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PROJECT UDAAN: Stop Children From Becoming Sex Workers

Proposed Intervention in West Bengal (Sonagachi, Kolkata)

Overseas Volunteer For A Better India

September 2014

An OVBI Initiative

Table of Content

Vision Statement

Introduction

Target Intervention & Objectives

Proposed Activities for the Intervention

Expected Impact

Project Budget

Project Plan

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Vision Statement

Project Udaan is a path breaking effort to create Safe Havens for children of Indian sex workers and helping them to get back to mainstream of society by providing loving and compassionate care with access to healthcare, education, skills training and self growth

Current Project will support 50 children as a Pilot project in Sonagachi,

Kolkata. Plan is to implement this repeatable model and inspire other

NGO's to also take up this cause across India. Initial Estimated cost is USD

$200K.

We also plan to lobby the Indian Government to work towards the eradication of child prostitution.

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Introduction

There are an estimated 1.2 M children of prostitutes in India

Kolkata is the major hub of trafficking activities and for forcing women and children into Commercial Sexual Exploitation (CSE)

The Problem: Barely any NGO has taken up this cause of rescuing these innocent girls because of the inherent problems that come from working in these areas. They have all the resources but don’t have the will to venture into this territory. They are looking for someone to show them the

way.

The Solution: Project Udaan is a pilot project for the Sonagachi red light area in Kolkata, for creating a “Safe Haven” for 50 girls, where they can lead a normal childhood, safe from the real dangers of the flesh trade.

By setting up this “Safe Haven” we will demonstrate that such efforts can be very successful. This will encourage other NGOs to take up this cause and they will be able to reach out to the

remaining 1.2 million such needy children across India

The plan involves building a secure house away from the red light area. Our target age group is

5 – 18. We will provide them a safe home, food, clothing, modern education, health care,

vocational training & most importantly HOPE

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Target Intervention & Objectives

The objectives of the intervention are to:

1. Provide the target group with modern education facilities

2. Provide the older girls with skills training which will enable them to choose a means of earning their livelihood.

3. Create an enabling environment for children for all-round development of their personality and inculcate the passion for self- growth in their lives.

4. Inculcate good health and hygiene practices

5. De-traumatize the children through the Art of Living programs and equip them mentally, physically and emotionally for sustainable behavior transformation.

6. Create social leadership among the children for becoming leaders of social change in their community.

7. Provide counseling to children.

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Proposed Activities for the Intervention

1. Set up a residential school for 50 girls , at a location at a distance from the Red Light areas

2. Set up Skills & Vocational Training center

3. Include service based activities in the curriculum, increase the leadership skills & self

worth of the children

Include the spirituality courses in the curriculum :

Organize Bal Chetana Shibirs : Bal Chetana Shibirs have been customized especially for the all-round personality development. These Shibirs help to restore the joys

of childhood, innocence, and confidence among the children.

Organize ART Excel Courses: The ART Excel course is for children aged between 8 and 13 years, it helps them gain good personal skills and nurtures their best

natural potential. ART Excel students learn life skills, yoga and breathing

processes which help eliminate fear and anxiety, techniques that enhance focus

and concentration, simple meditation and relaxation techniques, skills in

friendship, leadership and teamwork. Activities such as making a new friend each day and random acts of kindness help students to become aware of the needs of others and encourage the integration of human values into their daily lives.

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Proposed Activities for the Intervention (cont.)

Empowerment programs for the Older Girl Child

: Create a workforce that would undertake initiatives at the community level to identify and resolve issues, leading to improving their overall living conditions. The programs will also

nurture and groom social leadership amongst them. The participants will be provided with a wide spectrum of in-depth training with regard to their physical,

mental and emotional development for dealing with any challenging situation effortlessly and to undertake their role in the society more effectively & efficiently.

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Expected Impact

The initiative plans at uplifting the girl child from the nightmarish, ghetto like life of the Red

Light Areas into the world which offers them opportunities equal to children from the mainstream of Society to which they are also entitled :-

1. Basic rights such as the right to live and right to protection

2. Education and opportunities to grow and develop

3. Livelihood options

4. Right against exploitation

5. Right to legal redress of grievances

The initiative also plans at developing the “Spiritual Quotient “ :

1. Developing a sense of self worth and self esteem

2. Development of a positive attitude and capacity to deal with challenging

situations

3. Enthusiasm to engage with life, with friends and family in a positive sharing and caring manner

4. Improved interest in studies and play

5. Developing an attitude to live life meaningfully

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The Project envisages the liberation from bondage of successive batches of Girl

Children from the Red Light area

Estimate for the Residential cum Vocational Training Center for 50 Girls

(A)

Capital Expenditure Land and Associated Expenses

*

Local unit for one ‘Cottaha’

•Boundary wall will be 108 running feet long and 8 feet high

Assumption: 1USD = 60 INR (Indian Rupees)

#

3

4

1

2

Item Unit

Cost of Land

Boundary walls all along the land

720 sq ft *

Landscaping

Legal and Architect Expenses

Quantity

10

108

Lump Sum

Lump Sum

Unit Rate

INR

330,000

1,410

Amount

INR

3,300,000

151,200

USD

55,000

2,520

100,000

200,000

1,667

3,333

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Solar Power for Kitchen & Emergency area

Total (A)

(B)

Construction Cost

Lump Sum 150,000

3,869,880

2,500

65,020

# Item Unit Quantity

Unit Rate

INR

INR

Amount

USD

1

The cost is estimated @Rs. 1600 per sq ft

Sq.

