Chapter 3 The Commercial North

Section 3(A)
Under mercantilism, the colonies existed to
help the home country
But, from 1650 to 1750, the colonies economy
grew twice as fast as England’s did.
Northern farms grew several crops
and raised livestock.
The Southern farms usually relied on one cash
The North also developed industry including
lumber, iron and ship building.
Trade caused port cities to grow,
especially in the north.
Philadelphia became the second largest city in
the British Empire.
Its street plan, including parks, police patrols,
sidewalks and street lights, made it a very
sophisticated city.
The north was composed of many immigrant
groups including German, Scots-Irish, Dutch,
Scandinavian, Mennonites and Jewish people.
Despite their sometimes conflicting interests,
the colonists got along with their new
neighbors to create a truly diverse American
Because raising wheat and corn didn’t require
as many workers as raising tobacco and cotton,
the north did not rely on slavery.
But, enslaved persons were considered
property and were harshly treated in both
As in the south, women had extensive work
responsibilities but few legal rights.
They could not vote, buy or sell property or
keep their own wages.
In New England, the law said that women
must be kept under their husbands’ control.
Limitations on the roles of women, social
tension, relations with the Native Americans
and religious fanatics led to women being
accused of witchcraft.
Hysteria gripped New England as more and
more women were falsely accused.
The trials ended when the governor’s wife was
accused, but not before 19 were hanged and
many others died in prison.
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