EU and urban mobility

EU and urban mobility
Gabriel Vladut
European Commission
DG Mobility and Transport
CIVITAS Initiative
MODERN Project Coordinator
1. The starting point
Urban mobility is currently focused on passenger
cars, running on fossil fuels. Consequences:
 Many urban areas suffer from severe congestion
 Climate change issue: urban mobility accounts for
23% of CO2 emissions from transport
 Health issues related to ambient air quality (NOx,
PM emissions)
 Urban road accidents still account for some 40% of
all road fatalities (approx. 11,000 per year)
2. What the EU can do and does
• Transport is a competence of the Member States
and urban mobility is primarily a local responsibility
• But local authorities should not be left alone
• There is a long tradition of EU support:
Policy framework
Funding for implementation
Funding for research and innovation
Facilitating the exchange of experience and best practice
2.1 Policy framework
2.1.1 Action Plan on Urban Mobility (2009) - implemented
2.1.2. Transport White Paper (2011) – pending
• Halve the use of conventional (fossil fuel) vehicles in urban
areas by 2030, phase them out by 2050
• Achieve CO2 city logistics in major urban centers by 2030
2.1.3. Urban Mobility Package (Dec 2013) – published
Review of the Action Plan on Urban Mobility
Public consultation
Stakeholders consultations
Impact assessment study
2.1.3 The Urban Mobility Package
• Provides a basis for a continued debate across the EU
• Calls for action from the Member States
• Reinforces EU support
 Exchange of experience and best practice
 Funding for implementation
 Funding for research & innovation (Horizon 2020)
• Gives further help for cities to develop SUMPs
• Gives recommendations for coordinated action in
specific areas: Urban logistics, Urban access regulations, ITS
deployment in urban areas, Urban road safety
Transport Exchange of experience and best practice
• Setting up of an urban Mobility Scoreboard
• Setting up of a Member States Expert Group on
Urban Mobility
• Improvement of the ELTIS website
Transport Help for cities to develop SUMPs
Development of a SUMP can help a city to render
urban mobility more efficient and sustainable
• Member States are invited to:
• assess their current urban mobility and develop an approach
that ensures coordinated action at national, regional, and
local level
• review the tools put at their disposal, including the
concept/content and process for developing a SUMP that
was published as part of the Urban Mobility Package
Transport Coordinated action in urban logistics
Urban logistics is crucial for the functioning of
• Member States are invited to:
• Ensure that urban logistics is properly considered in their approach
to urban mobility and within SUMPs
• Create platforms for cooperation, exchange of data and
information, training, etc. for all actors of the logistics chains
• The Commission will:
• Improve the dissemination and uptake of urban logistics best
• Prepare, with experts, guidance documents that provide practical
assistance for improving urban logistics
• Facilitate procurement of clean vehicles, e.g. by improving the
Clean Vehicle Portal.
Transport Coordinated action in urban access
Increasing the number of urban access
regulations (e.g. green/environmental zones)
• Member States are invited to:
• Conduct a thorough review of the effectiveness of existing
• Provide a framework for local authorities to design, implement,
and evaluate urban access regulation schemes
• The Commission will:
• Foster an exchange with MS and experts on urban access
regulations across the Union, including conceptional foundations,
practical implementation, effectiveness and impacts
• Prepare, with experts, guidance that can help cities implement
access regulation schemes effectively.
Transport Coordinated action in urban ITS
ITS offers great potential for improved and new mobility
services and better infrastructure use
But needs: interoperability; integration; no gaps
• Member States are invited to:
• Follow the Guidelines prepared by the Urban ITS Expert Group
• Develop proper interfaces between urban and interurban transport
• Set up interoperable multimodal datasets gathering all information
about urban mobility.
• The Commission will:
• Review legislation on access to traffic and travel data
• Prepare specifications on Real-Time Traffic Information and
Multimodal Information Services, as foreseen by the ITS Directive
• Facilitate the deployment of vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-toinfrastructure communication systems in urban areas.
Transport Coordinated action in road safety
But 11,000 fatalities on urban roads: often
vulnerable users (cyclist and pedestrians). Many
more injured
• Member States are invited to:
• Ensure that urban road safety is treated as a horizontal priority in
Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning
• Ensure proper gathering of data on road safety indicators at the
most detailed level.
• The Commission will:
• Gather and disseminate good practice examples for road safety
• Analyse measures for reducing the number of serious road traffic
injuries in urban areas.
