Per 2 & 3 Our A-Z Glossary for Digital Citizenship Anti-Virus Software (Noun) Software for blocking malicious (bad) programs, such as viruses or malware, from harming adminwarez.blogs your computer. pot.com Contributed by: Missael C Avatar An avatar is a graphic (picture, image) that you use to represent yourself on the Internet. contributed by: mariela g. http://www.guistyles.com/wpcontent/uploads/2006/11/Avatars_by_RusVi xen.jpg Nowadays people use avatars a lot while texting using face book, twitter.instagram ect. BOUNDARIES Boundaries are physical, emotional and mental limits we set to protect ourselves from being manipulated, used, or harmed by others. http://www.thehealthybac kblog.com/chiropractic/8 78-mental-fitnessiii/attachment/boundaries / I respect others boundaries by NOT copying their work. By:Rosalinda C. Boundaries Boundaries are physical,emotional and mental limits we set to protect ourselves from being manipulated,used,or harmed by others.. SOURCEhttp://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1366&bih=679&tbm=isch&tbnid=Aii59CZFsWwt9 M:&imgrefurl=http://healthpsychologyconsultancy.wordpress.com/2012/03/10/boundaries-in-person-centred-counselling2/&docid=AKtoHXPyGFsCHM&imgurl=http://healthpsychologyconsultancy.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/boundaries.gif&w =346&h=285&ei=9cy_T5jRLbXsgLI3sHnCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=562&vpy=370&dur=401&hovh=138&hovw=167&tx=133&ty=65&sig=11779922711 7251949499&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=167&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:10,s:0,i:95 Jocelyn H Bystander: Bystanders are people who witness the actions of a bully and the reactions of the victim(s), without taking action. Noun Andrew was very disappointed when Alex videotaped the fight and was a bystander. He also didn't try to stop it or do anything. Created by: Alejandra Barron http://www1.cyfernet.org/hotnew/images/10-10bullybystander.jpg Citizenship Citizenship means being a member of and supporting your community and country. Citizens have both rights and responsibilities. By: Carlos Bystander Definition:Bystanders are people who witness the actions of the bully and the reactions of the victim(s), without taking action. Sentence: Bystanders passed by and didn't do anything about the fight. BY:Dulce O. bully:(noun) A person who uses strength or power to harm or intimidate those who are weaker. bully:(NOUN) a bully is someone who acts in an aggressive, hostile, or hurtful manner toward others. BULLY A bully doesn't care if she/he hurts someone else's feelings; that bully is just trying to feel powerful. By:Cristal http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&biw=1366&bih=667&gbv=2&tbm=isch &tbnid=ks9QZtCsrLq_vM:&imgrefurl=http://jlsii.com/%3Ftag%3Dbully&docid =pgYBW_8tk5bK5M&imgurl=http://jlsii.com/wpcontent/uploads/2011/12/bully.png&w=502&h=493&ei=kk28T7pBeeuiQKNu7DaDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=377&vpy=347&dur=110&hovh =222&hovw=227&tx=117&ty=131&sig=114063245340034845849&page=1& tbnh=141&tbnw=144&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:15,s:0,i:184 Cite: A reference which names the source of specific information which has been used. Exp. The images in my project are cited down below. Contributed by Alyssa http://barrackbooks.wikispaces.com/file/view/CITE_YOUR_SOURCES.jpeg/192512256/CITE_YOUR_SOURCES.jpeg Copyright Definition : Copyright is the owner’s legal right to reproduce, display, transmit, perform, and modify a work as well as the right to publicly perform a sound recording by digital transmission. A work is automatically copyrighted at the moment of creation, as long as it exists in a fixed, tangible form. You don’t have to use the © symbol for a work to by copyrighted. (Hobbs 2011) Sentence: I will respect everyone’s copyright and ask for their permission first. Creative Commons A Creative Commons license lets you decide how others may use your work. The Creative Commons license allows you to keep your copyright but also allow others to copy and distribute your work provided they give you credit and only on the conditions you specify. I got a picture from google and I gave credit to the owner of the picture because it said you could use the picture it you give credit to the creator. http://creativecommons.org/images/features /copyremix.gif Cyber-bullying Is the use of digital media tools such as the internet and cell phones deliberately and repeatedly hurt, harass, or