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Is waste
to nature
and economic?
What is waste?
Waste means all objects and soild substance and also useless liquid
substances which are not sewages but made by people during their
everyday activities.
Structure of waste
Poland (2000r)
Solid :
• industrial – 75 %
• agricultural– 15 %
• municipal – 7 %
• dangereus– 3 %
• Organic part– 32 %
• mineral – 21 %
• paper– 19 %
• glass– 8 %
• plastic – 4 %
• metal – 4 %
• Other – 12 %
How waste affects the nature?
Waste in water:
Floating rubbish reduces the access to oxygen in water which makes
organisms living there die.
Dangerous chemical waste mixed with water, which is drunk by water
organism , pratlle anials.
 Water animal think rubbish is food and they eat for example : Turtles
think foils bag is jellyfish, they eat it which clog alimentary canal,
how to die in very suffering.
 Waves, salt water and ultraviolet radiation make crush plastic. Crus
plastic look like sand. They floating on a water surface mix with thing
what swim in water . In efect fish , bird and another animals eat
huge account of plastic, and they die .
Waste on the ground:
 Rubbish poisons the soil, so plants die or they are contaminated. If
animals eat contaminated plants they die.
 In waste there is a lot of pathogenic bacteries and mushroom
which attack people and animals.
 Landfull are the place of insects, birds and rodent, who delivers
 Animals think rubbish is food and they eat for example : foil which
clog alimentary canal, how to die in a great suffer.
Birds build their nest with plastic strings that people unconsciously
throw away and those strings block the access of blood to their limbs
which causes swelling or even death.
Waste in the air :
 When we combust many types of waste in home furnace, there
arise carcinogenic dioxins or others chemicals, which combined
with atmosphere cause acid rain.
Decomposition of waste
Garbage on landfills, or the thrown out in forests or anywhere, decompose for a long
time. That is why secondary processing is so important. It has huge effect on our
natural environment.
beverage carton: 10-30 years
tin can: 40-80 years
soda can: 50-100 years
plastic bag: 100-120 years
car tire: 300-500 years
plastic bottle: 500-1000 years
glass bottle: several thousand years; practically does not decompose at all
How rubbish affects economy?
 Garbage in parks, on the beaches and in similar places discourage
tourist to visit contaminated city.
 Garbage lead to many diseases, which effect is absence at work.
 Costs of treatment of diseases induced by garbage is high.
 Waste pollute drinking water, and people don’t want to move house
to such areas.
• encyklopedia Świat Wiedzy
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