What is Critical Thinking?

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Using Critical Thinking Skills:
Separate Fact from Fiction
New Ways To Think and Search in Your Classroom
Dr. Howie DiBlasi , C.I.O (Retired)
“Emerging Technologies Evangelist “
howie@frontier.net
970-749-0760
www.drhowie.com
Twitter: @hdiblasi
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Dr. Howie DiBlasi (CIO Retired)
“Emerging Technologies Evangelist “
Digital Journey
Twitter = hdiblasi
howie@frontier.net
http://www.drhowie.com/
www.disneyscience.com
Presentation : 2014
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Goals Today
1. What are “Critical Thinking Skills”
2. Essential critical evaluation and thinking skills.
3. Guide students through the research process
Advanced searching techniques
Finding the right information
How to search effectively
4. Read for information
5. Evaluate information
6. Determine fake information
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Did you know
• Apollo 11 – We NEVER landed on the moon
• Moon landing conspiracy theories
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Thinking Critically About the
Apollo Moon Landings
• http://www.smithsonianconference.org/conspiracy/apollo/
• Recordings are available from the National Air and
Space Museum's free interactive online conference
developed especially for teachers and secondary
students.
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Burger King – just announced
a LEFT handed burger
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http://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/burger-king-introduces-lefthanded-whoppers-156098735.html
The new Left-Handed
Whopper will have all the
condiments rotated 180
degrees, thereby
redistributing the weight of
the sandwich so that the bulk of
them skew to the left.
"We have always been proud of the
fact that we offered 1,024 ways to
order our flagship Whopper
sandwich, now we are offering 1,025
ways! It's the ultimate 'Have
It Your Way' for our lefthanded customers," says
Lorraine Thomson,
Marketing Director for
Burger King UK.
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http://www.wingmakers.us/wingmakersorig/wingmakers/anc
ient_arrow_project.shtml
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The WingMakers Time Capsule
Providing
access to
the 23
Chambers
and their
various
artifacts.
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Mothers Against Videogame
Addiction and Violence
http://www.mavav.org/
The Mothers Against Videogame Addiction and Violence
organization is dedicated to educating parents of the world's
fastest growing addiction and the most reckless
endangerment of children today:
Video Game Addiction and
Violence in Underground Video Game Cultures
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http://www.mavav.org
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http://republic-of-cascadia.tripod.com/
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Republic of Cascadia
The former
American states
of Oregon and
Washington
and the former
Canadian
province of
British
Columbia must
join together as
a sovereign
nation. Only
then can we
have selfdetermination
and take our
rightful place in
the Global
Community.
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Guide To Metric Time
• Metric Time
(MT) is an
attempt to
create a
decimalized
time system
for our
modern
base-10
using world.
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http://zapatopi.net/metrictime/
Basic Description
A Metric or
Decimalized Time
system is, like ABT,
based on the solar day
(i.e. one revolution of
the Earth). This day is
then divided into units
of tenths, hundredths,
thousands, etc. that
are used to keep and
tell time.
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Develop Information
Processing Skills
“Crap Detection 101”
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Clive Thompson
Wired November 2011
look up
answers to a series of questions.
• Scientific researchers asked a group of students to
• Not surprisingly, the kids relied on
Web pages
at the top of Google’s results list.
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“Mastering “crap detection 101” isn’t easy”
• The average high school and college student….
1. Unable to discern the hidden
agendas
2. Students really don’t bother trying to assess the credibility
of information found online
•
largely the fault of schools,
which rarely teach critical thinking.
This naïveté is
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What is Critical Thinking?
• 1605-Sir Francis Bacon
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Relationships among things
Inquisitive.
Doubt and ask questions.
Reflecting.
Consider multiple points of view.
Support their points of view
Formulate an argument with
reasons and evidence.
• Deception.
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Web Literacy and Critical
Thinking: A Teacher's Tool Kit
•
http://iccb.org/pt3/pdf/resource/web_lit.pdf
• How Many Hits?
• "When we hear 'Wow, I got 1,000 hits!' we know we have not met
our responsibility to our students,"
• The true challenge is to get just a few hits.
•
• A variety of playful races designed to hone fact-finding skills.
• Develop a list of tips for other students trying to narrow in on
information quickly?
• What suggestions—from tutorials, teachers, peers, or elsewhere—
were most helpful to them?