embarrass someone else. People can cyberbully others through through the internet. For example, on facebook and twitter. By:Melissa R. Cyberbullying Cyberbullying is the use of digital media tools such as the Internet and cell phones to deliberately and repeatedly hurt, harass, or embarrass someone else. Lizbeth puts in FB: Eww Maria is so ugly & dumb, like if you agree. Elizabeth: Heyy you better stop that ,what you just post in FB & said about her is called cyberbullying. Image credit Contributed By Karla R. (Noun) National library of medicine recommended formats for bibliographic citation credits:http://www.olmospark.org/images/services/court/citation1.jpg Copyright Copyright is the legal right to produce, display, transmit, perform, and modify a work as well as the right to publicly perform a sound recording by digital transmission. A work is automatically copyrighted at the moment of creation, as long as it exists in a fixed, tangible form. My image for this glossary is copyrighted, all rights reserved. Copyrighted by Angel.j http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeblogs/3020966268/lightbox/ Digital Identity/Footprint A digital footprint is all of the information online about a person either posted by that person or others, intentionally or unintentionally. http://caseinsights.com/wp- Contributed By:Brian B. I check my digital footprint by googling myself. Contributed by:StephanieT. Downloading (Verb) Downloading is the process of transferring files from a website/Internet location down to your personal computer. Downloading can be either authorized or unauthorized by the content creator- and may contain malware. Beware ! It is Illegal to download movies off the internet. Contributed By:Esme R. http://www.treygunn.com/storage/blogimages/download_button.jpg?__SQUARESPACE_CACHEVERSION=1279584823746 Empathy Empathy (a top 21st century skill) is being aware of, sensitive to, and understanding what someone else is feeling or experiencing. is feeling or experiencing. After my little sister fell down, all of the years of hating and fighting vanished; so I showed some empathy and helped her. Contributed by Kevin N. Creative Commons PIcture(Empathy): http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3157/2935595582_07263d1e7e_z.jpg empathy (noun) (a top 21st century) is being aware of, sensivite to, and understanding what someone else is feeling or experiencing. Student 1 - How you feeling? Student 2 – Sad. Student 1 – Why? Student 2 – My best friend’s granpa died, and I’m sad for her. I know how much that hurts. Student 1 – I see that you have a lot of empathy for your friend. Image Credit: http://www.callcentrehelper.com/images/stories/Q22008/empathy.jpg Contributed By: Jose, with a lil help Emoticon(noun)A simple face, sometimes animated, that expresses an emotion. Emoticons let you show someone online how you are feeling. Aram: You like my emotican? Cristian: Why is it so sad? vhttps://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&hl=en&source=hp&biw=136 6&bih=679&q=emoticon&gbv=2&oq=emoticon&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&gs_ l=img.3..0l10.1534.5791.0.7302.9.8.0.184.108.40.206.906.1j1j3 Emoticon A simple face, sometimes animated, that expresses an emotion. Emoticons let you show someone online how you are feeling Contributed by: Brianna L. People use emoticons to express their inner feeling while sending a text message. http://image.shutterstock.com/display_pic_with_logo/96671/96671,1238240846,2/stock-vector-over-one-hundreddifferent-emoticons-27484561.jpg Fair(noun):Fair Useuse is the idea that copyright material may be quoted without the need for permission from or payment to the original source, provided that a citation is clearly given and that the material quoted is reasonable brief. http://theedublogger.com/files/2012/02/goog le-243lfpw.jpg Fair use helps give credit to the original author. Contributed by: Joseline.O Fair use (noun);Fair use is the idea that copyright material may be quoted without the need for permission from or payment to the original source, provided that a citation is clearly given and that the material quoted is reasonably brief My teacher said it was okay for her to show the video clip to the class because it was considered fair use. http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u112496/image_courtesy_freedomforip_dot_org.png FireWall (noun): A firewall is hardware or software that blocks or filters certain types of network traffic from reaching your computer Worker:I can't use that site, because they won't let it through the firewall. contributed by: julisa c. http://images.icanhascheezburger.com/completestore/2008/10/12/128683073140244909.jpg FireWall Noun: A Firewall is hardware or software that blocks or filters certain types of network traffic from reaching your computer. