Cause and Effect - Delta State University

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Cause and Effect
Writing About Cause and Effect
• What is a CAUSE?
– It is what makes something happen
• (Example: The floor was wet...)
• What is an EFFECT?
– It is what happens
• (Example: so, I slipped and fell.)
4/8/2015
MAPTAP 2004
2
Writing Tips
• Look for words such
as…
– Since
– So
– Because
– Therefore
– Due to the fact
…to join
cause and effect
sentences.
4/8/2015
• Use cause and effect
in paragraphs to
explain how things
work
OR
• how something
happens.
MAPTAP 2004
3
Two things have to happen in a
cause and effect sentence!
• A CAUSE is what makes something happen.
• An EFFECT is what happens as a result of the
cause.
• Look at the pictures below.
• What is the cause?________________
The needle
The balloon will pop
• What will be the effect?_______________
4/8/2015
MAPTAP 2004
4
Look at the pictures below.
Match the CAUSE with the EFFECT
• Cause
• Effect
GREAT JOB!!
4/8/2015
MAPTAP 2004
5
Remember these tips…
• The CAUSE happens FIRST
– Ask yourself, what had to happen first?
• The EFFECT happens SECOND
– Ask yourself, what happened last?
• Also: C before E (In the alphabet)
– Cause before Effect!
• Look for clue words
– Because, since, so, on account of, due to the
fact
4/8/2015
MAPTAP 2004
6
Certain words join cause and
effect sentences.
-
4/8/2015
I bought Dan a present BECAUSE it was
his birthday.
It was Dan’s birthday
What is the cause? ________________
What is the effect? I________________
bought him a present
What is the word that join the cause and
effect? _______
Because
MAPTAP 2004
7
What other words help to join
cause and effect sentences?
• The ice cream was melting AS A RESULT
OF the hot weather.
The hot weather
– What is the cause?________________
The ice cream melted
– What is the effect?________________
As a result of
– What is the joining clue word?___________
4/8/2015
MAPTAP 2004
8
Which words join the cause and
effect parts of a sentence?
• I told Ellen to come home because it was time for
dinner. _________
because
• The school was closed yesterday on account of
the snowy weather. ___________
on account of
• Sara could not go to the party due to the fact that
to the fact
she was sick. due
____________
• I saved ten dollars as the result of putting one
as the result of
dollar in my bank every week.____________
4/8/2015
MAPTAP 2004
9
On a piece of paper, Write a cause and
effect ending for each sentence below.
•
USE THE WORDS THAT JOIN THEM
•
Because, since, on account of, due to the fact
1. I had to wear boots to school _________
________________________________
2. I like you _________________________
3. Alan had to stay after school _________
________________________________
4. We are having a party_______________
4/8/2015
MAPTAP 2004
10
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