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ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to
Implementation using UML
Frank Beusenberg
Senior Technical Consultant
Theory vs. Practice
The difference between
theory and practice is that, in
theory, there is no difference
between theory and practice.
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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© 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Shu-Ha-Ri
Shu
Ha
Ri
- Learning
- Understanding
- Be creative
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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© 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Agenda
 Introduction
 UML 2.0 Diagrams
 Use Case View
 Logical View
 Dynamic View
 Implementation View
 Demonstration
 Q&A
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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© 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Introduction
What is UML? Facts
 UML = Unified Modeling Language
 First UML spec in 1997
 Current version = 2.0
• Object Management Group (OMG)
 Graphical language
• Object Oriented in nature
• Has syntax rules
• Can be extended using stereotypes
 NOT a methodology!
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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© 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Introduction
What is UML?
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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© 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Introduction
Why model?



Manage complexity
Mitigate risk
Facilitate communication

Modeling provides ability to visualize entire systems,
assess options and designs
• Software has grown from do-it-yourself into highly
complex systems
• Software is integral part of business process, so has to
be well planned
• Software has become capital equipment that cannot
just be removed/changed
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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© 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Introduction
Why use UML?
 Specify, visualize, and document models of
software systems
• Current and new systems
• Structure and design
• Behavior and interaction
 De facto standard (Tool Support!)
 Unambiguous and consistent notation
 Documentation
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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© 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Agenda
 Introduction
 UML 2.0 Diagrams
 Use Case View
 Logical View
 Dynamic View
 Implementation View
 Demonstration
 Q&A
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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© 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML 2.0 Diagrams
UML 2.0 Types of Diagrams – Behavior Diagrams
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
10 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML 2.0 Behavioral Diagrams
UML Use Case Diagram
 Describes the functional requirements of the
system
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
11 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML 2.0 Behavioral Diagrams
UML Activity Diagram
 Describe
procedural logic,
business
processes and
workflow
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
12 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML 2.0 Behavioral Diagrams
UML Sequence Diagram
 Describes the message flow between objects
in chronological order
sd Serv ice Manager - Component Creation
«interface»
«interface»
«interface»
Interfaces::IServiceManager
Interfaces::ISecurityManager
Interfaces::IComponentFactory
Component::Component
System
Reference= startService(logicalName,componentType)
Authorized= isAuthorized()
alt Authorized
[TRUE]
Reference= Check Local Cache for Component
alt Component Started
[No]
Reference= createInstance(componentName,componentType)
Create
(from Actors)
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
13 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML 2.0 Diagrams
UML 2.0 Types of Diagrams – Structure Diagrams
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
14 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML 2.0 Structural Diagrams
UML Class Diagram
 Captures logical structure of system
cd Ev aluate Testdriv e
Class Name
+
#
~
Private Attribute: integer
Public Attribute: character
Protected Attribute: logical
Package Attribute: decimal
+
#
~
Private Operation(character, logical) : void
Public Operation() : void
Protected Operation() : void
Package Operation() : void
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
15 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML 2.0 Structural Diagrams
UML Component Diagram
 Illustrates the pieces of software that will
make up a system.
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
16 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML 2.0 Structural Diagrams
UML Deployment Diagram
 Shows how and where the system will be
deployed.
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
17 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
UML Modeling
Logical View
Implementation View
id Business Entity (Client)
cd Users
«Include»
Business Entities::Employee
+
+
+
+
+
+
1 +
+
+
+
+
+
Architecture Entities::User
-
UserEmail: CHARACTER
UserLogin: CHARACTER
1
UserPassword: CHARACTER
0..*
+
+
+
+
+
+
1
Architecture Entities::UserGroups
-
Address: CHARACTER
City: CHARACTER
email: CHARACTER
EmployeeLanguage: CHARACTER
employmentEndDate: DATETIME-TZ
employmentStartDate: DATE
FirstName: CHARACTER
LastName: CHARACTER
MobilePhoneNumber: CHARACTER
Notes: CHARACTER
0..*
PhoneNumber: CHARACTER
Position: CHARACTER
PostCode: CHARACTER
dsXxx.i
includes
-
DEFINE DATASET <dataset-def>:
includes
«includes»
ttContext.i
Description: CHARACTER
Language: CHARACTER
createEmployee() : void
deleteEmployee() : void
findEmployee() : void
isAvailable() : LOGICAL
updateEmployee() : void
validateEmployee() : void
«Program»
«include»
Architecture Entities::
Language
1 -
«includes»
ClientXxx.p
«Include»
etXxx.i
Use Case View
includes
«Include»
proSIproxyStart.i
ud Manage Employees
-
UserGroupDescription: CHARACTER
UserGroupName: CHARACTER
NEW GLOBAL SHARED VARIABLE ghProxySIproc:
«realize PERSISTENT»
AutoEdge System
Brow se Employees
«Program»
proSIproxy.p
«use»
Delete Employee
-
NEW GLOBAL SHARED VARIABLE ghttProxySIproc: HANDLE
+
+
fetchWhere(CHARACTER, HANDLE, DATASET-HANDLE*) : void
saveChanges(CHARACTER, HANDLE, CHARACTER*) : void
«use»
Update Employee
Dynamic View
Deployment View
Manager
(from Actors)
«include»
sd Login
Create Employee
Client
Server Gateway
Security
«extend»
Create User
Session Context
dd Integration
Request("Security", "Login", ...)
