Verbals

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I CANS
FEBRUARY 26, 2013
February 26, 2013
 I can demonstrate reading comprehension by
taking a reading check test
I can view different forms of media for better
understanding of a topic
I can work with a partner and find several facts
from multiple sources
SAT Question of the
SAT Question of the Day
SRI Testing Tips
 When you pull up the
first screen, Pick the 3
options you are good at
reading
 Do not skip questions
February 26, 2013
 I can demonstrate mastery of SAT
vocabulary by scoring 80% or
higher on my quiz.
 I can understand verbals and the
manner in which they function in
a sentence by studying
participles, gerunds, and
infinitives.
February 26, 2013
 I can acquire new vocabulary by completing a
vocabulary packet of sentences, synonyms,
antonyms, and choosing the right word.
 I can understand verbals and the way they
function in a sentence by studying participles,
gerunds, and infinitives.
Verbals and Verbal Phrases
 A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb
but is used as a noun, adjective, or an adverb
 There are three kinds of verbals: the
participle, the gerund, and the infinitive
The Participle
 A participle is a verb form that can be used as an
adjective
 1. Present participles end in –ing
The smiling child waved.
2. Most part participles end in –d or –ed. Some past
participles are irregularly forms.
The police searched the abandoned warehouse.
The plate, bought at a flea market, is a valuable
antique
Identifying Participles
1. Records, cracked, and warped, were in the
2.
3.
4.
5.
old trunk in the attic.
Shouting loudly, Carmen warned the
pedestrian to look out for the car.
Spoken in haste, the angry words could not
e taken back.
The papers, aged and yellowed, were in the
bottom drawer.
For centuries the ruins remained there,
waiting for discovery.
Identifying Participles
6. Carefully decorated, the pinata glittered in
the sunlight
7. The charging bull thundered across th field of
red and orange poppies.
8. Cheering and clapping, the spectators
greeted their team.
9. The children, fidgeting noisily, waited eagerly
for recess.
10. Recently released, the movie is not yet in
local theatres.
March 1, 2013(YAY! Break and
Tournament season!!!)
 I can acquire new vocabulary by completing a
packet of fill in the blank, synonyms,
antonyms, and choosing the right word
 I can identify verbals used in a sentence by
examining participles, gerunds, and
infinitives
 I can identify participial phrases by
completing exercises.
Bellringer
1. Furious, violent intense, unreasonable
2.
3.
4.
5.
extreme; mad infected with rabies
Ridiculous, senseless
To reward, pay, reimburse
To twist out of shape; an abnormality
Genuine, excellent, made of silver of
standard fineness
Formative
1. What is a verbal?
2. Name the three types of verbals.
3. What is a participle?
4. What are the two types of participles?
A Participial Phrase
 A participial phrase consists
of a participle and any
modifiers or complements
the participle has. The entire
phrase is used as an
adjective.
Participial Phrase examples
Seeing itself in the mirror, the duck seemed
quite bewildered.
After a while, we heard the duck quacking
noisily at its own image.
Then, disgusted with the other duck, it pecked
the mirror.
March 8, 2013
 I can demonstrate mastery of SAT vocabulary
by scoring 80% or above on the quiz
 I can retain information regarding different
verbals by recalling the function of a
participial in a sentence
 I can understand gerunds are verbals acting
as a noun in a sentence.
Bellringer
 Unit 8B Vocabulary quiz
 After quiz, pick up the participial worksheet
March 18, 2013
 I can acquire new vocabulary by completing a
vocabulary packet
 I can identify the function of a verbal in a
sentence by examining the roles participles,
gerunds, and infinitives play in a sentence.
The Gerund
 A gerund is a verb form ending in –ing that
is used as a noun.
SUBJECT– Skiing down the slop was fun
PREDICATE– Dad’s favorite pastime is fishing for trout and
NOMINATE bass.
INDIRECT OBJECT– Give sailing a try.
DIRECT OBJECT– We enjoyed hiking in the Sangre de
Cristo Mountains.
OBJECT OF– Please sweep the front sidewalk after
PREPOSTION mowing.
Beware!!!
 Do not confuse a gerund with a present
participle used as part of a verb phrase or as
an adjective.
 Example– Pausing, the deer was sniffing the
wind before stepping into the meadow.
[Pausing is a participle modifying deer and
sniffing is part of the verb phrase was sniffing.
Stepping is a gerund that serves as the object
of the preposition before.]
Identifying Gerunds
Find the gerunds in the following sentences.
Identify each gerund as a subject, a predicate
nominative, a direct object, or an object of a
preposition. If a sentence does not contain a
gerund, write none.
Example– 1. Typing the paper took an hour.
Typing—subject
Identifying Gerunds
1. In the past, working took up most people’s
time six days a week.
2. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s powerful
speaking helped draw attention to the civil
rights movement.
3. My sister has always enjoyed riding
horseback.
4. Why won’t that dog stop barking?
Identifying Gerunds
5. I look forward to a rest after this tiring job is
done.
