I CANS FEBRUARY 26, 2013 February 26, 2013 I can demonstrate reading comprehension by taking a reading check test I can view different forms of media for better understanding of a topic I can work with a partner and find several facts from multiple sources SAT Question of the SAT Question of the Day SRI Testing Tips When you pull up the first screen, Pick the 3 options you are good at reading Do not skip questions February 26, 2013 I can demonstrate mastery of SAT vocabulary by scoring 80% or higher on my quiz. I can understand verbals and the manner in which they function in a sentence by studying participles, gerunds, and infinitives. February 26, 2013 I can acquire new vocabulary by completing a vocabulary packet of sentences, synonyms, antonyms, and choosing the right word. I can understand verbals and the way they function in a sentence by studying participles, gerunds, and infinitives. Verbals and Verbal Phrases A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as a noun, adjective, or an adverb There are three kinds of verbals: the participle, the gerund, and the infinitive The Participle A participle is a verb form that can be used as an adjective 1. Present participles end in –ing The smiling child waved. 2. Most part participles end in –d or –ed. Some past participles are irregularly forms. The police searched the abandoned warehouse. The plate, bought at a flea market, is a valuable antique Identifying Participles 1. Records, cracked, and warped, were in the 2. 3. 4. 5. old trunk in the attic. Shouting loudly, Carmen warned the pedestrian to look out for the car. Spoken in haste, the angry words could not e taken back. The papers, aged and yellowed, were in the bottom drawer. For centuries the ruins remained there, waiting for discovery. Identifying Participles 6. Carefully decorated, the pinata glittered in the sunlight 7. The charging bull thundered across th field of red and orange poppies. 8. Cheering and clapping, the spectators greeted their team. 9. The children, fidgeting noisily, waited eagerly for recess. 10. Recently released, the movie is not yet in local theatres. March 1, 2013(YAY! Break and Tournament season!!!) I can acquire new vocabulary by completing a packet of fill in the blank, synonyms, antonyms, and choosing the right word I can identify verbals used in a sentence by examining participles, gerunds, and infinitives I can identify participial phrases by completing exercises. Bellringer 1. Furious, violent intense, unreasonable 2. 3. 4. 5. extreme; mad infected with rabies Ridiculous, senseless To reward, pay, reimburse To twist out of shape; an abnormality Genuine, excellent, made of silver of standard fineness Formative 1. What is a verbal? 2. Name the three types of verbals. 3. What is a participle? 4. What are the two types of participles? A Participial Phrase A participial phrase consists of a participle and any modifiers or complements the participle has. The entire phrase is used as an adjective. Participial Phrase examples Seeing itself in the mirror, the duck seemed quite bewildered. After a while, we heard the duck quacking noisily at its own image. Then, disgusted with the other duck, it pecked the mirror. March 8, 2013 I can demonstrate mastery of SAT vocabulary by scoring 80% or above on the quiz I can retain information regarding different verbals by recalling the function of a participial in a sentence I can understand gerunds are verbals acting as a noun in a sentence. Bellringer Unit 8B Vocabulary quiz After quiz, pick up the participial worksheet March 18, 2013 I can acquire new vocabulary by completing a vocabulary packet I can identify the function of a verbal in a sentence by examining the roles participles, gerunds, and infinitives play in a sentence. The Gerund A gerund is a verb form ending in –ing that is used as a noun. SUBJECT– Skiing down the slop was fun PREDICATE– Dad’s favorite pastime is fishing for trout and NOMINATE bass. INDIRECT OBJECT– Give sailing a try. DIRECT OBJECT– We enjoyed hiking in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. OBJECT OF– Please sweep the front sidewalk after PREPOSTION mowing. Beware!!! Do not confuse a gerund with a present participle used as part of a verb phrase or as an adjective. Example– Pausing, the deer was sniffing the wind before stepping into the meadow. [Pausing is a participle modifying deer and sniffing is part of the verb phrase was sniffing. Stepping is a gerund that serves as the object of the preposition before.] Identifying Gerunds Find the gerunds in the following sentences. Identify each gerund as a subject, a predicate nominative, a direct object, or an object of a preposition. If a sentence does not contain a gerund, write none. Example– 1. Typing the paper took an hour. Typing—subject Identifying Gerunds 1. In the past, working took up most people’s time six days a week. 2. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s powerful speaking helped draw attention to the civil rights movement. 3. My sister has always enjoyed riding horseback. 4. Why won’t that dog stop barking? Identifying Gerunds 5. I look forward to a rest after this tiring job is done. 6. Uncle Eli’s specialty is barbecuing on the grill. 7. Nobody could stand the child’s unceasing whine. 