2.2 Funding for implementation
• Most important source: European Structural and Investment
Funds (ERDF, ESF, Cohesion Fund)
 Some 8 billion Euros were allocated for urban mobility projects
over 2007-2013
 This support continues over 2014-2020
 The amount for urban mobility projects is unknown at this stage but is
expected to be higher than over 2007-2013
 Urban mobility can be addressed especially under:
 Thematic objective 4 "Low-carbon economy" (promotion of sustainable
multi-modal mobility)
 Thematic Objective 7 "Sustainable transport"
 As part of "integrated action for sustainable urban development" (Article
7 of the ERDF Regulation)
 The Commission and the Member States develop national
operational programmes based on the specific situation of each
region and country
2.2 Funding for implementation
• Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) funds for TEN-T projects
(Trans-European Transport Network)
 Objective 3: actions impelmenting transport infrastructure in
nodes of the core TEN-T network, including urban nodes
 Actions to support the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure
 Actions to promote the market introduction of solutions for vehicles
powered by clean fuels
 Calendar for upcoming calls:
publication of
deadline for
Oct-Dec 2015
April-June 2016
April-June 2017
2.2 Funding for implementation
Other sources:
• EIB (European Investment Bank) loans and other financial
INTERREG programme, for regional sustainable development
LIFE+ programme, for sustainable development projects
 The 2014-2017 work programme includes a Thematic priority on "Air
quality and emissions, including the urban environment"
2.2 Funding for implementation - For more information:
• ESI Funds:
 View the eligible zones in your country
 Get the contact details of the managing authority in your country
• CEF funds for TEN-T projects:
 Find out about the priority projects in your country
 Access the latest calls for proposals
• EIB:
• LIFE+:
2.3 Funding for research and innovation
• The programme for 2014-2020 is called Horizon 2020 and
1. Mobility for Growth - Urban (= CIVITAS 2020): 100 M€ for
2. Mobility for Growth – Infrastructure: 35 M€ for 2014/2015
3. Green Vehicles: 160 M€ for 2014/2015
• The calls for 2014/2015 were published in Dec 2013
• In addition, there is support for research & innovation for
hydrogen under the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking
2.3.1 CIVITAS initiative
• Up until now: city-led demonstration activities
• Some 60 cities have benefited from EU support for
testing some 700 urban mobility measures
2.3.1 CIVITAS initiative – How to get involved?
1. Submit a proposal under Horizon 2020
2. Join the Civitas Forum network of cities (free)
 Over 200 member cities
3. Join a thematic group (free)
 In 10 specific areas
4. Apply to the activity fund
 Supports take-up activities (1st call was in Feb/April 2014)
5. Join a regional network 'CIVINET' if available in your
 Spain+Portugal, French-speaking, Italy, UK+Ireland,
Netherlands+Flanders, Slovenia+Croatia, German-speaking, Hungary,
Czech Republic+Slovakia, Poland
2.3.2 Horizon 2020 - Mobility for Growth
(€ Mio)
Call 'Mobility for Growth'
(€ Mio)*
1. Aviation
2. Rail
3. Road
4. Waterborne
5. Urban
6. Logistics
7. ITS
8. Infrastructure
9. Socio-economic and behavioural research
* provisional
2.3.2 Horizon 2020 - Mobility for Growth
MG5 Urban (= CIVITAS 2020)
2015 TOPICS:
• MG 5.4 Strengthening the knowledge and capacities of local authorities (2
• Promoting take up of SUMPs through information exchange within large networked groups
• Capacity building among local stakeholders on planning, implementation and financing
• MG 5.5a & 5.5b Demonstrating and testing innovative solutions for cleaner and
better urban transport and mobility (2 stages and single stage)
• City-led consortia composed of four to five cities, led by at least two 'leading cities'
• Set of complementary and reinforcing mobility solutions – subset of CIVITAS measure categories
• Impact and process evaluation using common framework on basis of clear baseline
• Wide range of activities can be covered (incl. take up, research, support to local policy and planning)
• Support Action to facilitate cooperation and evaluation for this topic, and across CIVITAS 2020
Submission deadline 31 March 2015 (2 stages, stage 1) or 27
August 2015 (single stage)
2.3.2 Horizon 2020 - Mobility for Growth
MG 8.2 Infrastructure
2015 TOPICS:
MG 8.4a: Smart governance, network resilience and streamlined
delivery of infrastructure innovation
Submission deadline 31 March 2015 (stage 1)
MG 8.4b: Smart governance, network resilience and streamlined
delivery of infrastructure innovation
Submission deadline 27 August 2015
2.3.3 Horizon 2020 - Green Vehicles
(€ Mio)
Call 'Green Vehicles'
(€ Mio)*
* provisional
2.3.3 Horizon 2020 - Green Vehicles
2015 TOPICS:
• GV 6: Powertrain control for heavy-duty vehicles with optimised
• GV 8: Electric vehicles’ enhanced performance and integration into
the transport system and the grid
Submission deadline 27 August 2015
2.3 Funding for research and innovation – For more
• Horizon 2020 programme:
• Horizon2020 calls:
• Horizon 2020 participant portal:
 View the rules for participation
 find potential partners
• CIVITAS website:
• Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking:
2.4 Exchange of experience and best practice
• Urban Mobility Portal Eltis:
 facilitates exchange of information, knowledge and experiences
 aimed at individuals working in transport and related disciplines
• Clean Vehicles Portal:
 gives detailed and comparable data on clean vehicles available on
the market and classifies them according to their life cycle costs
