Socio-Economic Baseline Survey Training – Pakistan, By Dr

Dr. Muhammad Ashfaq
 Agriculture contributes more than 21% in
the overall GDP of Pakistan.
 Livestock contributes about 53% of the agri.
Value added & 12 percent share in exports.
 Gross value addition of livestock = Rs. 1538
billion (2009-10).
 Important component of high value human
Indigenous Livestock
Goats and poultry are Important part of
Contribute more than 30 % of eggs and 25
% of meat
 Goats = About 60 millions (2010)
 Very popular in the middle east for meat
Livestock Development Strategy
The strategy revolves around the following:
1. Public Private Partnership led development.
2. National Economic growth.
3. Poverty Alleviation.
4. Food Security.
5. Improve Livestock service delivery.
6. Expand opportunities for livelihood needs of farmers.
7. Enhance Foreign Exchange Earnings.
Survey Tools
1- Participatory Rural Appraisal
2- Household (H.H) Survey
3- Market Agent Survey
Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)
Introduction (what the program is? Its objectives etc)
Village map ( mapping natural, social and eco resources)
Production system (crops, livestock and fisheries)
Livelihood Analysis (livelihood activities, income
• Wealth Ranking (distribution of wealth within a
community in terms of land, livestock, remittances,
education, health etc)
• Role of Project species in Peoples Livelihoods ( % of
farmers keeping, why peoples keep it? Who benefits most?
Money spent on? etc)
Continue …………….
• Breeding, selection and replacement strategies
for project species
Constraints (production and marketing)
Market orientation ( input and output)
Linkages (backward and forward)
Wrap up (possible project interventions and future
Household (H.H) Survey
• Characteristics of HH
• Farm activities and facilities (Area, tenure
system, cropping patterns, farm/HH assets etc)
• Livestock Inventory
• Livestock Production (by species and breeds,
Management, housing, production parameters,
‘entries and exit from the farm)
• Management (Feeding, Watering, health, labour)
• Reproduction and breeding (Breeding
Strategies, main problems of breeding, costs of
• Marketing of livestock and their products
(number of animal/chicken sold, unit price, where
sold? Reason for selling, grading, mode of
payment, etc)
• Training and skills (sources of
information/technology, extension services)
 Income and Livelihood (sources of income,
expenditures on food)
Market Agent Survey
 Market levels (village, weekly market, urban markets)
 Categories of market agents (health service providers,
butchers, credit supplier, feed sellers, traders of livestock
products, livestock trader)
 General Information (About respondent- name, age,
education, experience, financial position, Future Plans
and business constraints)
 Veterinarians (Information about-qualification,
experience, Products, source, to whom sell, for which
Species/breed etc)
 Butcher (quantity purchased, price, supplier, criteria
for purchase etc)
 Credit supplier (Providing loans? advise on financial
management? Factor affecting loan request? etc)
 Feed trader (Qualification/training, type of product,
source, business location, Buyers/ clients, product for
which species/breed? Providing advise?)
 Trader in livestock products (types of product,
supplier type, volume, price per unit, mechanism of
price fixing, distance-buying and selling point, other
arrangements/conditions with sellers)
 Livestock trader (type/breed of product, preference
for any particular breed, reasons, quantity purchased
and sold, price mechanism, characteristics of
sellers/buyers etc)
Profile of trainees
 For H.H and market agent survey = 25-30
 For PRA = 20 (10 Male and 10 females)
 Total = 45-50 with master degrees (in Economics,
Agri- Economics, MAB, ERE, DE, ABG or related
discipline) or last year students in the above
mentioned disciplines.