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/ 8/8b/Windows_Firewall_Vista_icon.png Contributed by Jose M. Flame(n): a deliberately mean-spirited message sent to others on the internet Don't ever send a flame, or you'll get into both friend and legal trouble; you've been warned. Credit: http://www.freefoto.com/images/04/04/04_0 4_7---Computer-Keyboard_web.jpg Contributed by: Adela C. Hacker Credits 1 Credits 2 Credits 3 Credits 4 Hacker: A hacker is someone who accesses computer information without permission. Harassment (Noun) To annoy someone repeatedly. For example, cursing at, following, or moking someone online. Harassment can be verbal and physical Image credit (creative commons) http://thewip.net/contributors/Leer- By: Ivan P. Harassment Image Credits To annoy someone repeatedly. For example, cursing at, following, or mocking someone online. A term for the actual computer equipment and related machines or computer parts. I'm having a computer problem, I don't know if it's the computer hardware or the software problem! Contributed by: Fabiola H. http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&biw=1366&bih=679&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=f4wt21Gjh2CFlM:&imgrefurl=http://seudolab.com/201 2/04/30/technology/basic-of-software-and-hardware/attachment/pc-hardware/&docid=B3tLPi0JF1h3FM&imgurl=http://seudolab.com/wpcontent/uploads/2012/04/pchardware.jpg&w=487&h=407&ei=y8q7T8X5J5PQiAKvtKGTDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1080&vpy=183&dur=376&hovh=205&hovw=246&t x=187&ty=139&sig=105878634908238057951&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=192&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0,i:149 Identify Theft (Noun):A crime that happens when someone gets the personal information (credit card, social security number bank account number) of another person usually to steal money. There are many people that has lost their identity for losing their social security number or their credit card. Contributed by:Sonia A. http://newportoregon.gov/dept/npd/images/id-theft.jpg contributed by; Jasmine Credit Image Intellectual property Intellectual property includes art, books, inventions, magazines, movies, music, performances, reports, software, stories created by you or by others. Intellectual property can be created by anyone. For example they can make art, books, inventions ect. Contributed by:Edgardo P. Jeopardize -To put something at risk or in danger. http://www.techspot.com/blog/wpcontent/uploads/2009/02/drm-not.jpg KEY WORD A word you use when looking for information on a search engine (google,yahoo,etc.) It is better to use a specific keyword while searching so you could find exactly what you're looking for. https://encryptedtbn0.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQGCBnnCm0 AXYRGg_6Fe1SZ87cU6hapn4S4e7g2KkQVhSsn5A7 Listserve An online list that allows users to send e-mail to one address, where messages are then copied and sent to all of the people on the list. http://www.examiner.com/sites/de fault/files/styles/large_lightbox/has h/1332363839_listserv.jpg Listserv is useful when you are trying to send a message to multiple people. contributed by: Mariela G. http://askbobrankin.com/malicious_software_removal_tool.html Listserv An online list that allows users to send email to one address, where messages are then copied and then sent to all of the people on the list Person 1:Are you a member of any listservs? By: Jenny S. Person 2: Actually, I’m on 3 different listservs. It’s really useful! http://findicons.com/files/icons/1676/primo/128/em ail_open.png Malware:(noun) Stands for malicious software or code, which includes any harmful code- trojans, worms, spyware, adware, ect.