5 - CMDR COE

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MINISTRY OF INTERIOR
CHIEF DIRECTORATE FIRE SAFETY AND
CIVIL PROTECTION
LAW ON THE MoI
CHIEF DIRECTORATE FIRE SAFETY AND
CIVIL PROTECTION - MoI
With the amendments to the Law on the Ministry of Interior
(promulg. Official Gazette No 88 of 9 November 2010) the Chief
Directorate Fire Safety and Rescue and the Chief Directorate Civil
Protection were integrated in a new structure Chief Directorate Fire
Safety and Civil Protection .
According to the art. 52 g of the Law on the MoI the tasks of the
integrated CD FSCP are:
„(1) The Chief Directorate Fire Safety and Civil Protection is a national
specialized structure of the MoI for ensuring fire safety, rescue and
protection in case of disasters under the terms and provisions of this
Law and the Disaster Protection Law” .
CHIEF DIRECTORATE FIRE SAFETY AND
CIVIL PROTECTION - MoI
Implements:
• Prevention and control; fire distinguishing and state antifire control,
rescue activities;
• Authorization and control activities of traders operating in fire
safety in premises and / or operation of facilities and equipment
related to fire safety;
• Authorization and control activity of products for fire extinguishinh
in regards to their effectiveness;
• Emergency rescue and recovery activities, operational protection in
case of floods and search and rescue operations;
• CBRN protection in case of incidents and accidents with dangerous
substances and materials and mitigation of ecological incidents;
• Early warning and announcement in case of disasters and aerial
danger of the executive authorities and the population;
• Protection of the population in case of “wartime” or “emergency
situation” in compliance with the Geneva Conventions;
• Assistance in the activities of the Interagency Commission for
recovery and relief to the Council of Ministers;
• Methodical and expert support for disaster protection to the
territorial executive authorities;
• Operational cooperation with the EU and NATO structures and other
international organizations in the field of fire safety and protection
of the population, humanitarian aid and civil-military emergency
planning.
MAIN ACTIVITIES
FIREFIGHTING ACTIVITY INCLUDES:
• immediate dispatching of personnel
and equipment in case of received fire
information;
• situation analysis and assessment;
• determination of methods, ways and
means of firefighting;
• development of fire liquidation plans;
• fires restraint and liquidation.
Rescue activities cover:
• Immediate deployment of forces and equipment in case of fires, disasters and
emergency situations;
• Analysis and assessment of the situation;
• Rescue people and property;
• Render first aid to the victims;
• Organizing the transportation of injured to the hospitals.
EMERGENCY PLANNING
Main part of prevention is the
adequate emergency planning.
CD FSCP elaborates National disaster protection plan, which
includes plans in case of:
- Floods
- Earthquakes
- Winter storms and ice sliding
- Oil products spill
- Fires
- Industrial incidents
- Radiological incidents
- Biological contamination.
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
CD FSCP realizes an active cooperation with international, regional
and bilateral organizations.
- European union – PROCIV working group to the Council of the EU,
Emergency responsible center of DG ECHO, DG HOME, Civil
Protection Committee to the EC
- Council of Europe – European and Mediterranean Major Hazards
Agreement (EUR-OPA)
-NATO – Civil emergency planning committee, Civil Protection Group,
and Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC)
- UN –UN OCHA, UN ISDR
-Organization for prohibition of chemical weapons.
- Bilateral agreements.
NATO
Cooperation
• In cooperation with the representative of the Ministry of Interior in the
Permanent Delegation of the Republic of Bulgaria in NATO, CD FSCP
coordinates and participates in the work of the Committee for Civil
Emergency Planning (CEPC) and the Group of Civil Protection (CPG);
• Participation in the political-military NATO exercise in crisis management
(CMX) in collaboration with the Ministry of Defense and Ministry of
Foreign Affairs;
• CD FSCP as part of the structure of the Ministry of Interior has qualified
and trained civilian experts in the field of civil protection and rapid
emergency response and declares willingness after 2014 to provide
employees stabilization and restoration of NATO.
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
CD FSCP has 3 registered modules (Medium urban search and rescue – MUSAR,
Module for search and rescue in contaminated area – SAR in CBRN and Ground forest
fires fighting module (GFFF), to the European Commission, for urgent operations
outside the territory of the state, the EU and in third countries.