HQ System
isValidUser(Login, password)
ValidUser
Sonic
[if Valid User]: createSession
sessionID
Sonic
Dealer
System 1
Sonic
Dealer
System 2
Sonic
Dealer
System 3
Sonic
Dealer
System n
[if valid user]: sessionID
(from Architecture Components)
(from Architecture Components)
(from Architecture Components)
(from Architecture Components)
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
18 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Model-Driven Architecture (MDA)
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
19 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Agenda
 Introduction
 UML 2.0 Diagrams
 Use Case View
 Logical View
 Dynamic View
 Implementation View
 Demonstration
 Q&A
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
20 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Use Case View
Describing system functionality
 Gathering requirements
• Functional & non-functional requirements
 Document functional requirements
• UML Use Case Diagram
• Use Case Description Documents
 Identify actor(s) and association to use case
 Create different levels of use cases (re-use!)
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
21 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Use Case View
Use Case Packages
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
22 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Use Case View
ud Testdriv e Appointment Maintenance
Use Case Diagram
AutoPark Testdrive Maintenance
Manage test driv e
appointments
Sales Person
(from Actors)
Print and send
testdriv e inv itation
Print list of
testdriv e
appointments
Administrativ e Person
(from Actors)
Process
ev aluation form
Process TestDriv e
Request
«extend»
Manage Customers
(from Testdrive Person Maintenance)
Request TestDriv e
Customer
(from Actors)
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
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AutoPark - Use Case View
Describing use case scenario(s)
 Scenario = Use Case Activity Flow
 Basic Scenario
 Alternate Scenario(s)
 UML Activity Diagram
• Describe what happens, now how!
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
24 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Use Case View
ad Activ ity Diagram - Process TestDriv e Request
ad Activ ity Diagram - Process Request
Process TestDrive Request Start
Activity Diagram
Display List of Requests
«UserActivity»
Select Request to process
and rev iew
[Action = PROCESS]
Process Request Start
Validate User
Business Request?
[Business Request = NO]
[BusinessRequest = YES]
Create TestDriv e
Appointment
Create TestDriv e Request
XML File
Process Request
[Action = REJECT]
Delete Request
Process Request End
Process TestDrive Request
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
25 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Use Case View
Creating Test Scenarios
 Identify paths in activity diagram
 Create minimal test-scenarios (using each
path once)
 Create all possible test-scenarios (combining
all paths to create unique scenarios)
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
26 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Agenda
cd Logical View
Ev aluation
 Introduction
 UML 2.0 Diagrams
 Use Case View
 Logical View
 Dynamic View
 Implementation View
 Demonstration
 Q&A
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
-
EvalCustomer: name
EvalDate: date
EvalScore: number 1-10
+
validateEvaluation() : void
Testdriv e
-
TestdriveDate: date
TestdriveCustomer: customer
TestdriveEmployee: employee
TestdriveCar: car
27 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Logical View
Designing The System Structure
 Identify entities/things used in use case
•
•
•
•
Identify attributes
Identify operations
Identify entity relations
Identify multiplicity
 Create class diagram
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
28 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Logical View
cd Logical Data Model - Process TestDriv e Requests
Class Diagram
Request TestDriv e::Request
Manage TestDriv e Appointments::
TestDriv e
-
Date: DATE
EvalForm: LOGICAL
currentCar: Car
currentPerson: Person
+
+
+
+
+
+
createTestDrive() : LOGICAL
deleteTestDrive() : LOGICAL
readTestDrive() : CHARACTER
updateTestDrive() : LOGICAL
findTestDrive() : CHARACTER
validateTestDrive() : LOGICAL
-
FirstName: CHARACTER
LastName: CHARACTER
Email: CHARACTER
PhoneNumber: CHARACTER
BirthDate: DATE
LicenseDate: DATE
Brand: CHARACTER
Model: CHARACTER
Version: CHARACTER
Engine: CHARACTER
Business: LOGICAL
+
+
+
+
createRequest() : LOGICAL
deleteRequest() : LOGICAL
readRequest() : CHARACTER
findRequest() : CHARACTER
0..*
0..*
1
1
Manage Cars::Car
-
Brand: CHARACTER
Model: CHARACTER
Version: CHARACTER
Color: CHARACTER
Engine: CHARACTER
Fuel: CHARACTER
Description: CHARACTER
AvailForTD: LOGICAL
DateAdded: DATE
+
+
+
+
+
+
createCar() : LOGICAL
deleteCar() : LOGICAL
readCar() : CHARACTER
updateCar() : LOGICAL
findCar() : CHARACTER
validateCar() : LOGICAL
Manage Customers::Person
-
FirstName: CHARACTER
LastName: CHARACTER
PhoneNumber: CHARACTER
BirthDate: DATE
LicenseDate: DATE
+
+
+
+
+
+
createCustomer() : LOGICAL
deleteCustomer() : LOGICAL
updateCustomer() : LOGICAL
readCustomer() : CHARACTER
findCustomer() : CHARACTER
validateCustomer() : LOGICAL
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
29 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Logical View
Patterns
 "A pattern is a proven solution to a problem in
a context."
