- SEDC Conference 2014

Model Based System Engineering Approach to
Managing Requirements in a MultiAgency/Multi-Stakeholder Environment of
Science and Technology/Research and
Development Projects
Magda Batista-Carver
Federal Aviation Administration – Electrical Computer Engineer
The George Washington University EMSE PhD Candidate
Dr. Thomas Mazzuchi, D. Sc.
Dr. Shahram Sarkani, Ph.D., P.E.
May 16, 2012
Challenges with Traditional Systems Engineering
Improving Management of Complex System Development
Conceptual Model
Analysis Framework
Notional Application Model
Challenges with Traditional SE
 Traditional System Engineering is paper based
• Acceptable for smaller/single user systems
• Large complex system development proves to be
immensely challenging
• Difficult to understand, track, manage and articulate
effects of requirements changes
 Document management approach does not support
effective communication among distributed teams
 Limited validation and verification resulting in late
identification of issues
 Poses development risk to projects operating in S&T/R&D
 As the US debt increases, there is less funding available for
Science &Technology (S&T)/Research & Development
(R&D) Government Agency projects
 Government Agencies repeatedly criticized for long
development and acquisition cycles
 Government agencies are pooling their funds for projects of
similar interests resulting in System Engineers needing to
address multi-agency requirements and complex project
missions during product development
 These complex projects need to be seamlessly integrated
into a complex system of systems
 Complex S&T systems development requires more robust,
efficient and effective ways to manage requirements than
traditional SE
Improving Management of Complex
System Development
 Model Base System Engineering (MSBE) approach is more
suitable for development of complex systems in the multistakeholder environment.
 What is MBSE?
• Layered approach to system development and requirements
• Stresses common language and term definition at the beginning
• Uses modeling throughout the system’s lifecycle to support
– Systems engineering and systems development
– Design and analysis
– Verification and validation
• Supports integration of diverse models
Why Model Based System Engineering?
 Modeling performed at all layers of development
 Improved approach to requirements validation and
 Improved understanding of the overall system being
 Early identification of problems
 Cost avoidance potential
 Improved overall productivity
Conceptual Model
 Potential Case Study
• Joint Strike Fighter (J-35) is a multi-agency/multinational program under development since 2001
– Since achieving design maturity in 2007, JSF has
undergone over 20,000 changes
– Current total acquisition cost is $283 B, a cost growth of
34.7% of the baseline total acquisition cost
– Currently estimating a 5 year schedule slip for system
Analysis Framework
Multi-Agency/MultiStakeholder R&D/S&T Project
• Joint Strike Fighter (J-35)
• CV
Notional Application
 Organizations are moving towards more complex system
development in collaboration with other organization who
have similar needs/interests
 Acquisition timelines are lengthy, costly and often times
result in programs not meeting all of the intended scope
 MBSE can potentially address some of the challenges not
met by traditional SE in a Multi-Stakeholder environment
Define terms from all stakeholders early in development process
Develop systems in increasing layers of complexity
Improve communications between developers and stakeholders
Allow for understanding of requirements changes to overall
Thank You!
Contact Information
Magda Batista-Carver
(202) 385-6119
Thomas A. Mazzuchi, D.Sc.
(202) 994-7541
Shahram Sarkani, Ph.D., P.E
(888) 694-9627
Azizian, N., Mazzuchi, T., Sarkani, S. & Rico, D. (2011). A Framework for Evaluating
Technology Readiness, System Quality, and Program Performance of U.S. DoD
Acquisitions. Systems Engineering (14)4.
Director, Operational Test and Evaluation FY 2011 Annual Report.
Estefan, J. (2007). Survey of Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE)
Methodologies. INCOSE MBSE Focus Group.
Government Accountability Office (2010). Joint Strike Fighter Additional Costs and
Delays Risk Not Meeting Warfighter Requirements on Time. GAO-10-382.
Government Accountability Office (2010). Joint Strike Fighter Significant Challenges
Remain as DoD Restructures Program. GAO-10-520T.
Government Accountability Office (2011). Joint Strike Fighter Restructuring Places
Program on Firmer Footing, but Progress is Still Lacking. GAO-11-677T.
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and Technology Symposium, The Future of C2.
References continued
Harvey, D. & Logan, P. (2010). Architecting the Problem Space: An Architecture
Framework-Based Method for Definition of User Requirements. 4Th Asian-Pacific
Conference on Systems Engineering (APCOSE 2010), Keelung, Tawain.
INCOSE (2011) Systems Engineering Handbook (Version 3.2.1).
OMG (2012). MBSE Wiki. Retrieved on April 23, 2012 at
Ramos, A.L., Ferreira, J.V., and Barcelo, J. (2012). Model-Based Systems
Engineering: An Emerging Approach for Modern Systems. Systems, Man and
Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on 42(1) 101 – 111.
Rouse, W. B and Sage, A.P (2009). Handbook of Systems Engineering and
Management (2nd edition). John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
Vitech (2011). A Primer for Model-Based System Engineering (2nd edition). Vitech