David Marriott “Corporate governance has been gaining more predominance around the world over the last decade. However the last year or so…has seen an unprecedented interest in some of the areas that are central to corporate governance: executive remuneration; boards of directors, independent non-executive directors; internal controls and risk management; the role of shareholders.” Chris Mallin Feb 2009 Rights and equitable treatment of shareholders Interests of other stakeholders Role and responsibilities of the board Integrity and ethical behaviour Disclosure and transparency Source: the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, an attempt by the federal government in the United States to legislate several of the principals recommended in earlier Cadbury and OECD reports Who are our shareholders/ stakeholders? What are our obligations to them and how well do we fulfil those obligations? Does the GB have sufficient relevant skills and understanding to review and challenge management performance? Is it an adequate size and are there appropriate levels of independence and commitment to fulfil its responsibilities and duties? Is integrity a fundamental requirement in choosing our chair, vice chair, clerk and GB members (where we have a choice)? Do we have a code of conduct for us and our leadership team that promotes ethical and responsible decision making? Do we clarify and make publicly known the roles and responsibilities of the GB and school management to provide stakeholders with a level of accountability? Have we implemented procedures to independently verify and safeguard the integrity of the school's financial reporting? Is the disclosure of material matters concerning the school timely and balanced to ensure that all interested parties have access to clear, factual information? "If local democracy had worked, if local governing bodies had worked in the most challenging schools and for the most disadvantaged children, we would never have needed academies" "Often governing bodies are the problem, actually“ Sir Michael Wilshaw Head of Mossbourne academy, Hackney “The new theology of the Coalition government is autonomy and choice…Governors are more important in a more autonomous system. Their ability to challenge and lead is the key.” Sue Hackman Chief Adviser for School Standards, DfE 13.10.2011 Being ACCOUNTable Taking ACCOUNT of Giving an ACCOUNT Being accountable for Effectiveness: school performance Efficiency: value for money Taking account of Performance data Feedback from stakeholders Self-evaluation Policies, plans, improvement strategies School environment GB’s actions Giving an account To parents and the community To Ofsted To Diocese Effectiveness: school performance Taking account of: Self evaluation (inc GB) RAISEonline Headteacher performance management Stakeholder feedback eg complaints and compliments Policies, plans, improvement strategies School environment Efficiency: value for money Taking account of Schools Financial Value Standard (SFVS) Financial reports to GB Finance committee minutes Financial benchmarking Value for Money tools To parents and the community School profile Reports? Regular communication: Newsletter Website Presence at school To Ofsted Ensuring the governing body provides effective challenge and support so that weaknesses are tackled decisively and statutory responsibilities are met Fulfil statutory responsibilities Shape the direction Challenge and support leaders High support Supporters Club ‘We’re here to support the head’. Partners or critical friends ‘We share everything –good or bad’. Low challenge Abdicators ‘We leave it to the professionals’. High challenge Adversaries ‘We keep a very close eye on the staff!’. Low support school Governors’ roles ensure school runs effectively, providing best possible education challenge and support school to do better take strategic view, set up policies, plans and targets monitor and evaluate results delegate enough power to head to run school effectively accountable to parents and LA for how school is run appoint head and deputy Head’s roles organises, manages and controls the school dayto-day expects GB to challenge and support school to do better discusses main aspects of school life with GB reports to GB on how school is managed So…the head is the “chief executive” So…holding the school to account means holding the head to account, in practice “Governing bodies should be the key strategic body in schools, responsible for the overall direction that a school takes. In that respect, governors are also therefore the key body for school improvement.’ Lord Hill, 2011 The headteacher is accountable to the governing body – both for the functions performed as part of the headteacher’s normal role, and for powers delegated by the governing body A Guide to the Law for School Governors, 201 “Heads love mediocre governing bodies” John Dunford Whole Education Ex head and chair of ASCL Just add information… Doing…in what sense? How well should it be doing? How do we know? What should we be looking for? Where might we find it? What questions should we ask? Who can we ask? How do we know if the answers are reliable and honest? What do we do if we find they’re not? Data analysis Validation of self-evaluation Triangulation Asking questions - teachers, parents, youngsters, governors, head… Observation Comparison Work sampling Discussion between inspectors 2009 Overall effectiveness How effective and efficient are the provision and related services in meeting the full range of learners’ needs and why? What steps need to be taken to improve the provision further? Achievement and standards How well do learners achieve? The Quality of Provision How effective are teaching, training and learning? How well do programmes and activities meet the needs and interests of learners? How well are learners guided and supported? Leadership and Management How effective are leadership and management in raising achievement and supporting all learners? 2012 report on ‘the quality of education provided in the school’ and must give priority to: the achievement of pupils at the school the quality of teaching in the school the quality of the leadership in and management of the school the behaviour and safety of pupils at the school. Inspectors must consider the spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of pupils; and the extent to which the education provided by the school enables all pupils to achieve, in particular disabled pupils and pupils who have special educational needs. What are our values? POLICIES What is our vision? What are we trying to achieve? PLANS Who do we ask and how? What is the evidence? SEF To whom are we accountable? Inc PROFILE How do we know it’s happening? REPORTS VISITS Where do we get the information? DATA What kinds of achievement do we value? How do we contribute to planning for it? SDP + PERF. MGT + RESOURCES Raw data and league tables Value Added (VA) data – RAISEonline Pupil tracking data (anonymised) Ofsted report Self-Evaluation Form (SEF) Headteacher’s report Subject leader report Link governor report School Improvement or Development Plan (and related progress reports) School Profile School Awards (eg Investors In People, Healthy Schools, Artsmark; Basic Skills) Curriculum Committee minutes New National Curriculum New assessment regime and methodology Progress measures EBacc and its effects How well deprived groups do What happens when they leave? New floor standards Value for money – results vs expenditure What are your internal school performance indicators?