Investigations in the Correctional Environment

Investigations in the Correctional
The Prison Environment
• A changing, more complex and difficult to manage
offender population
• Increased operational requirements due to illicit drug
use, trafficking, gang activity, and
• Antiquated infrastructure and security equipment
Who are the Inmates?
• Extensive histories of violence and violent crimes
• Previous youth and adult convictions, affiliations with
gangs and organized crime,
• Higher rates of infection of Hepatitis C and Human
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV);
• Disproportionate representation of Aboriginal people
• Serious substance abuse histories
• Serious mental health disorders
Strategic Objective
Improving CSC’s safety and security infrastructure,
capacity and operations by:
• More stringent control of entry to institutions,
perimeter controls, searching and offender visits
• Expansion of detector dog teams
• Stronger security intelligence capacity
• Improved correctional officer training, and
• Better equipment, electronics to support safety and
security initiatives
The Investigative Process
• Aimed at operational improvement, not discipline
based (a separate process applies)
• Competent senior managers investigators
• Dedicated capacity
• Consistent ant transparent reporting
• Clear timeframes, corrective measures and
• Tracking of all commitments
Investigative Process (6 months *)
Collect incident data 2 weeks *
Convene investigation 3 weeks *
Conduct investigation 11 weeks *
Review, distribute, corrective measures 7 weeks *
Review, acceptance by senior management 4-6 weeks
Verify implementation of actions
Closure of the investigative file
Fiscal Year 2007-2008:
• 89 national investigations
• 57 death or “serious bodily injury”
* local investigations not counted here
Types of Incidents Investigated
• Assault and multiple use of force against an inmate
• Assault, forcible confinement of a staff member
• Death, suicide, attempts, serious bodily injuries
• Hostage taking in the institution
• Alleged inappropriate injections of inmates
• Major disturbance and Inmate Injuries
• Escapes
• Overdoses
Types of Incidents Investigated
• Death: suicide, overdose, murder
• Hostage taking, forcible confinement, kidnapping
• Assault with a weapon
• Attempted murder, accessory to..
• Indignity to a body, sexual assault
• Robbery, drug trafficking, weapons offences
* 38 Deaths-Natural Cause grouped into three investigations
Infrastructure – Security Systems
Perimeter intrusion systems
Keeping inmates in
Keeping drugs out
Inmate control of movement
Searching and detection
Intelligence gathering (81 staff to169 by 2012)
Staff Safety Systems
Post assignment
Surveillance and cameras
Personal portable alarms
Protective equipment
Specialized units
Lethal force
Inmate Safety
Classification and security levels
Counts rounds and supervision
Work and program assignment
Compatibles and incompatibles
Behavioural contracts
Security intelligence
Public Safety
Supervision teams
Electronic monitoring
Urinalysis testing
Police surveillance
Circles of Support and Accountability
Parole officer emergency response equipment
Technology, Deployment, Training
and Threats
Secure control - detection systems
• Perimeter (PIDS), infra-red/low light imaging goggles
• High volume ‘walk-through’ drug detectors (pilot)
Ion scanners, CO2 detection devices, metal detectors
Drug dogs (46 to 126 teams by 2012)
Visitor database
Advanced cell phone detection and interception
systems, high resolution cameras, X-ray machines
• Safes for the storage of drugs, including methadone
New Deployment Standards:
• Additional multi-function support on the morning shift
in maximum security to increase response capacity
• Increase gallery supervision in maximum security
• Support additional detector dog handlers at all levels
• Enhance perimeter security patrols and 22 towers maximum and medium security institutions), and
• Relieve staff for delivery of additional training days
• Structured training related to safety and security and
gang management, and mental health orientation
• Interconnectivity among gangs in institutions and the
• Security reclassification of gang members
• Active role of Security Intelligence
• Community intelligence results (institutional vs.
community gangs)
• Employment and mobility of offenders with gang
affiliations in the community.
• Vulnerable mental health population
Impact of Investigations
• Identification of gaps in policies, training and
contingency plans
• Identification of emerging threats to infra-structure
and safe and secure custody
• Identification of emerging patterns of behaviour
• Corporate mitigation strategies to address corporate
risk profile
• Identification of risk factors that are unique,
undetectable, not perceived or unusual
Security Systems – Inherent Risks
Compromising of Security Systems by Inmates
• Ability to observe and analyse CSC systems and
structures over time
• Predictability of staff presence
• Repositioning of opportunities to compromise
systems (ie: scanners, visits, staff searches
contractors, perimeter..)
Security Systems – The Imperative
CSC must constantly assess and re-assess
their operating environment and secure the
necessary commitment (government, staff,
public, stakeholders) to provide for the
ongoing security structures that will ensure
that risk is managed in a fashion prescribed
and expected by Canadians.
Security, Systems, Staff and
Comments !!!
Security, Systems, Staff and
Thank You
Drury Allen
Director General
Incident Investigations Branch
The Correctional Service of Canada