Unit 6 Chapter 8, Section 4 The Executive Office Mr. Young American Government I CAN: 1. Explain some agencies within the Executive Office of the President 2. Determine the usefulness of the Executive Office of the President and its role within the Federal Bureaucracy 3. Analyze the Growth of the White House Office Staff Essential Question In what ways are the members of the White House Office similar to and different from the president’s cabinet? West Wing Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7ch13 ZuMu8 The Situation Room Executive Office of the President EOP- created by FDR in 1939 Individuals and agencies that directly assist the president Provide specialized advice and information, help implement decisions and gain more control over executive branch Explanation of White House Staff “Obtaining quickly and without delay all pertinent information…so as to guide him in making responsible decisions, and then when decisions have been made, to assist him in seeing to it that every administrative department and agency affected is promptly informed.” The President’s Committee on Administrative Management, 1937 EOP Today Consists of White House Staff and several specialized agencies Report directly to Pres. 1,500 full-time employees, most work in the West Wing Three Reasons for Growth 1. Every Pres has 2. 3. reorganized it by adding new agencies or expanding existing ones to help with problems Because some problems are complex, Pres has wanted expert advice Huge federal programs require several departments and agencies to work together Executive Office Agencies Office of Management and Budget Largest Agency in EOP Prepares national budget that Pres proposes to Congress Indicates what Pres will pay for and how much Key way for Pres to influence govt direction and policies National Security Council Created in 1947 Help coordinate American military and foreign policy Director of the NSC is the national security adviser Since 2001, have seen National Homeland Security Council created Council of Economic Advisers Created in 1946 to help formulate the nations economic policy Assess nations economic health, predicts future economic conditions, and proposes solutions to specific problems Domestic Policy Council Helps Pres plan and carry out long-range policies in domestic areas such as farming and energy National Economic Council Carry out longrange economic policies Office of Environmental Policy Advises President of environmental issues and works with Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Science and Technology Policy Advises Pres on all scientific and technological matters that affect national policies Office of the United States Trade Representative Helps negotiate trade agreements with other nations White House Office Appoints White House staff without Senate consent Top Assistants: Chief of Staff, Deputy chief of staff, White House Counsel, and Press Secretary Gather information and provide key advice on issues West Wing Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjMNjG sU86Q&feature=relmfu The Marine Sentinels Essential Question In what ways are the members of the White House Office similar to and different from the president’s cabinet?