- that is designed to damage the computer or collect information. http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&saf e=active&biw=1366&bih=679&tbm=isch&tbnid=4 TVsvno9MePHVM:&imgrefurl=http://broadbandan dsocialjustice.org/wpontent/uploads/2011/05/&docid=eGjY7EHTkxVz QM&imgurl=http://broadbandandsocialjustice.org/ wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Malware-GoogleCreativeCommons.png&w=227&h=209&ei=7My7T8uOomPigLc2P2XDg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=572&si g=112126823673307578797&page=1&tbnh=141 &tbnw=153&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:16,s: If you CLICK on popups you might end up with MALWARE in your computer. By:Cristal Media Literacy Definition:Media Literacy is the ability to access, analyze, evaluate and create media in a variety of forms. Sentence: Yesterday we had a test to measure our media literacy skills. By:Dulce Netiquette Courtesy,honesty, and polite behavior practice on the internet. One example of netiquette is not TYPING ALL IN CAPS because it look like you're shouting. Contributed by Alyssa http://wings.avkids.com/SPIT/Images/netiquette.gif Understanding netiquetteguidelines when communicating on the World Wide Web with friends credits:http://www.bestsolver.com/wpcontent/uploads/2011/01/Netiquette.jpg Open Source I have used many open sources, For example I have used Firefox and the Android Market Connected to my phone. By:Carlos A. https://encrypted-tbn2.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTxZU2Xi6tXEn5R9W3s-CKy0FCj7C14U4FRSeCLFrkyK1EaWM-fDZsrMw Password The secret word you use when signing into the Internet or an online service that helps to confirm your indentity. I need to enter the password on the computer to enter my google docs. Copyrighted by Angel.J http://blogs.earthlink.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/password.jpg by: joaquin a person who commits an illegal criminal, or evil act Grandma: Help, that guy stole my purse! Citizen: I will catch that perpetrator... http://www.readbangkokpost.com/images/perpetrator.jpg Perpetrator Perpetrator is another word for bullying There are perpetrators in our school beating up kids. Contributed By Damian F. https://encrypted-tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQAEymSTVKXDhMJGIQQGpuInOjCTd-F5Rpqhwtt2skCX8V-YPpR Phishing Be careful with a bank account email it might Phishing is a con game that scammers use to collect be phishing. personal information from unsuspecting users. The false emails often look surprisingly legitimate, and even the Web pages where you are asked to enter your information may look real. However, the URL in the address field can tell you if the page you have been directed to is valid or not. Image Credits Contributed By Karla R. Image Credits Plagiarism (n.) When someone uses another person's work and takes all the credit Student: Let me copy your math HW. Other Student: No. I won’t let you plagiarize my work! Contributed by: Daniel.S http://www.bradfordvts.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/plagiarismdefined.jpg Precautions(noun)Precautio ns are actions taken in advance to protect against possible danger,failure, or injury, a safeguard Aram: Dude, do you still have the answers for the test that you took? ‘Cause I gotta take it in an hour. Cristian: Nah, foo.Take some precautions. I don't want you to get into trouble. You know that’s wrong. https://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&hl=en&source=hp&biw=1366& bih=679&q=emoticon&gbv=2&oq=emoticon&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=&gs_l=im g.3..0l10.1534.5791.0.7302.9.8.0.220.127.116.11.906.1j1 Piracy, (noun) Pirating Piracy is theft of intellectual property - in other words, stealing what does not belong to you. Piracy is when a person steals other people’s work and pretend it's their own. http://caseyhendrickson.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/piracy.jp (verb) Plagiarism Plagiarism is using someone else's words or ideas and passing them off as your own. Plagiarism is both illegal and wrong. Contributed By:Esme R. http://sociology.camden.rutgers.edu/jfm/plagiarism/plagiari.jpg Predator One who stalks or uses lies, secrecy, or stealth, to get close enough to another person in order to easily hurt or harm them. Usually http://i.ytimg.com/vi/zYI_ZlUSKyc/0.jpg an adult. When someone random and unknown person messages you, there is a possibility it can be a predator. Contributed by Kevin N. hhttp://i.ytimg.com/vi/zYI_ZlUSKyc/0.jp gttp://i.ytimg.com/vi/zYI_ZlUSKyc/0.jpg Privacy(noun):Privacy is your right to determine what information you would like others to know about you. http://www.princeton.edu/~ddix/images/priv acy%20comp.jpg A lot of websites have privacy settings. Contributed by: Joseline. o PSA A public service anouncement.A short 30-90 second video That seeks to inform or educate the public about an important health issue. http://image.shutterstock.com/display_pic_with_logo/241354/241354,1298 841582,2/stock-vector-vector-black-and-white-camera-strip-72086812.jpg Contributed by Jose M. Search Engine(noun):A program that searches information on the web by looking for specific keywords. Which search engine is better.Google,Bing,or Yahoo? contributed by: julisa c. https://encrypted-tbn0.