8. The most exciting part of the ceremony will be the crowning of the new king. 9. Studying usually pays off in higher scores. 10. Considering the other choices, Melinda decided on walking. The Gerund Phrase A gerund phrase consists of a gerund and any modifiers or complements the gerund has. The entire phrase is used as a noun. Examples: Having a part-time job may interfere with your schoolwork. The townspeople heard the loud clanging of the fire bell. We crossed the stream by stepping carefully from stone to stone. Identifying Gerund Phrases Find the gerund phrases in the following sentences. Identify each phrase as a subject, predicate nominative, a direct object or an object of a preposition. Example– The rain interrupted their building the bonfire. Their building the bonfire– direct object. Identifying Gerund Phrases 1. Angelo’s pleading rarely influenced his 2. 3. 4. 5. mother’s decisions. The eerie sound they heard was the howling of the wolves. We sat back and enjoyed the slow rocking of the boat. The blue jay’s screeching at the cat woke us up at dawn. People supported Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers by boycotting grapes. Identifying Gerund Phrases 6. Our greatest victory will be winning the state championship. 7. The frantic darting of the fish indicated that a shark was nearby/ 8. She is considering running for class president. 9. Ants try to protect their colonies from storms by piling up sand against the wind. 10. In his later years, Chief Quanah Parker was known for settling disputes fairly. Writing Sentences with Gerunds 1. getting up in the morning 2. arguing among themselves 3. refusing to board rthe space shuttle 4. sharpening my pencil 5. listening to the tour guide 6. walking to the video store 7. jumping into the cold water 8. figuring out puzzles 9. repairing the tires on my bicycle 10. living near a castle The Infinitive An infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Most infinitives begin with to. NOUN: To install the ceiling fan took two hours. ADJECTIVES: The best time to visit Florida is December through April. ADVERB: The gymnasts were ready to practice their routines. Identifying Infinitives 1. After school, June and I like to walk home together. 2. Usually, we go to my house or her house to listen to CDs. 3. Sometimes I get up to dance to the music, but June never does. 4. I don’t like to sit still when a good song is playing. 5. June finally told me that she had neve learned how to dance. Identifying Infinitives 6. “Do you want to learn some steps?” I asked. 7. “I want to try,” she answered. 8. I decided to start with some simple steps. 9. For three weeks, we went to my house to practice. 10. Now, June is ready to go to the school dance after the game on Friday. The Infinitive Phrase A infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive and any modifiers or complements the infinitive has. The entire phrase may be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. EXAMPLE: The crowd grew quiet to hear the speaker. Peanuts and raisins are good snacks to take on a camping trip. To lift those weights takes great strength. Identifying Infinitive Phrases 1. Taking care of your bicycle is one way to 2. 3. 4. 5. make it last. We used machine oil to lubricate the chain. I learned to place a small drop of oil on each link. Then she showed me the vlave that is needed to fill the inner tube. Using Aunt Elise’s hand pump, we added some air to the back tire. Identifying Infinitive Phrases 6. We were careful not to put in too much air. 7. Next, we got out wrenches to tighten some bolts. 8. My aunt said not to pull the wrench too hard. 9. Overtightening can cause as much damage to bolts as not tightening them enough. 10. When we finished, I thanked my aunt for taking the time to give me tips about taking care of my bicycle. Writing sentences with Infinitive Phrases 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. To give the right answers To go to another planet To run toward the zebra To read the entire book over the weekend To spend the night at my cousin’s house To wait for the meteor shower To finish the posters before Kwanza To climb the mountain with my friends To close all the windows in the house To sing on stage Identifying Verbals and Verbal Phrases 1, Cahokia was a highly developed civilization in North America more than one thousand years ago. 2. Noting the importance of Cahokia, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) set aside Cahokia Mounds as a World Heritage Site. 3. After studying the site, archaeologists were able to make a sketch of the ancient city. Identifying Verbals and Verbal Phrases 4. The city was destroyed long ago, yt the remaining traces of it show how huge it must have been. 5. This thriving community had a population of about 20,000 sometime between A.D. 700 and A.D. 1500. 6. You can see that the people chose to build their houses mostly inside the stockade wall. Identifying Verbals and Verbal Phrases 7. It’s still possible to see many of the earthen mounds. 8. The historic site includes about sixty-eight preserved mounds, which were probably used for ceremonial activities. 9. Seeing the 100-foot-high Monks Mound was quite enlightening. 10. The mound was built for the city’s ruler as a place to live.