Renewable Energy Authority of Libya (REAOL)

Renewable Energy in Libya
( The Future Prospectives )
Eng. Mohamed R.Zaroug
Renewable Energy Authority of Libya (REAoL)
Wednesday 28th of March 2012
Amman, Jordan
Libya - Overview
 Area - 1.7 Million square kilometers
 Capital - Tripoli
 Population - 6.5 Million
 Main resources - Oil and gas
 Main industries - Petroleum, steel, cement and textiles.
Country resources
Libya’s resources
Proven oil reserves of
43 billions BOE with
significant additional
Gas reserves of 10
billions BOE
Libya in comparison
Largest oil reserves in
Fourth largest natural
gas reserves in Africa
GDP diversification:
The Libyan economy depends primarily upon revenues from
the oil sector
Oil and petchem
Pure non-oil
Source:IMF/Libyan Ministry of Planning, Global Insights, Ministry websites
Electricity generation by fuel type (2010)
Heavy fuel oil
Natural gas
Light fuel oil
Source: General electric company of Libya (GECOL)
The electricity main key figures
Year 2010
Peak demand
Installed capacity
6,300 MW
Electricity generated
Exchange Energy
32,500 MWh
70 GWh (Import)
152GWh (Export)
Consumption Per Capita
220 KV transmission system
13,782 Km
400 KV transmission system
2,823 Km
Source: General electric company of Libya (GECOL)
Existing and planned interconnection
Source: General electric company of Libya (GECOL)
Evolution of Electricity generation (2000-2010)
Source: General electric company of Libya (GECOL)
Electricity consumption per sector (2010)
Source: General electric company of Libya (GECOL)
Environment key figures:
The total CO2 Emissions in Libya is around 60.7 million tCO2e
(55% due to oil ، 45% due to N.G)
Power sector
Source: Libyan energy data profile- September- 2007
Environment key figures:
CO2 Emissions in Libya
Emissions share of world total
CO2 emissions per km
60.7 Million tCO2
0.2 %
31.54 tCO2
CO2 emissions per capita
10 tCO2
CO2 emissions per MWh
0.87 tCO2/MWh
Libya is a Non-Annex I country under the United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Ratification of the UNFCCC
Ratification of the Kyoto protocol
Establishment of designated national authority(DNA)
June 1999
August 2006
July 2010
RE Development in Libya:
Libya’s resources
Average solar
radiation of 2,470
High average wind
speed at several
Libya in comparison
One of the highest
solar radiation in the
Attractive global
location for wind
Libya is optimally placed to become a Renewables
leader in the region
It can exploit
its significant
wind and solar
It has a good
It can leverage its
high GDP
It can leverage its
education level
Solar energy potential
Solar radiation (kWh/m2/day)
 Average solar radiation
of 2,470 kWh/m2/day
 One of the highest solar
radiation in the world
Solar energy potential in comparison
Capacity (GW)
Wind energy potential
Wind speed (m/s)
 26 meteorological stations
were installed in different
places in Libya to measure the
wind speed and identify the
most suitable places for wind
 Based on measurements
from meteorological stations
and satellite data ,the wind
atlas for Libya has been
Wind energy potential in comparison
Capacity (GW)
Renewable energy applications in Libya:
1- Photovoltaic applications:
The total installed PV capacity in Libya by the end of year 2010 is
around 4 MW divided to:
 PV for Rural Electrification
 PV for Water pumping
 PV for street lights
 PV for Communication Networks
 PV for Roof top systems
 PV for Cathodic protection
PV in Rural
 The use of PV
systems for rural
electrification and
lighting was started
in 2003
 318 PV systems
were installed to
supply small remote
area with a total
power 236 KWp
PV for Water
 Projects in the field of water pumping was started 1983 where PV
pumping system was used to pump water for irrigation at El-Agailat
 The water pumping project consists of installing of 10 PV systems with a
total estimated peak power for this application is 40 KWp.