Ft.

4,200 1,600 6,720,000 112,000

Total (B) Construction Cost

Total (A) Land & Associated Expenses

6,720,000

3,869,880

112,000

65,020

Total Setup Cost For The Building (A + B)

(C)

Working Capital

Yearly recurring expenses = $23,000

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10,589,880 177,020

Total Funds Needed For The Project (A+B+C) $200,020

Project Plan

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9

Activity Q1

Months

Project team formation in the community

Rapport building with the community gate keepers and the stake holders and the service providers

1

Completed

Completed

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Identifying & purchase of Land

Obtaining All

Government

Approvals

Construction

Identifying the children for the school

Inauguration & start of School

Inauguration of

Skills Training

Center

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10 Bal Chetna Shibirs

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10

Art Excel and

YES! Courses

Periodical monitoring and reporting

Post intervention survey and the impact study of the project

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Q2

5 6

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Q3

8 9 10

Q4

11 12 13

Q5

14 15 16

Q6

17 18 19

Q7

10 21 22

Q8

23 24

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BRICKS OF HOPE

DONATE A BRICK OF HOPE

TO BUILD A HOME

STOP children from becoming sex workers

One brick is for $20 donation

Visit us on Facebook: facebook.com/projectudan

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APPENDIX

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Annexure 1: About Overseas Volunteer For A Better India

Overseas Volunteer for a Better India (OVBI) launched in May 2013, is a 501(c)(3) organization managed by a group of inspired NRIs ready to support initiatives in India and tackle issues the Indian community faces in the U.S. Our movement’s roots are grounded in the Volunteer for a Better India

(VBI) movement. On February 3rd, 2013 more than 100,000 concerned citizens united at Ram Lila

Maidan in New Delhi in response to rampant corruption, violence towards women, suicides and water shortages. On that day, in unison the group pledged to give 1 hour a day for the nation and to inspire millions of others to do so. And Volunteer for a Better India was born.

OVBI is the overseas arm of Volunteer for Better India. We believe that every individual can make a meaningful impact and play a role in the betterment of the global Indian community. Together we can transform the world in a way that would make great leaders like Mahatma Gandhi proud. We welcome participation from all global volunteers.

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Some Facts

Based on the study on ‘Children of Prostitutes’ conducted by Prof. K.K.

Mukherjee, Delhi School of Social Work (1991) in six major metropolitans cities including Kolkata the following can be estimated

Sonagachi has an estimated 11,000 prostitutes.

The child population in Sonagachi is estimated at 14,300

4,700 children are estimated to be illiterate.

3,400 are estimated to be in the age group 1-10 years

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Situational Analysis

The CSWB (1990) observed that these children were vulnerable to the ways of the trade right from their childhood.

1. Often, they remain on the streets at night, when their mothers are engaged with their clients.

2. Infants, who cannot be kept out at night, sleep below the bed on which the mother has to undergo her profession.

3. Toilet and sanitary facilities are inadequate and many of the young people bathe in open places (50% of the females of 14-18 years).

4. Children feel lonely, neglected, deprived and rejected

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Situational Analysis

1. Children are highly exposed to liquor and drug peddling, enticing clients for sex workers and eventually get involved in addiction and gang wars.

2. The girls are at high risk of getting absorbed in the flesh trade.

3. The boys end up becoming male prostitutes or pimps.

4. Sick children are mostly left unattended due to parents being busy entertaining clients.

5. The parents themselves abet trafficking, mostly for commercial gain

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Situational Analysis

1. Shocking as it may seem, children in brothels are extremely vulnerable to trafficking and sexual exploitation.

2. A large number of children of sex workers’ are in fact trafficked into sexual exploitation (Nair, 2005).

3. Dr. P. M. Nair of UNODC (2005) considers that this group of children are mostly vulnerable because:

Most of these children are born out of ‘illegitimate’ relationship

The parents themselves abet trafficking, mostly for commercial gain

They lack care and protection

They lack education and opportunities to grow and develop

They are deprived of livelihood options

They are deprived their basic rights such as the right to live & right to protection

Right against exploitation and right to legal redressal of grievances.

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Situational Analysis

The children of prostitutes faced a number of problems arising out of their life situation :

Social stigma, non-acceptance & social abuse

Lack of identity of fathers

Separation from the mothers indulgence/apathetic attitude of the mother

Loneliness, neglect, feeling of deprivation and rejection

Affliction with some diseases of the mother

Exposure to the world of prostitution

Lack of a father figure to provide security, care and guidance

Increased responsibility of the mother for maintenance of the children

Economic hardship

Lack of facilities to meet basic minimum needs, including health care

Unhealthy social environment

Malnutrition and ill health

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