 aims at supporting institutions procuring vehicles
Mobility Plans website:
 informs about Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans and offers
guidelines on how to develop and implement such plans
• Studies on specific issues:
2.5 Awareness-raising
• European Mobility Week in September
• Some 2000 local partnerships registered every year, but
many more cities involved
• 'Do The Right Mix' campaign
• promotes multi-modal mobility
• advertising in six countries and funding for local campaigns
• EU-award schemes with press communication
• Civitas Award
• Mobility Week Award
• SUMP Award (linked to Do The Right Mix)
22 Partners conected at Municipalities
(3) Craiova, Romania,
(4) Brescia, Italy,
(5) Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain,
(6) Coimbra, Portugal
And support units from:
(2) Belgium
(2) Italy
Public Authorities Municipalities
Public transport authorities
Research Centres
Craiova – The first Romanian Municipality who
coordinate a CIVITAS consortium at European level
Results; systems implemented
9 efficiently-driven trams with reduction of energetic consumption
40 vehicles endowed with interior display system
5 stations endowed with electronic display system
107 vehicles endowed with E-ticketing and GPS / GPRS systems
45 vehicles endowed with interior video surveillance system
10 video surveillance systems in stations and/or intersections
Access restriction policy and closing center solution
New schemes for freight distribution
Infomobility tools for fleet management
Flexible services and tools for industrial area; car-pooling solution
• We can put at yours disposal pilot projects – (Final
reports on measure results) developed trough
CIVITAS / MODERN project in the fourth cities:
Brescia – Italy, Coimbra – Portugal, Vitoria–Gasteiz
– Spain and Craiova – Romania for your analyse.
• All the pilot projects includes a cost-benefit analyse
that can show you the sustainability and the
benefit of each pilot project.
• Interested?
• Please contact:
• Development Of RegiOnal clusTers for researcH and
implementation of environmental friendlY urban logistics
• Dorothy Project is targeted to develop the potential of innovation &
research in the 4 Regions: Tuscany - Italy, Valencia - Spain, Lisbon &
Tagus -Portugal and Oltenia – Romania in the field of Urban Logistics.
• The specific objectives of the Project can be synthesized as follow:
• -To define lines of research and innovation for the Clusters compliant with
the specific technological and territorial specializations.
• -To address the research-driven clusters in the four Regions toward
common developments and collaboration through networking activities.
• -To set up the full exploitation of the results of the researches.
• -To ensure the spread of knowledge through high quality dissemination
and stakeholders involvement.
• -To define Joint Action Plans (JAP) for the four Regions, with the active
involvement of the Regional Authorities and Agencies
• -To mentor the start-up of the research clusters
Green Urban Logistics Innovative Clusters
Cluster research and development for urban logistics by means
of smart specialisation strategies and creation of competitive
niches - Joint Action Plan development and implementation.
Greening transportation and resource-efficient innovative
solutions using information and communication technologies
(ICT) and intelligent transport systems (ITS).
Launching cooperation and mentoring activities as contribute
to the internationalisation of clusters’ companies or research
institutes and to enhanced institutional visibility and search for
governance models.
Better Quality of Life in European Cities
Dorothy’s clusters - existing and new ones - promote the
development of solutions and policies to improve the
citizens life quality.
Clustering around innovation
Clusters and therefore the Dorothy’s clusters represent the
means to gather innovations and solutions in order to
implement smart specialisation on a regional scale.
The importance of urban logistics can be seen from different
points of view:
• Urban logistics is directly related to City life. The economics of
European towns is strictly connected to the commercial
network. The efficiency of the logistics chain is a pre-requisite
for the survival of the economic activities in the city centre.
• To ensure goods feeding to towns means to improve and to
preserve cities life itself, even if this process is costly and
• Given that the freight distribution is largely concentrated in the
city centres, the traffic generated by the distribution of goods
is significant and impacting.
• To limit this impact, generally the time window to access the
central areas of the cities is restricted to some hours,
preferably in the first hours of the morning.
• The benefit is related to its economic dimension. A reduction of the time
needed for the distribution can produce very high savings in the overall
cost of the urban goods distribution.
• The limitation of the costs of the urban goods distribution will have a
beneficial effect on the general cost of life, as it will have a lower
incidence on the final cost of goods, so that a social benefit could come
from these improvements.
• The rationalization of the freight distribution process will have a good
impact on the liveability of the cities.
• Rationalization of urban logistics could reduce significantly the energy
consumption; improuving the quality of life, reducing the environmental
• The improvement and the rationalization of the urban logistics need not
only organizational actions, but technological innovation too, new
products and processes, for some cities new concepts.
Thank you
your kind attention!
Gabriel Vladut
tel: +40 251 412290; +40 251 412775