists to choose from:
1. Emile Durkheim
2. Max Weber
3. Charles Horton Cooley
4. Karl Marx
5. Herbert Spencer
6. Harriet Martineau
7. Jane Addams
8 George Herbert Mead
9. W.E.B DuBois
10. Talcot Parsons
History of Discrimination in Immigration Law
National Origins Act 1924: Southern Europeans and East Asians
and Indians
1950’s eject suspected Communists from the country (usinfo.state.gov)
History of Discrimination in Immigration Law
The ethnic background of immigrants was particularly important
during times of national crisis
Great Depression: Mexicans and Mexican-Americans faced mass
deportation justified by economic problems
Post World War II: 1954 "Operation Wetback," President
Eisenhower a speculated 1 million Mexicans were deported along
with their U.S. born children in response to labor competition
Effects of Post 9/11 Security Measures
USA Patriot Act of 2001: put immigration under the control of
Department of Homeland Security
2003: Men from Pakistan and Saudi Arabia in US, legal
immigrants, had to register for the controversial National
Security Entry-Exit Registration System or face deportation.
What is assimilation?
I am a ...
1.
2.
3.
4.
First generation immigrant (came to the U.S. not born here)
Second generation (parents came to the U.S., born here)
Third generation (grandparents came to U.S.)
Family has been in the U.S. more than 3
generations
Assimilation
1. Robert E. Park’s traditional assimilation theory
2. Milton Gordon’s contemporary views
3. Horace Kallen’s cultural pluralism
.
Robert Park’s traditional assimilation model,
assimilation occurs after 3 generations.
• 1st: struggle to learn the new way of their new country and
hold on to many aspects of their culture.
American
According to Robert Park’s traditional assimilation model
• 2nd: attend public schools
learn English better than their parents
may move out of ethnically grouped neighborhoods
marry someone outside of their race.
Still seen as outsiders and may consider themselves outsiders
as well
American
Robert Park’s traditional assimilation model
• 3rd: move completely into the mainstream of
American life.
learn a few words of language, recipes, proverbs, t will speak mostly
English
Questions regarding their nationality will seldom arise
American
Robert Park’s traditional model,
assimilation occurs after 3 generations.
• 1st: struggles to learn the new way
• 2nd: learn English better than their
parents, may move out of ethnically
grouped neighborhoods, marry someone
outside of their race. Still seen as
outsiders
• 3rd: move completely into the
mainstream of American life.
In your opinion or
personal
experiences has
this been true?
Criticism of traditional assimilation model
1. Ignores age of entry:
children who arrive at young age with
parents may feel more like 2nd generation
Criticism of traditional assimilation model
2. Ignores race: Does not accurately describe experiences of nonEuropean groups in America.
Criticism of traditional assimilation model
3. Ignores choice: Voluntary versus involuntary entrance (slavery)
effect likelihood of following the 3 generation model
Criticism of traditional assimilation model
4. Ignores group size,
concentrations, and time of entry
5. Ignores similarity between the
and culture of the majority.
culture of minority
Milton Gordon’s Contemporary Views on Assimilation
Gordon described 7
different sub processes
of assimilation
Milton Gordon’s Contemporary Views on Assimilation
1. Cultural (practices and traditions)
2. Structural (schools, jobs, housing, recreational spheres of society)
3. Marital (acceptable partners)
4. Identificational (the group you identify with)
5. Attitudinal (prejudice)
6. Behavioral (discrimination)
7. Civic (political power, representation in politics) assimilation.
Melting Pot vs. Salad Bowl
Italian
Cuban
Japanese
Italian
Cuban
Cultural Pluralism
America
America
Japanese
Horace Kallen’s Cultural Pluralism
Minority groups should be accepted as completely
Americanized without being required to disappear as
distinctive groups.
Majority’s culture is added to the minority’s culture
rather than substituted
Italian
Cuban
Japanese
Cultural Pluralism
America
Melting Pot vs. Salad Bowl
Cultural Pluralism
Which do you feel is better for the United States?
Where are most legal immigrants from?
Top 10 in 2010
Source: U.S.
Department
of Homeland
Security
http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/
assets/statistics/publication
s/natz_fr_2010.pdf
Mexico
India
Philippines
China
Vietnam
Colombia
Dominican Republic
Cuba
Haiti
Jamaica
Terms
Immigrant does not = illegal immigrant
Illegal immigrants also called undocumented workers/
undocumented students
Remember immigrant does not =Latino/a
What parts of the U.S. do most immigrants settle in? And why?
Illinois
New York
New Jersey
California
Florida
Texas
Push and Pull factors of Immigration into the U.S.
