Economic Geography Economic Geography Economic Geography Autumn 2012/2013 Lecturer: KUTTOR, Dániel Economic Geography Economic Geography Contacts: • Institute of World and Regional Economics • Building A/4, Room 9 • Telephone: 565 200 or 565 111 / 1887 • Dániel Kuttor: firstname.lastname@example.org Economic Geography Economic Geography Course objectives: The course intends to provide geographical knowledge for further economical studies. In the frame of the subject the physical, social and infrastructural factors which influence the location of the economic sectors, actors and activities are going to be detailed presented, analyzed and discussed. A modern, interactive environment is provided in the PC lab of the Institute. Each student will be equipped with an own computer during the lectures. Economic Geography Economic Geography Table of contents: • Introduction • Physical factors influencing the location of the economy • Social factors influencing the location of the economy • Infrastructural and communication factors influencing the location of the economy • Agriculture • Industry • Services • The location of the economy – theoretical approach • Main actors of the world economy - countries, companies Economic Geography Economic Geography Assignment: Writing an essay related to the determined topics which are determined by the lecturer and confirmed by the student. The essay (in extent of maximum 4000 words) may deal with the analysis of: - Socio-economic effects of the climate change; - Role of cities and congestions in the world economy; - Role of either an economic branch or an economic actor in the world economy; - Role of renewable energy in the prospective development; - Exploitation of limited resources (with special regard to the water, oil, forests, etc.) and the effects of shortages; - New theories of Economic Geography. Each student can acquire maximum 10 points (share of 10 %) according to her/his activity during the lectures. The student’s performance is going to be evaluated on the basis of the quality of essay (share of 30 %), the activity and the exam (share of 60 %). The students have the possibility to hold a short presentation during the lectures concerning the topic of the day for extra 10 points. Economic Geography Essay Required components: • • • • • • • Name Added information Date Introduction – Motivation Analysis Conclusions Sources Economic Geography Possible topics for essay Related to the MDGs by UN (Global Social Threats) Economic Geography Possible topics for essay The world's ongoing ecological disasters by Foreign Policy * Nigeria: Oil Spills * China: coal fires * Haiti: Deforestation * Uzbekistan-Kazkhstan: The shrinking of the Aral Sea * Pacific Ocean: The Eastern Garbage Patch Latest News or Environment Issues by National Geography Priority Areas by UNEP http://maps.grida.no/ Economic Geography Economic Geography Required readings: • Wheeler-Muller-Thrall-Fik: Economic Geography; Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; • Audrey N. Clark: Dictionary of Geography; Third Edition, Penguin Books; • National Geographic: Atlas of the World; Seventh Edition; • Reginald G. Golledge: Geographical theories; UNESCO, Blackwell Publisher 1996 • Paul Krugman: What’s new about the New Economic Geography?; Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol. 14, No. 2 1998 • PPT files (published on the web). Economic Geography Chapter I Introduction Economic Geography Introduction Geography: The study that deals with the material and human phenomena in the space accessible to human beings and their instruments, especially the patterns of, and variation in, their distribution in that space, on all scales, in the past or present. Physical Geo Human Geo Economic Geography Introduction Definition of Geography: Geo + Graph Economic Geography Introduction Definition of Human Geography: Concerned with the human activities (of individuals and of groups) and organization in so far as these relate to the interaction (past or present) of people with their physical environment and with the environments created by human beings themselves, and the consequences of these interrelationships. Economic Geography Introduction Definition of Physical Geography: Concerned with the physical characteristics and processes of the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Economic Geography Introduction • Human Geography –Field of knowledge that studies human-made features and phenomena on the Earth from a spatial perspective. Sub discipline of Geography. • Physical Geography –Field of knowledge that studies natural features and phenomena on the Earth from a spatial perspective. Sub discipline of Geography. Economic Geography Introduction • Human Impact Economic Geography Introduction Physical Geography Human Geography Rocks and Minerals Population Landforms Settlements Soils Human Migration Animals Urban Systems Plants Agricultural Systems Water Economic Activities Oceans Transportation Rivers and Other Water Bodies Recreational Activities Atmosphere Religion Climate and Weather Political Systems Environment Social Traditions Economic Geography Introduction Factors of production or (regional) economic growth: Labour >> Population characteristics; Land >> Natural resources; Capital stock >> Durable goods; Extra: Entrepreneurship, Technology, innovation. Source: Samuelson, Nordhaus, Haggett Economic Geography Introduction Resources (factors) influencing the location of world economy: Natural/physical; Social/human; Infrastructural/Institutional; Economic. Economic Geography Introduction Natural/physical resources: 1. Mineral resources (fuels, ores, metals, chemical raw materials, building materials, others); 2. Climate, weather (temperature, precipitation, air pressure, wind); 3. Water reserve (drinking-, irrigating-, industrial water, storage-lake, fishing, energy resource, transportation); 4. Relief; 5. Soil (quality, stability). Economic Geography Introduction Social/human resources: 1. Population and communities (labour market, consumers; neighbourhood relations; competencies); 2. Cultural heritage (material culture; intellectual culture; values and traditions; knowledge); 3. Social structure, life (proprietorship; power <democratic rights, pluralism; subsidiarity>; solidarity; system of aims); 4. Institutions, political and legal system (business federations; public safety; bureaucracy; legislation). Economic Geography Introduction Infrastructural resources: 1. Spatial structure and hierarchy of settlements (built-environment; real estate; public utilities; services <financial, commercial, social, environmental protection>); 2. Communication and transportation (ICT, telecommunication, logistics); 3. Innovation background (R&D institutions; innovation potential). Economic Geography Introduction Economic resources: 1. Location, proximity (distance from the core regions or the centres); 2. Economic development (trajectories, productive capacities; diversification; competition; cooperation); 3. Market conditions (demand and supply; price level; rate of return); 4. Capital stock and flow (concentration of capital; movements of capital); 5. Consumption behaviour (system of customs and tariffs; tax system, subsidies; preferences).