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Digital & Media Literacy Fundamentals
• Kids on the Net: Five to Six Year Olds
•
Kids on the Net: Seven to Eight Year olds
•
Kids on the Net: Nine to Ten Year olds
•
Kids on the Net: Eleven to Twelve Year Olds
•
Kids on the Net: Thirteen to Fourteen Year Olds
•
Kids on the Net: Fifteen to Seventeen Year Olds
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http://www.rcampus.com/rubricsearchlistc.cfm?
• Web Page Evaluation
• Assessment of the interactive web site Learning Games for
kids.
Grade levels: K-5 Categories: (General), Assessment
• Web Page Evaluation
• Assessment of the interactive web site Learning Games for
kids.
Grade levels: K-5
• Categories: (General), Assessment
Evaluate web page
Grade levels: K-5
• Categories: Math, (Other)
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Applying critical thinking skills through web
research:
•
http://www.microsoft.com/education/en-us/teachers/guides/Pages/critical_thinking.aspx
• Improve search skills.
• Evaluate the information they find.
• Incorporate them in their work.
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Critical evaluation of web sites
http://www.library.ucla.edu/libraries/college/11605_12008.cfm
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Rubrics
Advanced Searching Rubric - Bloom's
Digital Taxonomy
• http://edorigami.wikispaces.com/file/view/advanced+search+rubric.pdf
• Lesson Planet: Lesson Plan
Rating Criteria Rubric
• http://www.lessonplanet.com/us/rating_rubric
• Dr. Alice Christie's Web Site Evaluation Resources
• http://alicechristie.org/edtech/webeval/
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RubiStar Home
http://rubistar.4teachers.org/
• Free tool to help teachers create quality rubrics
• Choose a Topic to create a new rubric based on a
template:
http://rubistar.4teachers.org/
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iRubric: Home of free rubric
tools: RCampus.com
• iRubric: The only free rubric builder and
assessment tool. Working with rubrics has
never been easier. Build, Assess, Share,
and Collaborate using our intuitive ...
• Over 164,000 rubrics and growing...
• http://www.rcampus.com/indexrubric.cfm
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Develop
“Critical thinking skills”
Q: Do
YOU teach critical thinking in your
classroom?
http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/critical_thinking/
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Top 10 Most Popular Search
Engines – Aug. 2013
• http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/search-engines
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• 1 | Google - 900,000,000
• 2 | bing - 165,000,000
• 3 | Yahoo! Search - 160,000,000
• 4 | ask - 125,000,000
• 5 | Aol Search - 33,000,000
• 6 | MyWebSearch - 19,000,000
•
•
•
•
•
7 | Lycos - 4,300,000
8 | Dogpile- 2,900,000
9 | WebCrawler - 2,700,000
• 10 | Info - 2,600,000
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My 4 search criteria:
• General thomas gage or general tomas gage
• Showing results for general thomas gage
Search instead for general tomas gage
• Walt Disney housekeeper
• tree octupus
• Showing results for tree octopus
Search instead for tree octupus
•
• ben franklin
• Showing results for ben franklin
Search instead for ben franklen
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Critical thinking and Web Literacy
•
•
•
•
Google:Example
revolutionary war
43,000,000 results
people of the
revolutionary war
• 59,900,000 results
• "people of the
revolutionary war"
• 1,930,000 results
•
•
•
•
BING Test
revolutionary war
72,700,000 results
people of the
revolutionary war
• 777,000,000 results
• "people of the
revolutionary war"
• 34,800 results
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Critical thinking and Web Literacy
• GOOGLE
• people of the revolutionary
war thomas gage
• 479,000 results
• "people of the revolutionary
war thomas gage"
• No results found for "people
of the revolutionary war
thomas gage".
• Results for people of the
revolutionary war thomas
gage (without quotes):
• BING
• people of the revolutionary
war thomas gage
• 33,300,000 results
• "people of the revolutionary
war thomas gage"
• 33,100,000 results
• No results found for "people
of the revolutionary war
thomas gage".
• Showing results for people
of the revolutionary war
thomas gage (without
quotes).
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Dr. D’s Favorite Search Engines
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Research and information fluency
•
•
•
•
•
Wolfram Alpha
instaGrok
Factbites
Google Trends
Google Patent
Search
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
For Kids Searching (G2-5
Dib Dab Doo -Dilly Too
Boolify
KidRex
Ask Kids
Yahoo Kids ??