PV in Communication
 Projects
communication was started 1980
where a PV system was used to
supply energy to a microwave
repeater station near Zella
 The total number of stations
running by PV in the field of
communications exceeding 120
 The total installed photovoltaic
peak power installed is around 3
PV in Roof top
 The use of PV grid
systems was started in
 10 PV grid connected
roof top systems were
installed with a capacity
of 3 KWp each.
PV in Cathodic
 The first project put into
work was in 1976 to protect
the oil pipe line connecting
Dahra oil field with Sedra Port.
 The total PV systems in this
field is around 320 systems,
with a total installed PV
systems of 650 KWp.
2- Solar thermal applications:
Solar thermal
 The use of domestic
solar heater started in
1980 by installing a pilot
project of 35 systems.
 There are all together
about 6000 solar heaters
in Libya.
3- Meteorological stations for Wind energy:
26 Meteorological stations for wind energy were installed in different
locations in Libya
Renewable Energy Institutions in Libya:
 Solar Energy Research Center
 Renewable Energy Authority of Libya (REAOL)
The Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy Authority of Libya (REAOL):
 REAOL is a governmental agency, it was established in 2007
 The main objectives of REAOL are:
 Implement of renewable energy in various forms.
 Rise the contribution of renewable energy in the national energy mix.
 Encourage and support the industries related to renewable energy.
 Propose the legislation needed to support renewable energy.
REAoL‘s plan for developing the renewable energy
in Libya:
6% RE Share
750 MW Wind
100 MW CSP
50 MW PV
150 MW SWH
10% RE Share
1500 MW Wind
800 MW CSP
150 MW PV
300 MW SWH
Wind projects within the mid term plan
 Dernah wind farm Phase 1 - 60 MW
(Under construction)
 Al-Maqrun wind farm Phase 1 - 120 MW (Awarded)
 Al-Maqrun wind farm Phase 2 -120 MW (Under negotiation)
 Western region wind farms - 250 MW
(Under development)
 Southern region wind farms - 250 MW
(Under development)
Dernah wind farm:
 The project is located in the north east of Libya.
 The average wind speed is 7m/s .
 The capacity factor is around 40 % .
 The project consists of 37 wind turbines, with
…..capacity 1.65MW each.
 The total installed capacity is 60 MW.
 The expected annual electricity generation
…..215 GWh
 The expected GHG emission reduction is
….188,000 tCO2/year
Solar projects within the mid term plan
 Expanding the use of PV technologies to feed remote areas(2 MW)
 Project on the use of solar heating in the residential sector (10,000
….units as first stage)
 Large scale PV plant grid connected 15 MW (Awarded)
 500 systems PV roof top systems to supply residential areas
 CSP plant with capacity of 100 MW ( Under development )
Local manufacturing within the mid term plan :
 Build a factory for thermal heating systems with annual production
….capacity of 40,000 units (Joint venture). (Under negotiation)
 Build a factory for PV systems with production capacity of 50 MW
….(Joint venture). (Under negotiation)
Technical Agreements of REAOL:
 Technical agreement with the Italian ministry of environment in field
…...of sustainable development and renewable energy
 Technical agreement with Austrian company (CARBON) in
…..field of Clean development Mechanism (CDM)
 Technical agreement with Spanish company (Abenqua) in field of
…..Solar energy (CSP)
 Technical agreement with Empower program in field of Solar energy
Main Barriers of RE in Libya:
 Subsidies for Electricity
 The institutional setting is not favourable for sustainable
…..long-term policies and strategies
 Lack of legal framework for IPP
 Lack of technical skills
International cooperation:
World Bank
Libya & International initiatives:
Eng. Mohamed R.Zaroug
Renewable Energy Authority of Libya (REAoL)
Tel:+218 21 340 99 97
Fax:+218 21 340 86 02
Mobile:+218 92 645 61 85