Español III (E)

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ESPAÑOL III (E)
Srta. Forgue
Viernes el 10 de septiembre
AHORA MISMO:
Describe las personas con
vocabulario del capitulo.

OBJETIVOS
Compartir
la tarea con la clase
(10 oraciones completas)
Empezar repaso del presente de
indicativo (present tense verbs)
Tarea: Cuaderno de Practica 3 (hoja de trabajo)
VERBOS: INTRODUCCIÓN
A
verb may express existence, action, or
occurrence.
 Examples: walk, talk, eat, go, run, hop, read, be,
have, make, do
 In Spanish, there are 3 types of verbs,
categorized by their endings or suffixes.
1. AR (hablar, caminar, pensar, tomar)
2. ER (beber, comer, leer, tener)
3. IR (venir, vivir, ir, subir)

Can you think of any other examples?
VERBOS ESENCIALES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
andar
aprender
beber
buscar
cantar
comer
conocer
correr
creer
dar
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
decir
dejar
dormir
encontrar
escuchar
esperar
estar
haber
hablar
hacer
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
ir
jugar
llevar
mirar
oír
parecer
poder
poner
querer
saber
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
ser
tener
tocar
trabajar
traer
vender
venir
ver
vestir
vivir
EL INFINITIVO
 Verbs
like hablar, beber, and vivir are in
what is called the infinitive form (the ar, -er, or -ir endings are attached).
 It is the equivalent of the English “to __
(action),” a base form of the verb where
no subject (person performing the action)
is implied.
Example: hablar means “to speak”
CONJUGACIÓN DE LOS VERBOS
Remember what it means to conjugate (conjugar) a verb?
When you conjugate a verb, you change a verb from its base form
or infinitive to reflect subject, tense, and number.
 Some conjugations of “to speak”
 “I speak” (just one person does the action, first person, in the
present tense)
 “we spoke” (more than one person does the action, first person,
in the preterite tense)
 “She is speaking” (one person does the action, third person (she),
present progressive tense- she is in the middle of speaking)
CONJUGACIÓN DE LOS VERBOS
In Spanish, there are regular and irregular verbs.
What is the difference?
 Regular verbs follow a certain pattern of
conjugation endings and rules. Think of regular AR,
ER, and IR verbs as rule-followers.
 Irregular verbs do not follow the rules – think of
irregular AR, ER, and IR verbs as rebels, the ones
that (unfortunately for Spanish students) break all
the rules.
 There are also stem-changing verbs that may
follow the rules for verb endings, but have spelling
changes in the stem (root) part of the verb.

EL PRESENTE DEL INDICATIVO



The present indicative tense (pp. 14-15) is the first tense you learned
in Spanish I.
The present indicative is used to express actions or situations that are
going on in the present time and are used to express general truths.
It can also be used to express habitual actions or actions that will
occur in the near future.
Ella es profesor.
She is a professor.
Llamo a mis padres mañana.
I will call my parents tomorrow.
Van a la biblioteca todos los dias.
They go to the library every day.
EL PRESENTE DEL INDICATIVO
Regular –ar, –er, and –ir verbs

The present tense (el presente) of regular verbs is formed by
dropping the infinitive ending (–ar, –er,
or –ir) and adding personal endings.
EL PRESENTE DEL INDICATIVO
Stem-changing verbs



Some verbs have stem changes in the present tense.
In many –ar and –er verbs, e changes to ie and o changes to ue. In
some –ir verbs, e changes to i.
The nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms never have a stem change in
the present tense.
EL PRESENTE DEL INDICATIVO
Irregular verbs

Other commonly used verbs in Spanish are irregular in
the present tense or combine a stem change with an
irregular yo form or other spelling change.
EL PRESENTE DEL INDICATIVO
Categorize and conjugate the following verbs in the present tense.
 hablar (to speak)
AR verb, regular
hablo, hablas, habla, hablamos, habláis, hablan
 venir (to come)
IR verb, irregular and stem-changing
vengo, vienes, viene, venimos, venís, vienen
 beber (to drink)
ER verb, regular
bebo, bebes, bebe, bebemos, bebéis, beben
 ser (to be)
ER verb, irregular
soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son
AHORA: PRACTICA
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Rosa (bailar) __________ un tango en el teatro.
Mis amigos (hablar) __________ francés muy bien.
Yo (abrir) __________ la ventana cuando hace calor.
Mi hermano y yo (aprender) __________ a nadar en la piscina.
¿Dónde (vivir) __________ ustedes?
¿Tú (recibir) __________ regalos el día de tu cumpleaños?
Los estudiantes (correr) __________ a casa por la tarde.
Nosotros (mirar) __________ la televisión.
Usted nunca (comer) __________ comida picante, ¿verdad?
Mis hermanos y yo (practicar) __________ el fútbol después de
las clases.
Ustedes siempre (desayunar) __________ en la cafetería.
¿ (Viajar) __________ tus padres a Roma esta semana?
CON UN/A COMPAÑERO/A DE CLASE:
 Escoger
un verbo para memorizar, presentar y
enseñar a la clase. Dar a la clase unos consejos
para recordar el verbo.
 Empezar la tarea (CP 3).
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