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
30 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Agenda
 Introduction
 UML 2.0 Diagrams
 Requirements
 Logical View
 Dynamic View
 Implementation View
 Demonstration
 Q&A
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
31 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Dynamic View
Describing Behavior
 Identify objects involved
 Identify interactions (messages)
• Use public operations
 Describe how things work
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
32 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Dynamic View
Describing Behavior
e Diagram - Process TestDriv e Request (Client)
Client
Server
«interface»
Administrative Person
Viewer
Control
Entity
Request BE
Process TestDrive
Request::IProcessTDRequest
listRequests
showSelectScreen
getRequests
getRequests
selectRequest
showRequestDetails
getRequestDetails
getRequestDetails
alt v alid request
[true]
acceptRequest(request)
processRequest(request)
processRequest(request)
deleteRequest(request)
[false]
rejectRequest(request)
deleteRequest(request)
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using
UML
33 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Agenda
 Introduction
 UML 2.0 Diagrams
 Requirements
 Logical View
 Dynamic View
 Implementation View
 Demonstration
 Q&A
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
34 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
AutoPark - Implementation View
id Manage Customers
Name:
Package:
Version:
Author:
Manage Customers
Manage Customers
1.0
Frank Beusenberg
«realize»
Manage Customers::CustomerMaintenanceView
CustomerMaintenanceView .w
«realize»
CustomerMaintenanceControl
CustomerMaintenanceModel
«include»
ttContext.i
CustomerMaintenanceControl.p
«includes»
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
«realize»
onValueChangedBrwsCustomer() : void
onChooseBtnAdd() : void
onChooseBtnModify() : void
onChooseBtnDelete() : void
onChooseButtonOK() : void
onChooseBtnCancel() : void
onChooseBtnHelp() : void
onChooseBtnDone() : void
+
+
+
+
+
«Include»
dsPerson.i
-
«includes»
CustomerMaintenanceModel.p
addCustomer() : void
deleteCustomer() : void
modifyCustomer() : void
commitCustomer() : void
getCustomer() : void
«includes»
«includes»
DEFINE DATASET Person:
«Include»
proSIproxyStart.i
includes
-
NEW GLOBAL SHARED VARIABLE ghProxySIproc:
«realize PERSISTENT»
«Include»
etPerson.i
«Program»
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
proSIproxy.p
35 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Agenda
 Introduction
 UML 2.0 Diagrams
 Requirements
 Logical View
 Dynamic View
 Implementation View
 Demonstration
 Q&A
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
36 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Demonstration
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
37 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
In Summary
 Model & Design
• Manage complexity
• Minimize risk
• Facilitate
communication
 Use UML
• De facto standard
• Unambiguous
• Documentation
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
38 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
For More Information, go to…
Relevant Exchange Sessions
 ARCH-6: UML Modeling with Enterprise
Architect
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
39 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
For More Information, go to…
Relevant Web Resources
 Object Management Group
• http://www.omg.org
 Hillside.net Patterns Library
• http://hillside.net/patterns
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
40 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
For More Information, go to…
Relevant Literature
 Addison-Wesley Object Technology Series
 UML Distilled Third Edition
• Martin Fowler – ISBN 0-321-19368-7
 Use Case Driven Object Modeling with
UML
• Doug Rosenberg – ISBN 0-201-43289-7
 Developing Software with UML
• Bernd Oestereich – ISBN 0-201-75603-X
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
41 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Questions?
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
42 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
Thank you for
your time
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
43 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
ARCH-2: UML 101 - From Design to Implementation using UML
44 © 2006 Progress Software Corporation
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