6. Uncle Eli’s specialty is barbecuing on the grill.
7. Nobody could stand the child’s unceasing
whine.
8. The most exciting part of the ceremony will
be the crowning of the new king.
9. Studying usually pays off in higher scores.
10. Considering the other choices, Melinda
decided on walking.
The Gerund Phrase
 A gerund phrase consists of a gerund and any
modifiers or complements the gerund has.
The entire phrase is used as a noun.
Examples: Having a part-time job may
interfere with your schoolwork.
The townspeople heard the loud clanging of
the fire bell.
We crossed the stream by stepping carefully
from stone to stone.
Identifying Gerund Phrases
 Find the gerund phrases in the following
sentences. Identify each phrase as a subject,
predicate nominative, a direct object or an
object of a preposition.
Example– The rain interrupted their building the
bonfire.
Their building the bonfire– direct object.
Identifying Gerund Phrases
1. Angelo’s pleading rarely influenced his
2.
3.
4.
5.
mother’s decisions.
The eerie sound they heard was the howling
of the wolves.
We sat back and enjoyed the slow rocking of
the boat.
The blue jay’s screeching at the cat woke us
up at dawn.
People supported Cesar Chavez and the
United Farm Workers by boycotting grapes.
Identifying Gerund Phrases
6. Our greatest victory will be winning the state
championship.
7. The frantic darting of the fish indicated that a
shark was nearby/
8. She is considering running for class president.
9. Ants try to protect their colonies from storms
by piling up sand against the wind.
10. In his later years, Chief Quanah Parker was
known for settling disputes fairly.
Writing Sentences with
Gerunds
 1. getting up in the morning
 2. arguing among themselves
 3. refusing to board rthe space shuttle
 4. sharpening my pencil
 5. listening to the tour guide
 6. walking to the video store
 7. jumping into the cold water
 8. figuring out puzzles
 9. repairing the tires on my bicycle
 10. living near a castle
The Infinitive
 An infinitive is a verb form that can be used as
a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Most
infinitives begin with to.
 NOUN: To install the ceiling fan took two
hours.
 ADJECTIVES: The best time to visit Florida is
December through April.
 ADVERB: The gymnasts were ready to
practice their routines.
Identifying Infinitives
1. After school, June and I like to walk home
together.
2. Usually, we go to my house or her house to
listen to CDs.
3. Sometimes I get up to dance to the music, but
June never does.
4. I don’t like to sit still when a good song is
playing.
5. June finally told me that she had neve learned
how to dance.
Identifying Infinitives
 6. “Do you want to learn some steps?” I




asked.
7. “I want to try,” she answered.
8. I decided to start with some simple steps.
9. For three weeks, we went to my house to
practice.
10. Now, June is ready to go to the school
dance after the game on Friday.
The Infinitive Phrase
 A infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive and
any modifiers or complements the infinitive
has. The entire phrase may be used as a noun,
an adjective, or an adverb.
 EXAMPLE: The crowd grew quiet to hear the
speaker.
 Peanuts and raisins are good snacks to take
on a camping trip.
 To lift those weights takes great strength.
Identifying Infinitive
Phrases
1. Taking care of your bicycle is one way to
2.
3.
4.
5.
make it last.
We used machine oil to lubricate the chain.
I learned to place a small drop of oil on each
link.
Then she showed me the vlave that is
needed to fill the inner tube.
Using Aunt Elise’s hand pump, we added
some air to the back tire.
Identifying Infinitive
Phrases
6. We were careful not to put in too much air.
7. Next, we got out wrenches to tighten some
bolts.
8. My aunt said not to pull the wrench too hard.
9. Overtightening can cause as much damage
to bolts as not tightening them enough.
10. When we finished, I thanked my aunt for
taking the time to give me tips about taking
care of my bicycle.
Writing sentences with
Infinitive Phrases
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
To give the right answers
To go to another planet
To run toward the zebra
To read the entire book over the weekend
To spend the night at my cousin’s house
To wait for the meteor shower
To finish the posters before Kwanza
To climb the mountain with my friends
To close all the windows in the house
To sing on stage
Identifying Verbals and
Verbal Phrases
1, Cahokia was a highly developed civilization in
North America more than one thousand years
ago.
2. Noting the importance of Cahokia, the
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and
Cultural Organization (UNESCO) set aside
Cahokia Mounds as a World Heritage Site.
3. After studying the site, archaeologists were
able to make a sketch of the ancient city.
Identifying Verbals and
Verbal Phrases
4. The city was destroyed long ago, yt the
remaining traces of it show how huge it must
have been.
5. This thriving community had a population of
about 20,000 sometime between A.D. 700 and
A.D. 1500.
6. You can see that the people chose to build
their houses mostly inside the stockade wall.
Identifying Verbals and
Verbal Phrases
7. It’s still possible to see many of the earthen
mounds.
8. The historic site includes about sixty-eight
preserved mounds, which were probably used
for ceremonial activities.
9. Seeing the 100-foot-high Monks Mound was
quite enlightening.
10. The mound was built for the city’s ruler as a
place to live.
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