INTERNATIONAL EXERCISES
Since 2004 Bulgaria took part in numerous practical field exercises of
European Union and NATO:
2004 – EUDREX in Austria
2006 – EU TACOM SEE – hosted in Bulgaria
2007 – NATO IDASSA in Croatia
2008 – EU HUROMEX in Hungary and Romania
2009 – EU DANUBIUS in Romania
2010 – EU EVROS in Greece, NATO IZMIR in Turkey
2011 – EU MODEX in Germany; NATO CODRII in Moldova
2013 – EU MODEX in Montana, Bulgaria
2013 – EU TARANIS in Salsburg, Austria
INTERNATIONAL FIRE AND RESCUE ACTIVITIES
Serbia – april
2004 г. Bus Crash
in River Lim
Greece augustseptember 2007 г.
Forest fire
Turkey – 2004 г. –
SAR operation after
sinking of HERA
Russia - august
2010 г. – forest fire
Turkey - august 1999 г.
earthquake
Iran, Bam - december –
2003 г.- earthquake
Israel – december 2010 г. –
forest fire
NOC
In the National operations center (NOC) of CD FSCP-MoI information from
ministries, agencies, regional administrations and units of CD FSCP is
collected regarding:
• Disasters and emergencies within and outside the territory of the state
(earthquakes, floods, stormy winds and of the natural and man-made).
• Potential hazards for various disasters (monitoring).
• Status of risky and potentially dangerous facilities on the territory of the
state.
• Level of radiation (for the state and NPP Kozloduy).
• Status of dams on the territory of the state.
• Water level and status of Danube river.
• Status and level of contamination of the environment.
• Meteorological situation and forecasts.
• Status of the road system and infrastructure in case of disaster.
24/7 PoC
Situation center of CD FSCP – MoI is a point of contact with:
-
Monitoring and Information Center (MIC)
DG Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO)
Situation center of the Council of the EU (SITCEN)
DG Internal affairs (DG HOME)
(for protection of the critical infrastructure)
-
Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC)
-
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA)
-
UN Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE)
-
Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Initiative for SEE (DPPI SEE)
Civil-Military Emergency Planning Council (CMEP)
AEROSPACE MONITORING CENTER (AMC)
The National Operations Center maintains
constant contact with the Aerospace monitoring
center as the information for the disasters,
weather forecasts and etc. is sent to all regional
structures of CD FSCP, regional governors,
mayors, energy delivering plants, and all bodies
of local and executive authorities responsible for
the rescue and recovery activities.
AMC is a point of contact for applying of the
Project for Global monitoring of the environment
and security of EC in the part of Response in
emergencies.
CENTER FOR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
Montana
Main functions:
• Training of rescuers for professional qualification “Rescuer in case of disasters,
accidents and catastrophes” / license № 200512276/ from 2005;
• Specialized training on radiation protection / license serial ОЕ, № 02464 / from
06.06.2008/;
• Training on external programs;
International NATO CBRN Programme
• Organizing and conducting of regional, national and international exercises;
• Conducting methodological activities.
NATO
Cooperation
As part of a network of training centers NATO CBRN training center
GD FSCP in Montana hosted two international courses for instructors of
first responders under the Program for nuclear, chemical and biological
protection (CBRN). This year, to be held the third course in October.
Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Bulgaria supports training center
GD FSCP with external speakers system and sanitary preparation (DECON
XII) to conduct the practical exercises;
As a result of a request made in 2009 by NATO forces in Kosovo
(KFOR) to all allies to support the training of security forces in Kosovo
(CCK) in the field of civil protection, disaster response and fire safety in the
Student Center CD FSCP - Interior in Montana was held a course on
"Rescue operations in automobile accidents" in October 2011 for
members of security forces in Kosovo, because of the geographical
proximity of our country to Kosovo and our commitment as a member
state EU and NATO to contribute to stability in the region, Bulgaria decided
to continue the training of security forces in Kosovo.
STRATEGY
Volunteers
According to the integral indicator that takes into account the
average number of volunteers per 1,000, Bulgaria ranks 27 among 30
countries according to the International Association of Fire and Rescue
Service (CTIF). To reach the average level of security is necessary to
increase the number of firefighters and rescuers, the most effective and
economically viable is to make it through the development of effective
voluntary units in the municipalities.
To achieve these goals, and the revival of volunteering was
developed and adopted Development Strategy voluntary units for disaster
protection, fire and other emergencies on the territory of the Republic of
Bulgaria, which has a range of action 2012 - 2020 г.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
CHIEF DIRECTORATE FIRE SAFETY AND CIVIL PROTECTION – MoI
171 A Pirotska Str., Sofia 1309, Bulgaria
Tel.: +359.2.982.12.52; Fax: +359.2.822.01.53;
E-mail: [email protected]
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