SquirrelNet
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Wolfram Alpha
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Compare
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WolframAlpha
I can never get family tree straight, I typed in "first cousin
twice removed" and WolframAlpha gave me this:
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http://www.instagrok.com/
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instaGrok
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http://www.instagrok.com/
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10 Good Search Engines for
Teachers and Students
• 1- Dmoz = 0
•
2- Ixquick = 1
•
3- Exalead = 0
• 4- Blekko =2
•
5- DuckDuckGo =5
•
6- Yahoo Directory
•
7- Carrot2 = 6
•
8- Fefoo =8 (Google
•
9- RedZ = 2
•
10- Internet Archive
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1- Dmoz
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6- Yahoo Directory
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2- Ixquick
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3- Exalead
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4- Blekko
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5- DuckDuckGo
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7- Carrot2
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8- Fefoo
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9- RedZ
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10- Internet Archive
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50 Awesome Search Engines
Every Librarian Should Know
About ...
• http://www.bestcollegesonline.com/blog/2008/07/22/50-awesomesearch-engines-every-librarian-should-know-about/
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• Ms. Freckles: Adorable Ms. Freckles can search online
for different file types, definitions, translations, film,
finance sites, and a lot more all at once.
• Kart00: This cartoon-inspired search engine lets you
hover over results to get a preview of the site before you
open it. Results are also organized by topic so that you
can narrow down your search and organize hits.
• Fazzle: Search the web’s best, the entire web,
downloads, images, videos, audio or headline news. You
can also select an advanced search to find incredibly
specific results.
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Ms. Freckles: Adorable Ms. Freckles can search online for
different file types, definitions, translations, film, finance
sites, and a lot more all at once
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Critical Thinking Exercise
Fact – Fiction or Opinion
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Fact or Fiction:
Flash Photography Banned In
Art Galleries
• Read more at
http://www.cultofmac.com/180457/myths-why-flashphotography-is-banned-in-artgalleries/#uWS7oWGYdsilzpee.99
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Determine if each statement sounds like a fact or an opinion
• My mom is the best mom on earth. (24)
• My dad is taller than your dad. (0)
• My telephone number is difficult to memorize. (How to =9)
• The deepest part of the ocean is 35,813 feet deep.
• Dogs make better pets than turtles. (0)
• Two out of ten American citizens are boring. (2)
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Smoking is bad for your
health.
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Eighty-five percent of all cases of lung
cancer in the U.S. are caused by smoking.
• The age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer is higher for
men (63.6 per 100,000 persons) than for women (39.0 per
100,000 persons)..4
• Smoking, a main cause of small cell and non-small cell lung
cancer, contributes to 80 percent and 90 percent of lung
cancer deaths in women and men, respectively.
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Slinky toys are fun.
• If you flatten and stretch out a
Slinky toy it will be 87 feet long.
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One out of every hundred
American citizens is color blind.
• The figures above basically show the following important
facts about red-green color blindness:
• Roughly 8% of men and 0.5% of women are
affected. Therefore chances that your neighbour or one
of your classmates is colorblind are very high.
• Deutanomaly is by far the most common color vision
deficiency regarding red-green color blindness. The
other three types are occurring at nearly the same ratio
and do affect about one out of 100 persons each.
• Men are approximately 100 times more often affected
than women. This shows very nicely that red-green color
blindness is a sex-linked trait as described in more detail
at The Biology behind Red-Green Color Blindness.
Colblindor
Color Blindness viewed through Colorblind Eyes
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Teaching Brock to Think:
Developing Critical Thinking Skills
• Separate fact from fiction on the
Internet.
• Involves the ability to know fact from
opinion when exploring a topic.
• Validate information on a website.
• Blank page" point of view
• Help students and teachers think
critically about Internet information.
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Thinking Critically
About UFOs
• Conspiracy Theories in Aerospace
History
•
• A Lesson in Critical Thinking for the Internet Age
•
http://www.smithsonianconference.org/conspiracy/roswell/
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• Thinking Critically About UFOs
Recording Available
• Welcome and Introduction to Critical Thinking
Recording Available
• Thinking Critically About Amelia Earhart’s
Disappearance
Recording Available
• Thinking Critically About the Attack on Pearl
Harbor
Recording Available
• Thinking Critically About the Apollo Moon
Landings
Recording Available
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Using
Google Advanced Search
in Class
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Advanced Search
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About 20,800 results (0.74 seconds)
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About 152 results (0.62 seconds)
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HOAX PHOTO TEST
• A car loaded
down with
lumber. Note the
person asleep in
the front.
• http://www.museumofhoa
xes.com/tests/hoaxphotot
est.html
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A jet plane caught in the instant that it breaks through
the sound barrier and causes a sonic boom.
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A man shows off his 87-pound cat.
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The moment when a plane collides with a
truck, caught on film.
