The Postwar Years at Home Chapter 27 Don’t Forget What it Was Like • What was the economy like before the war? – Describe the conditions in the US. • What have we discussed about America’s Post War years at home? – List the different topics. Setting the Scene • “Socially, these communities have neither history, tradition, nor established structure…Everyone lives in a ‘good neighborhood’, there is, to use that classic American euphemism (using different words), ‘no wrong side of the tracks.’ -Harry Henderson, “The Mass-Produced Suburbs,” Harper’s 1953 • Describe how this authors feels about the Suburbs. Does he think they are a good thing or do they have negatives? Businesses Reorganize • Vocab Word: – Per Capita Income: The average annual income per person. » Per Capita means “per person” / = 16.6 Nuggets per capita Vocab: Conglomerate • Conglomerate: A corporation (a type of business) made up of three or more unrelated business. Vocab: Franchise • Franchise- A business sells the rights for a person to open one of their stores. – A McDonald’s Franchise costs over a Million dollars today – Early McAdd http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QIuXv7Y8QA 4 Television: The reason people don’t go outside • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hNjEIfZl A2s&feature=related – I love Lucy • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NdVl_R 40e4M&feature=related – Honeymooners Advances in Medicine • Answer these questions? – Can you name a famous Person with Polio? – Have you ever met a person with Polio? Homework • http://www.franklincountyauditor.com/ The Computer Industry • Vocab: Transistor: A tiny circuit device that amplifies (makes louder or larger) controls, and generates electrical signals. – “Transistor Radio (1950’s) = Ipod (2010’s) = Nuclear Power • 1954: First Nuclear Powered Submarine • 1957: First Nuclear Power Plant on land How it works Vocab: Blue/White Collar Blue Collar • Depends on manual labor • Service industry or manufacturing • Working class White Collar • Used more intellectual skills • Often college graduates • Office Jobs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CaIU7IP2SVQ White Collar Conformity Vocab: Baby Boom • A dramatic increase in babies being born after WWII • Remember our lesson on women in the 1950’s Moving to the Suburbs • GI Bill of Rights – provided ways for service men to get cheap loans for houses and to go to college for free • Mass production of homes – Made quickly a almost identical Cars and highways • Suburbs too far away for public transportation • Cars become a status symbol • I-270 built from 19621971 UGH!!! What does this have to do with anything?!?! What did Westerville look like 20, 30, 40,000 35,000 or 40 years ago? 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 Population Students '70 '80 '90 '12 To Rock or not to Rock? • Rock n roll… is sung, played and written for the most part by [mentally deficient] goons and by means of its almost imbecilic repetition and sly, lewd, in plain fact, dirty lyrics… it manages to be the music of every side burned delinquent on the face of the earth.” • http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=j9h0MNMfKuQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9h0MNMfKuQ To Rock or not to Rock? • “Rock and roll music, if you like it, if you feel it, you can't help but move to it. That's what happens to me. I can't help it.' http://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=tpzV_0l5ILI Rock n Roll- doing what you want since the 1950’s • Rock and Roll was a complete rejection of white mainstream society • Began as “Black rhythm and blues” • Alan Freed “Moondog Rock ‘n’ Roll Party” Elvis brings Rock to White audience • Elvis Presley may seem tame but he was Lady Gaga and Kanye West rolled into one. – People had to be told he was white because at the time they said he “sounded black” • Sexual tones and flamboyant dancing scared many adults Review • Families move to the Suburbs – Cheap loans – College Educations and the new “white collar” jobs – Highways to get them to the Suburbs – Cheap new houses Review • Rock and Roll – Comes out of an African American tradition of Rhythm and Blues – Not everyone happy about new kind of music – Who wants to share their song? The “Beat Generation” • Vocab-Beatniks -Members of a movement that promoted being spontaneous, or acting at a moment’s notice without planning. Jack Kerouac- leader of the beat generation • “The only people for me are the mad ones, the ones who are mad to live, mad to talk, mad to be saved, desirous of everything at the same time, the ones who never yawn or say a commonplace thing, but burn, burn, burn, like fabulous yellow roman candles exploding like spiders across the stars and in the middle you see the blue centerlight pop and everybody goes "Awww!” The “Silent Generation” • Many children continued to conform • Stayed in school longer than before • More free time • Girls begin Baby sitting • The “teen” is born1941 Religion is back! • Many people had stopped attending Churches and Synagogues before the 1950’s • “Godless Communism” brings them back • 1954- “Under God” added to pledge of allegiance • 1955- “In God we trust” added to money Billy Graham- Evangelist Preacher • “A child who is allowed to be disrespectful to his parents will not have true respect for anyone.” • Billy Graham Home Work •Due Monday •Write a 2 paragraph journal entry from the perspective of a student your age in the 1950’s. Find the table that corresponds to the age of your home • In your groups find each of your homes on the map of Westerville • Do any of you live in the same neighborhood? • Assign a group member to mark them on the board with group age.