Industrial Revolution: Textiles By: Joshua Almonte, Caroline Parks, and Victoria Scalanga Pd. 2 Signs of Advancements • The textile industry of Great Britain was the first to use mechanization. – This meant that auto machines began to be used in order to increase production. • The industry then became a domestic system: a system in which most production took place at home. • Soon advancements took place, starting with improvements on the loom. Advancements • In 1733, John Kay made the flying shuttle. • Improved weaving production by speeding up the stringing together of wool. • In 1764, James Hargreaves made the spinning jenny which produced wool 8 times as quick The Water Frame • In 1769, Richard Arkwright made the water frame: a spinning machine powered by water. • Arkwright made a spinning mill to employ people, as people at the time could not afford the expensive water frame. He employed several hundred people. This began the factory system. Advancements (cont.) • In 1784, Samuel Crompton made the spinning mule; mixing the spinning mule and the water frame. • In 1785, Edmund Cartwright created the power loom which wove cloth greatly faster than a hand weaver. • In 1793, Eli Whitney produced the cotton gin allowing production of about 50 times the amount of cotton one would normally handpick. Famous People • 1733: a clock-maker named John Kay invented the flying shuttle. – This machine was a cord mechanism that moved the woof thread more rapidly across the loom. • Woof threads are the threads that run clockwise in a woven fabric at right angles to warp thread. • James Hargreaves, a poor English worker, won a prize in 1764 with a machine that he named the spinning Jenny. – This machine could produce eight times as much thread as a single spinning wheel could. Famous People (cont.) • 1769: Richard Arkwright continued making improvements to a machine called the water frame: a spinning machine driven by waterpower. – This machine could be used in people homes along with the flying shuttle because they were so inexpensive. • He also opened a spinning mill which brought workers and machines together in one area to produce goods. • By 1784 Arkwright employed several hundred workers – This marked the beginning of the modern factory system. Famous People (cont.) • 1784: Samuel Crompton combined the best features of the spinning Jenny and the water frame in another machine called the spinning mule. – Weavers would have more access to fine-quality thread. • 1785, an English minister, Edmund Catwright, met the need for a faster weaving process. • 1712: Thomas Newcomen, an English engineer, produced the first successful steam engine. – It was more powerful and dependable than water wheels, but they are slow and expensive to operate. (Last) Famous Person • 1760s: James Watt, a Scottish instrument maker and engineer, studied the Newcomen engine. – 17969: produced the modern steam engine • As a result of the industries adapting to the Watt engine, steam then replaced water as an engine source. Predictions for the Impact on Great Britain This will impact Great Britain greatly because the industry will improve trading and it increases the speed of production. Textiles also started the idea of an assembly line so they can make more products. Predictions for How Textiles Will Spread & Impact Other Countries Textiles will spread to other countries because as a result of the prices going down there were high demand for the products. Clothes are also something that everyone needs and now that the price was going down people could buy more. Also, textiles will start to impact other counties because they will begin doing the same or being trading with England. Importance of This Topic To begin with the importance of this topic, think about how the Industrial Revolution would have been as successful without having the textiles they had. Great Britain would not have been as powerful for sure because of the increase of production. The trade also improved as an effect of textiles. Lastly, since more products were being made at a faster pace, the prices would decrease making it easier for people to afford.