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Truth or Trash-Worksheet
• Use your Web Rubric/evaluation
criteria: evaluate the following
Web sites:
• Download worksheet here: LINK
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
All About Explorers http://allaboutexplorers.com/ We hope you find this site useful! Please
explore, and be sure to let us know how we can improve your experience here. oday the new
version of All About Explorers launches! We have tested our upgrades for several weeks, and
believe that the ship is now seaworthy. Please check out the new surroundings and see what
you think. Feel free to contact us if you have questions or problems, or if something seems
to have disappeared. We'll do our best to correct the problem as soon as possible.
Aluminum Foil Deflector Beanie
Shield your brain from mind control.
Ban Dihydrogen Monoxide! - Dihydrogen monoxide is colorless, odorless, tasteless, and kills
uncounted thousands of people every year. Most of these deaths are caused by accidental
inhalation of DHMO, but the dangers of dihydrogen monoxide do not end there. Prolonged
exposure to its solid form causes severe tissue damage. Symptoms of DHMO ingestion can
include excessive sweating and urination, and possibly a bloated feeling, nausea, vomiting
and body electrolyte imbalance.
British Stick Insect Foundation
All you ever wanted to know about stick insects. How to feed them, train them, and breed
them. Another site created by John Hopkin (see 'Britain for Americans' above. Also see
'CarpSoft' and 'Sellafield Zoo').
Burmese Mountain Dog - The Burmese Mountain Dog is a medium sized, muscular dog
originally bred in Burma (Myanmar) to guard Buddhist temples. It was bred to guard the
temples, and keep the temples free of rodents and beggars. It is also known as the Burmese
Temple Dog.The BurmeseMountain Dog Club of America was established in 1985 to foster
the breed in the United States and the world.
Buy Dehydrated Water
It's compact, lightweight, and easy to store.
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RESOURCES
•
•
Students will take the hoax photo test and attempt to determine which picture is
fake or real. Discussion will follow.
Click on the link: http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/tests/hoaxphototest.html
•
Read the following short definitions of a spoof website.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Website_spoofing
•
http://www.lookstoogoodtobetrue.com/fraudtypes/phishing.aspx
• snopes.com: Urban Legends Reference Pages
• http://www.snopes.com/ ... myths, rumors, and misinformation
• Look at some examples of spoofed websites.
http://www.deadlysins.com/guineaworm/index.htm www.license.shorturl.com
http://zapatopi.net/treeoctopus/
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50 Awesome Search Engines
Every Librarian Should Know
About ...
• http://www.bestcollegesonline.com/blog/2008/07/22/50-awesomesearch-engines-every-librarian-should-know-about/
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Ms. Freckles: Adorable Ms. Freckles can search online for
different file types, definitions, translations, film, finance
sites, and a lot more all at once
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http://www.dowethics.com/index.html
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http://www.dowethics.com/r/dow_news/spee
ches/20021028a.htm
• Copyright © The Dow Company
(1995-2002). All Rights Reserved.
• We were not able to locate the address:
Verio, Inc. 8005 South Chester Street, Suite 200
Englewood, CO 80112
• Andrew Liveris, President & Chief Executive Officer
• Online Newsgathering: Research and Reporting for
Journalism
• books.google.com/books?isbn=0240808517
• Stephen Quinn, Stephen Lamble - 2008 - Language Arts &
Disciplines
• Visitors to the fake site should also have noticed that all
links within the site were actually file extensions of the
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http://www.dowethics.com home page, with ...
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RYT Hospital-Dwayne Medical Center
• They have been on the forefront of recent medical
advances. They've developed a transgenic mouse
with the cognitive abilities of a human. They've
helped a man give birth. They've even developed
nano-robots to deliver gene therapies and repair
tissue. Pretty amazing stuff.
• (Thanks to Ross Harvey for the link). Categories:
Health/Medicine, Websites
Posted by Alex
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RYT Hospital
• I want to know where this hospital is located and how
exactly did you perform Mr.Lee's pregnancy?
• I am a student doing research on this and i wish to know.
I don’t know if this place even exsists.
• Posted by Felicia Probert in United States on Mon
Nov 13.
• I really also want to now when he gives birth.
• Posted by Felicia Probert in United States on Mon
Nov 13
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Using Critical Thinking Skills:
Separate Fact from Fiction
New Ways To Think and Search in Your Classroom
Dr. Howie DiBlasi , C.I.O (Retired)
“Emerging Technologies Evangelist “
howie@frontier.net
970-749-0760
www.drhowie.com
Twitter: @hdiblasi
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