Home Base Programs Chapter 8

Home Base Programs
Chapter 8
Perry C. Hanavan
Home Start
Head Start added Home Start
Home considered the base
Use home visitors to help parents
parents as teachers
– most programs were highly successful
– few still exist
Parents as Teachers Program
Regularly scheduled personal visits by
credential parent educators who provide
information on the child’s development,
model and involve parents in age-appropriate
activities with the child and respond to
parent’s questions
group meetings in which parents share
insights and build informal support networks
Monitoring of children’s progress by both
parents and home visitors to detect and treat
any emerging problems as earl as possible
linking of families with need community
services that are beyond the scope of the
Home Instruction Program for
Preschool Youngsters--HIPPY
• Developed in Israel
• In 1999, there were 121 programs
serving 15,000 families in 28 states,
Guam, and DC
• Multisensory program
• Paraprofessionals conduct home
visits bimonthly
Healthy Start
promote optimal child development
promote positive parenting
enhance parent-child interaction
ensure a health care home and full
• ensure use of community resources
including family planning
• prevent child abuse and neglect
Parent-Child Home Program-PCHP
• family literacy program that relies on positive
verbal interaction between the child, two to
four years old, and the primary caregiver
(verbal interaction program)
• Vygotsky cognitive curriculum
• home visitor demonstrates toys and books in a
play session with parent and child
• goal is to increase natural verbal interaction
between child and caregiver
• collaborative effort between parents,
social workers, therapists,
psychologists, etc.
• families in which children may have
been removed by the courts
• works closely with schools, juvenile
court, and other social agencies
• works with total family modeling
counseling and other support systems
Portage Project
Family centered demonstration program
1. intervention for children with disabilities
beginning as early as possible
2. parent/caregiver involvement critical for
3. intervention objectives and strategies
must be individualized for each child and
support functioning of family
4. data collection is important to reinforce
positive change and to make ongoing
intervention decisions
Children with Hearing Loss
• Instruction and learning, at least some of which is
through planned activity, taking place primarily in
a family setting with a parent acting as teacher or
supervisor of the activity (Lines, 1991, p. 10)
• During the 1980s, homeschooling began to
• Account for 1.7 percent of U.S. students in 2001
• Typically White, non-Hispanic, have 2 parents
with the mother as the teacher
Homeschooled Youth
• Most perform well academically
• Little risk in socialization, psychological
development, and self-esteem
• All states allow homeschooling
• Computers and the Internet has become an
important educational resource
Ten Reasons for Homeschooling
Can give child better education at home (48.9%)
Religious reasons (38.4%)
Poor learning environment at school (25.8%)
Family reasons (16.8%)
To develop character/morality (15.1%)
Object to what school teaches (12.1%)
School does not challenge child (11.6%)
Other problems with available schools (11.5%)
Student behavior problems at school (9.0%)
Child has special needs/disability (8.2%)
• BJ Pinchbeck’s Homework Helper
• Homework is a “task assigned to students
by school teachers that are meant to be
carried out during non-school hours”
(Cooper, 1994, p.2)
• Students in lower grade levels should be
given far less homework than in higher levels
• Parent involvement in homework should be
kept to a minimum
• The purpose of homework should be
identifiede and explained
• If homework is assigned, it should be
commented on
Teachers & Homework
Send homework that reinforces or enriches what was
learned in class
Create meaningful assignments—not haphazard busy
Explain the rules and regulations of homework (count
for grades, etc?)
Provide a homework form that the student fills out in
class that states the assignment, pages, or work sheets
that are assigned
Grade all homework personally and display on bulletin
boards to show students it is important
Communicate with parents to explain the process and
respond to any difficulties the family may experience
with homework
Teach study skills