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTX29namS4AYa4ADsH-GyS8cdA1SExyf65DA4EnE7KkNh5ehKOig Is respecting those who are different from you. Contributed by: Fabiola H. http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1024&bih=677&tbm=isch&tbnid=_OjwiLBEjg8zKM:&imgrefurl=http://nacelayp.c om/2010/11/16/international-day-fortolerance/&docid=m4XjbI5Ywxg0qM&imgurl=http://nacelayp.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/tolerance.jpg&w=400&h=300&ei=vPu6T4SwM O_XiAKxxenzDQ&zoom=1 Search Engine (N): a program that searches information on the web by looking for specific keywords There are several search engines; my favorites are Google, Bing, and Yahoo. Credit: http://images.cdn.fotopedia.com/flickr527999355-hd.jpg Contributed by: Adela C. Software Patches Software patch can be an upgrade (adding more features), a bug fix, a new hardware driver or update to address new issues such as security or stability problems. Did you download the latest software patch for your program? http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2293/1961585910_e93fcb2 b8e.jpg Spyware is software that goes on your computer without your knowledge and steals private information Spyware Installing anti-virus software can protect your computer from spyware. Image Credits Spyware (Noun)Spyware is a software that goes on your computer without your knowledge and steals private information. There might be spyware going through your computer right now that you might not even know about! Contributed by:Sonia A. http://www.hansonline.eu/service/image/spyware.gif troll (noun): a person who makes negative comments online (e.g. on YouTube) Omar: "Hey, Graciela, don't you hate it when people act like trolls and write mean comments online?" Graciela: "Yeah, why they gotta hate? Oughta appreciate..." Contributed by N.B. Image credit (Creative Commons): https://encryptedtbn2.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ7qyw245heWee6RrbxnEP43ngpT82grlkxx-tFbtjnH67zAI2 Upstander Honesty is the best way to start a new life as an Upstander. Don't be scared, be aware !!!! :D Credit A victim is someone who is harmed by another person or persons No one should be a victim because that is just sad and wrong. By: Maria E. http://nisha.qwriting.org/files/2010/05/Cyber-bullying.jpg • Virus: a program that duplicates itself and spreads throughout your computer destroying files, changing data, hogging all your memory or doing anything that is possible with a computer program. Viruses only damage software not hardware. When your computer has a virus it will right away start destroying your files and it will slow down your computer. http://www.techtricksworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/virus-detected.jpg Virus(n): A virus is a program that duplicates itself and spreads throughout your computer destroying files, changing data hogging all your memory, or doing anything that is possible with a computer program. Viruses only damage software, not hardware. In order to prevent a virus like a trojan horse, a person must purchase an anti-virus software. Contributed by: Adela C. Credit: https://encryptedtbn0.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT4orvwIgy_A7EzOp 5iZgGoo_JvvToDMqDLoq85Gl_8Uc8BDwQZ ttp://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=679&tbm=isch&tbnid=0g4VlzYqtlFG4M:&imgrefurl=http://www.mxsweep.com/blog/bid/53978/Your-EmailSecurity-is-Compromised-by-Web-20&docid=jf6IDt5Z9aMvCM&imgurl=http://www.mxsweep.com/Portals/67458/images/feb%25252022%252520internet%252520worm.jpg&w=263&h=350&ei=o8e_T7ziA_TjsQ Kzz83aCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=625&vpy=155&dur=1769&hovh=259&hovw=195&tx=114&ty=140&sig=116365599276645442430&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=99&start=0& ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:91 Worm Definition(Noun): A computer worm is a virus that can replicate itself, but does not change any files on your machine. My computer has a lot of WORMS and now I can’t save anything to it. https://courses.cit.cornell.edu/cs101j/module 1/assignments/a1computervirus/Computer_ Worm.jpg By: Ernesto M.