Rio +20 - Asian Farmers Association for Sustainable Rural

Rio +20
UN Conference on Sustainable
What is It?
• On 20-22 June 2012, governments from around the world will
gather in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to commemorate 20 years of
the "Earth Summit", the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development (UNCED) that first established a
global agenda for "sustainable development”
• 1992 summit adopted..
• the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB),
• the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
• and the Convention to Combat Desertification, were all adopted.
“… to secure renewed political
commitment for sustainable
development, assess the progress to
date and the remaining gaps in the
implementation of the outcomes of the
major summits on sustainable
development, and address new and
emerging challenges”
“20 years ago, the focus was on the
future, now it’s the present!”
1. a green economy in the context of
sustainable development and poverty
eradication; and
2. the institutional framework for
sustainable development.
 Member States elected at the First Preparatory Committee meeting in
May 2010 a 10-member Bureau (2 representatives from each region)
and Brazil as ex-officio member to steer the preparatory process and
decide on the roadmap and organization of work of the preparatory
 Under-Secretary-General of Economic and Social Affairs as the
Secretary-General of the Conference -- To support the Bureau and the
Conference Secretary-General in steering the preparatory process, a
secretariat has been established within the United Nations Department
of Economic and Social Affairs. The Conference Secretary-General in his
functions is supported by two Executive Coordinators and a team of
special advisors.
Important Dates
 First round of 'informal-informal' negotiations on the zero draft of
outcome document: 19 Mar 2012 - 23 Mar 2012, New York
Major Groups may only observe at these meetings and will not be allowed
to speak from the floor.
 Third Intersessional Meeting of the UNCSD: 26-27 March. Hoping major
Groups will be able to participate in a multi-stakeholder dialogue, as
was proposed to the Secretariat and Bureau
 Second round of 'informal-informal' negotiations on the zero draft of
outcome document, New York, 23 Apr 2012 - 4 May 2012
 3rd Preparatory Committee Meeting UN Conference on Sustainable
Development, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 13 Jun 2012 - 15 Jun 2012
Pre-Registration of Accredited Groups - Deadline May 20
Accreditation of New Groups - Deadline February 20
Major Groups
Business and Industry
Children and Youth
Indigenous Peoples
Local Authorities
Scientific and Technological Community
Workers and Trade Union
Farmers Major Group
Organizing Partners
• World Farmers Organization
• Via Campesina
Focal Point
Assistant Minister for Global Environmental Affairs and
International Cooperation
Ministry of Environment
Jakarta, Indonesia
Dr. Agus Prabowo
Director for Natural Resource and
Environmental Management
National Dev. Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)
 Indonesia considers that key issues that need to be addressed at the
Conference, amongst others are:
a. Addressing the remaining gaps in the implementation of sustainable
development, that include:
 • Improvement of the effectiveness of support deliveries for sustainable
 development programs in developing countries, including finance, access to
technology development and transfer, and enhancing capacity building.
 Provision of new and additional financial resources to support theachievement of
sustainable development objectives in developing countries.
 Address coherence and coordination among existing institutions and
b. Renew political commitment to ensure the delivery of international commitments
and agreements on sustainable development
c. Address emerging challenges:
 • food security
 • energy security
 • access to water
 • sustainable management of coastal and marine resources
Dr. Asdaporn Krairapanond
Senior Environ. Specialist
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
Mr. Petipong Pungbun Na Ayudhya
Permanent Secretary
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
 Reaffirm principles of 1992 Declaration
 political commitment to apply principles in the global
sustainable development agenda
 Outcome to address new and emerging challenges food and water security issues interlinked with
energy security issue
 Increasing effects of climate change such as
intensified natural disasters
 Sustainable Management of Biological resources
 Promotes the ‘Sufficiency Economy Policy’ of the King
Ms. Margarita R. Songco
Deputy Director-General, National Economic &
Development Authority (NEDA)
Ms. Sheila Marie M. Encabo
OIC Director., Agriculture Staff and Head
Philippine Council for Sustainable Development
Coordinating Secretariat
 Green economy in agriculture empowers smallholder
famers who are the backbone of the food system.
 Sustainable agriculture is a catalyzing force towards
Green economy.
 Sustainable agriculture shall mean any principle,
method, practice or philosophy that aims to make
agriculture economically viable, ecologically sound,
equitable, culturally appropriate and grounded on
holistic science
 Green economy follows nature’s law and thus works
towards agro-ecological farming or an ecosystembased farming as the way to sustain productivity
 Green economy ensures sustainable land management, putting
a balance between indigenous and scientific technologies. It
promotes the use of environment-friendly technologies (either
indigenous or modern) that are socially acceptable and
economically feasible.