Push factors
Pull factors
poverty
perception of endless
opportunities
famine
unemployment
wars
employment
family
religious freedom
military draft
economic freedom
religious or political
persecution
ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION
Views for
deportation of illegal
immigrants
Views against
deportation of illegal
immigrants
Asylum may be granted due to
Fear of return to country based on persecution
related to:
• race
• religion
• political opinion
Must show:
• 10 years in U.S.
• Otherwise clean criminal record
• Relative who is a U.S. citizen would suffer
exceptional and unusual hardship if deported
Pros and Cons of the Solutions
(1) More border control.
(2) Prevent employers from hiring
undocumented immigrants.
(3) Withhold government services
from unauthorized immigrants.
(4) Grant workers a path to gain
citizenship or work permits.
(5) Give police the authority and
responsibility to identify illegal
immigrants (Arizona SB 1070)
Reflection:
a)Which do you think is
best? Why?
b)Which do you think is
worst? Why?
c) Can you think of
other pros or cons to
any of the solutions?
Extra Credit Movie
Dolores Huerta- Co-founder of United Farm Workers Union
Due next week
Bring in a media image from a magazine (nonpornographic) that you feel relates to issues of
gender
Think of an open-ended question to ask the class
about the picture.
•Type up the question. 4 points
•You must be in class to earn full points
Read Ch 9: p 210-215
Example:
How do sexualized
dolls like the Bratz
influence young girls?
Mid-term check in
Students who earn A’s :
Students who don’t pass:
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Keep their goals in mind and work
hard
Read the syllabus carefully and regularly
Read the text book and assigned
articles
Attend every class, on time, stay the
entire class.
Listen actively and take notes (using the
note taking guides)
Participate in class discussions every
session
Check the course website regularly
Ask questions
Take advantage of all the extra credit
Turn in all assignments on time
Use the test study guides
Read the scoring rubrics carefully before
writing papers
Review the Power Points posted on the
course website
Prepare for the Final ahead of time
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Think they will pass without putting
in effort
Ignore the syllabus
Don’t ever purchase the text book
Miss more than 2 classes
Come to class late
Daydream
Do not participate
Rarely or never check the course
website
Never ask questions
Do not take advantage of extra credit
Miss multiple assignments, turn in
assignments late
Do not prepare for tests
Do not read paper scoring rubrics
Do not review Power Points on
website
Students who succeed in this class
Check syllabus
and website
regularly
Go to class
Pay attention and
participated
Do the
reading
Study for tests
and use the
scoring guides
The time to improve your grade is now
Don’t be this guy at the end of the semester
But I really
needed an A
to transfer to
CSUDH/UCLA
/USC…etc.
I’m only 1 point
away from a C,
can’t you round
my grade up?
But I really need
to pass to stay
eligible for
basketball/
football/
track…etc.
I didn’t know that
I wasn’t passing.
But things
have been
so
stressful
at home.
The best way to improve/maintain
your grade is to follow the syllabus:
1. Come to class prepared and participate
2. Study for quizzes
3. Put time and effort into papers, use scoring
guide
Mid-term reflection purpose
 Let you know the grade you are earning in the course
 Find out what your future goals are
 Help you see exactly what you can be doing to maintain or
improve your grade
 Wake-up call if you are unhappy with your grade
 Use this for other classes you are in
Tips
• Learning combination 10-24-7
• Moves information into your long term
memory
Which of these do you think best explains
treatment of immigrants?
1) Cultural Transmission: focuses on how prejudice is transmitted
through culture from generation to generation through family
and/or media.
2) Group Identification Theory: focuses on how prejudices are tied
in with an individual’s racial and ethnic group membership.
3) Personality theories: assert that those with high levels of
frustration or authoritarian personalities have higher tendencies
of holding prejudice beliefs.
4) Frustration-aggression hypothesis: ethnic prejudices develop in
response to people’s need to cope with the frustration in their
daily lives.
(ICE= United States
Immigration and Customs
Enforcement)
Timeline of significant U.S. Immigration Laws
Texas Proviso 1952: makes harboring an illegal entrant a felony, but
does not punish those who employ them.
Immigration Act of 1965: abolished the national origins quota
system.
 Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986: made it illegal for
employers to knowingly hire illegal immigrants.
Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996:
authorized more Border Patrol agents and a triple fence along the San
Diego border,
USA Patriot Act of 2001: put immigration under the control of the
newly created Department of Homeland Security (Kimer, 2005)
Real ID Act May 2005: prohibits undocumented immigrants from
holding a driver’s licenses
Bill 4427 December 2005: Made remaining in the U.S. as an
undocumented immigrant a federal felony (en.wikpedia.org)
Source: NACLA Report on the Americas; Jul/Aug2005, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p34-35, 2p
Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security
http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/natz_fr_2010.pdf
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