ASSESSING SPEAKING PRESENTED BY : Anak Agung Gde Rai Wirawan Yulianingsih Ida Ayu Litha Yusnia Dewi Ni Made Yuliartini Speaking is a productive skill that can be directly and empirically observed, those observations are invariably colored by the accuracy of effectiveness of a test-taker’s listening skill, which necessarily compromises the reliability and validity of an oral production test Assessing Speaking Extensive Imitative Responsive Imitative Phonepass A popular test that use imitative production task is phonepass, a widely used, commercially available speaking test in many countries Intensive Speaking Sentence/ Dialogue Completion Tasks Test-takers are first given time to read through the dialogue to get its gist and to think about appropriate lines to fill in. Direct Respon The test administrator elicits a particular grammatical form or a transformation of sentence Read-aloud Intensive reading-aloud tasks include reading beyond the sentence level up to a paragraph or two Picture-Cued Tasks One of the more popular ways to elicit oral language performance at both intensive and extensive levels is a picture-cued stimulus that requires a description from the test-takers Translation Translation is a part of our tradition in language teaching that we tend to discount or disdain, if only because of our current pedagogical stance plays down its importance. Responsive Giving Instructions and Directions Question and Answer Question and answer task can consist of one or two questions from an interviewer, or they can make up a portion of a whole battery of questions and prompts in an oral interview This type of assessment entails a student asking the teacher questions. Essentially, the student assumes control over the conversation Paraphrasing This type of assessment requires students to listen to a 4 to 6 sentence paragraph. Upon finishing the paragraph, instructors prompt students to give a 1 to 2 sentence summary of what they just heard. Interactive interview oral production assessment’ is mentioned the first things that comes to mind is oral interview : a test administrator and a testtaker sit down in a direct face to face exchange and proceed through a protocol of questions and directives. Role Play Role playing is a popular pedagogical activity in communicative language-teaching classes. Within constrains sets forth by guidelines, it frees students to be somewhat creative in their linguistic output. Discussion and Conversation Discussion and conversation with and among are difficult to specify and even more difficult to score. Assessing the performance of participants through scores or checklist course, discussion is an integrative task, and so it is also advisable to give some cognizance to comprehension performance in evaluating learners. Games Games are usually the easiest way to get students engaged in learning English. One type of interactive game assessment is information gap grids Extensive Oral Presentations Oral presentations would not be uncommon to be called on to present a report, a paper, a marketing plan, a sales idea, a design of new product, or method in academic a professional arenas. Picture-cued Story telling Picture cued story telling is one of the most techniques for eliciting oral production is through visual picture, photographs, diagrams, and charts Retelling Story This is type of task in which test-takers hear or read a story or news event that they are asked to retell. In this form of extensive speaking assessment, students re-tell a story they heard Translation Translation of words, phrases, or short sentences was mentioned under the category of intensive speaking. The longer texts are presented for the test-takers to read in native language and translate into English. What test commonly used??? Sentence/ Dialogue Completion Tasks and Oral Questionnaires Match these sentences on the left hand to the suitable sentences on the right hand! A B : Do you agree If we go out tonight? : yes, I agree A B : Their performance are very attractive :................ A B : . . . . . . . . . . . . . clean this room, please? : Yes, of course A B : I’ll go to the party tonight, but I don’t have a blouse. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .a blouse? : Don’t worry A B : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . this computer? : Thank you so much. I really need it. a. Can you help me b. Do you need c. Do you agree d. Could you borrow me e. . No, I don’t think so. It’s boring. The strength of this technique lies inofits The weakness this technique is moderate control of the output of the its reliance on literacy and an test-taker. While individual variations is easily from ability to transfer responses are accepted, the technique written to spoken English and is taps into a learner’sthe ability to discern contrived, inauthentic nature of experiences in a conversation to same criterion this task: and couldn’t produce sociolinguistically correct be elicited performance language. What is the sretches and the weakness?? Lesson Plan Standar Kompetensi : Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks lisan funsional dan monolog pendek sederhana yang berbentuk descriptive dan recount untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar. Kompetensi Dasar : Mengungkapkan makna dalam monolog pendek sederhana dengan menggunakan ragam bahasa lisan secara akurat, lancar dan berterima untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar dalam teks berbentuk descriptive dan recount. Indikator : Mampu mengungkapkan dam melakukan monolog dalam wacana sederhana berbentuk descriptive dengan ragam bahasa lisan secara akurat, lancar dan berterima. Tujuan Pembelajaran Diberikan kesempatan pada siswa untuk mengungkapkan makna gagasan dalam wacana berbentuk descriptive dengan ragam bahasa lisan secara akurat, lancar dan berterima untuk lingkungan sekitar 1. Membuat deskripsi lisan berdasarkan gambar dan kata-kata kunci tersebut Key words: Beautiful Brightly colored Four large wings Slim, hairless Club-shaped antennae(feelers) Feed on the nectar of flower on fruit Contoh deskripsi : I see a butterfly perch on a flower. Let me try to describe it for you. The butterfly is very beautiful. It is brightly colored. It has four large wings used to fly from one flower to another flower. Do you know what it does while perching on the flower? Yeah. It sips the nectar. As we know, butterflies feed on nectar or on fruit. The butterfly has a slim and hairless body. It also has clubshaped antennae. The antennae functions as feelers. Choose one of the pictures below. Describe what you see in the picture!!!(five until seven sentences) •Rubric Penilaian Aspek Kelancaran Kejelasan makna Pelafalan URAIAN SKOR Sangat lancar 4 Lancar 3 Cukup lancar 2 Kurang lancar 1 Tidak berbicara 0 Semua ucapan jelas dan dapat dipahami 4 Sebagaian besar jelas dan dapat dipahami 3 Sebagaian kecil jelas dan dapat dipahami 2 Semua ucapan sulit dipahami 1 Semua ucapan tidak dapat dipahami 0 Semua ucapan benar 4 Sebagaian besar ucapan benar 3 Sebagaian kecil ucapan benar 2 Hampir semua ucapan tidak benar 1 Semua ucapan tidak benar 0 Intonasi Penjiwaan Semua kata, frasa dan kalimat benar 4 Sebagaian besar benar 3 Sebagaian kecil benar 2 Hampir Semua kata salah 1 Semua kata salah 0 Sangat baik 4 Baik 3 Cukup 2 Kurang baik 1 Tidak ada penjiwaan 0 Skor maksimal = 20 Nilai siswa = Skor Perolehan X 10 =….. 20 Picture-cued Tasks What test and why do you choose it??? . Picture-Cued Tasks A picture-cued stimulus requires a description from the test-taker. It may elicit a word, a phrase, a story, or incident. This form of assessment entails an interviewer asking students what is in the picture or what is happening in the picture. Picture-cued test will make test-takers open their imagination about a picture or things, improve their vocabulary, and testtakers can describe about a things by using oral language performance.