 Training young farmers is an important driver towards achieving
sustainable agriculture and consequently green economy.
 In the fishery sector, green economy institutionalizes good
aquaculture practices to include socio-environmental standards
as well as promotion of ecosystem-based approach to fisheries
management (i.e., community-based coastal resource
Dr. Nguyen Thai Lai
Department of Water Resources
Ministry of Natural Resources and
H.E Dr. Mok Mareth
Senior Minister
Ministry of the Environment
#48 Samdech Preah Sihanouk, Tonle
Bassac, Chamkamon, Phnom Penh
Mr. Janak Raj Joshi
Joint Secretary
Ministry of Population and Environment
 LDCs such as Nepal should be supported to strengthen national
innovation capacity to generate appropriate technologies,
enhance extension services and improve market infrastructure
to increase the productivity of agriculture and natural resources.
It is also necessary to develop the adaptive and resilient
agricultural technologies that meet the need of poor, women
and excluded groups and communities in less-favored regions
such as wet and dry hills and mountains.
 vi. Recognizing the role of formal and informal sector, the farm
and non-farm linkages should be strengthened by improving
connectivity, creating post-harvest infrastructures and facilities,
promoting value adding small and micro enterprises (SMEs) and
increasing marketing and distribution efficiency.
Mr. Mesbah ul Alam
Ministry of Environment and Forests,
Government of the
People's Republic of Bangladesh
Dr. Atsushi Suginaka,
Director, Global Environment Division,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Nine proposals to achieve sustainable development
1. Disaster risk reduction
2. Energy
3. Food Security
4. Water
5. Future City
6. Education for Sustainable Development
7. Global Earth Observation System of Systems
8. Technological Innovation and Green Innovation
9. Biodiversity
 Japan proposes that food security be realized through sustainable
 Agricultural production and productivity need to be enhanced and will
need to be raised by 70% in order to feed the world’s population, which is
expected to reach 9 billion in 2050.
 co-existence of diverse agricultural patterns, improvement of disaster
response, and rural development are needed. In this regard, assistance and
expertise sharing will be needed in the least developing countries (LDCs)
to encourage regional dispersion of agricultural production to deal with
disaster risks caused by climate change.
 International policy coordination such as responsible agricultural
investment, improvement of market transparency, improvement of
agri-business and increasing investment to agricultural sector to
increase food production is also urgent.
 - the reducing of post-harvest loss
 - facilitating trade in food and agricultural products- organizing
farmers and human resource development for the purpose of resource
 In developing countries, it is indispensable to promote intensive and
efficient measures while encouraging proper agricultural investment
(in irrigation facilities, land improvement, agricultural research,
fertilizers, agricultural chemicals and market access) by utilizing
regional resources.
 Developed countries are especially required to reduce excessive
investment which places a heavy burden on the environment
“We emphasize the urgent need to increase efforts at
the national, regional and international levels to
address food security and agriculture development as
an integral part of the international development
agenda. We underline the need for sustained funding
and increased targeted investment to enhance world
food production and called for new and additional
financial resources from all sources to achieve
sustainable agriculture development and food
Way Forward - Emerging Issues:
 “We underline that agricultural development and food
security need to be prioritized to fulfill the right to
food and proper nutrition. This must be done by
eliminating barriers that distort international trade as
well as by promoting local food production by small
farmers, women, youth, indigenous peoples and rural
communities, and, where appropriate, by practices
that contribute to stability of food prices and
domestic markets, and regulation of food prices to
meet social needs.”
Food security
64. We reaffirm the right to food and call upon all States to
prioritize sustainable intensification of food production through
increased investment in local food production, improved access
to local and global agri-food markets, and reduced waste
throughout the supply chain, with special attention to women,
smallholders, youth, and indigenous farmers. We are committed
to ensuring proper nutrition for our people.
65. We call for more transparent and open trading systems and,
where appropriate, practices that contribute to the stability of
food prices and domestic markets; ensure access to land, water
and other resources; and support social protection programmes.
Zero Draft
 66. We further support initiatives at all levels that
improve access to information, enhance interactions
among farmers and experts through education and
extension services, and increase the use of
appropriate technologies for sustainable agriculture.
WSPA @ the RIO +20
The outcomes for Rio +20 must
recognize the benefits of humane
livestock systems for achieving
sustainable development in agriculture
and food production.
Next Steps
Engage governments
Contact country focal point - what are the country
processes, where you can participate
Contact Agriculture ministers re their role in the
Rio +20 preparations
Interact with Major groups
Dinah Fuentesfina
Asia Pacific Project Manager
Humane Sustainable Agriculture
World Society for the Protection of Animals