PAS 220 = ISO 22002-1

News for food enterprises and retailers:
ISO 22000 + PAS 220 = FSSC 22000
2nd qualityaustria Forum in Serbia, Belgrade
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 1 -
 Introduction:
 food safety issues and challenges
 Perspective of the consumers
 What are the retailers expectations and how do
they react?
 Public, ISO and private Standards
 How to bridge the gap? From ISO 22000 FSSC
 Some special requirements of PAS and FS 22
 What scheme should be choosen?
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 2 -
GFSI 2011, Author Marion Nestle
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 3 -
FOOD SAFETY Challenges!
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 4 -
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 5 -
What do consumers ask:
Is our food reliable enough?
food scares Consumers!!
But Food has to be cheap in Europe!
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 6 -
From the perspective of the
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 7 -
Retailer Brand / private labels
• Retailer brands are market sector
• Brand ownership and loyalty is
business critical
• increase of legal responsibilities for
retailers regarding own labels
• name & shame policy by Media,
NGO’s and by the government
• UK Retailers are unter Under
Constant pressure
• Retailer are afraid for their private
• This is the key factor driving private
What consequences was taken by
- third party Audits
- Development of retail driven private
standards and
to Benchmark the
Certification schemes by GFSI
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 9 -
3 rd party Audits!
 .. to ensure that suppliers of own branded /
retailer branded products are able to Supply
safe products and Satisfy legislation
 Manufacturers has to maintain continuous
 Retailer do not accept a period without a
valid certificate
 3 rd Party Audits of Suppliers are a part
of the due diligence requirements of the
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 10 -
Yves Rey GFSI Vice Chair
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 11 -
From public to private schemes!
Groups and History of Standards and
1. WHO /FAO Codex Alimentarius
documents with principles of food
hygiene and HACCP
2. Food regulation and food law
3. International Standardisation
Organisation ISO with ISO 22000
standards family and much more…
4. Private Standards and GFSI recognised
LM Kalibrierung Greimel Alfred
- Folie 12 -
What is GFSI?
 GFSI is a global food network made up of retailers,
manufacturers, food services and other stakeholders
 Primary goal: “Once certified, accepted everywhere” and
Continuous improvement in FSMS to ensure confidence in
the delivery of safe food to consumers
 GFSI "benchmarks" food standards against
food safety criteria
 The food safety schemes
currently benchmarked by GFSI
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 13 -
GFSI recognised schemes:
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 14 -
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 15 -
ISO 22000
FSSC 22000
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 16 -
ISO 22000 is not recognised by
 … ISO is not a legal entity, ISO 22000 do not
have an owner!
 international “democratic” structure of ISO
needs allways many years for amendments!
 ISO covers the whole food chain…
 That is why ISO 22000 itself could not include
different and detailed PRP -prerequisite
programs for foodsafety and can not be
recognised by GFSI.
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 17 -
How to close the loop:
Danone, Unilever, Kraft, Nestlé (Big 4) and
CIAA Confederation of the Food und Drink
Industry of the EU together with BSI has
developed PAS 220
Yves Rey GFSI Vice Chair
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 18 -
PAS 220 Public available specification
 PAS 220 has addressed the missing and
important core elements in ISO 22000 under
Clause 7.2.3
 Could achieve Harmonization of food
manufacturer’s PRP’s
 Directly addresses requirements of GFSI
 Follower: ISO 22002/1
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 19 -
PAS 220 = ISO 22002-1:
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 20 -
Yves Rey GFSI Vice Chair
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 21 -
FSSC 2000 certification
 certification audit in 2 stages
 Certificate valid for 3 years
 Annual surveillance audits
and 3 yearly renewal
 NC: Minor, Major
 Certificate GFSI recognized
 Manufacturers that are
certified against ISO 22000
will only need an additional
PAS 220/ISO 22002-1
 Register of Certified
Organizations on FSSC
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 22 -
additional requirements to
PAS 220
 Rework, Warehousing
 Product information/consumer awareness
 Food defense,
biovigilance and bioterrorism
.. Have been incorporated and others have
been expanded
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 23 -
additional requirements
to FS 22
 legal requirements
and Codex hygiene
principles (e .g.
laboratory facilities,
allergen management)
 ..more detailed than legal
requirements and Codex
hygiene principles
 e.g. recall withdrawal also
detailed in ISO 22000
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 24 -
FS 22 special requirements:
1. Specifications for
services (including
transport and
2. Organisations shall
ensure Supervision of
personnel in application of
food safety principles and
appropriate practices..
3. …shall have an Inventory of applicable regulations of the national and
foreign, regulatory and
statutory requirements
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 25 -
FSSC 22000 or ISO 22000?
 When choosing a
certification scheme keep in
mind that FSSC 22000
applies to manufacturers.
 If you are not a
manufacturer, but are a
company in the food chain,
use ISO 22000.
 If you manufacture food
products you have a choice
of ISO 22000 or FSSC
22000. Determine which
your customer base
prefers. For GFSI
recognition, choose FSSC
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 26 -
PAS requirements details!
(presentation of 27-30 depends on remaining time!)
 Rework (14: PAS) Not mentioned In ISO 22000. Codex
hygiene gulde, EC 852/2004
 Segregation requirements for rework (e.g. allergen)
shall be documented and met.
 Rework shall be clearly identified and/or labelled to
allow traceability. Traceability records for rework
shall be maintained
 14.3 Rework usage
 Where rework is incorporated into a product as an
”in-process” step, the acceptable quantity, type and
conditions of rework use shall be specified.
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 27 -
PAS requirements details!
 Warehousing (16: PAS)
 Effective control of warehousing temperature,
humidity and other environmental conditions shall
be provided where required by product or storage
 NOTE It is recommended that where products are
stacked, consideration is given to measures
necessary to protect the lower layers.
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 28 -
PAS requirements details!
 Product information/consumer awareness
(PAS 17)
 Information shall be presented to consumers in such
a way as to enable them to understand its
importance and make informed choices.
 Food defence, biovigilance and bioterrorism
(PAS 18)
 Each establishment shall assess the hazard to
products posed by potential acts of sabotage,
vandalism or terrorism and shall put in place
proportional protective measures.
 18.2 Access controls: Potentially sensitive areas
within the establishment shall be identified, mapped
and subjected to access control.
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 29 -
PAS requirements details!
Measures for prevention of cross contamination
PAS 10
10.2 Microbiological cross contamination:
 separation of raw from finished or ready to eat
(RTE) products;
 10.3 Allergen management:
 Products shall be protected from unintended
allergen cross contact by cleaning and line changeover practices and/or product sequencing.
 Rework containing allergen(s) shall be used only: a)
in products which contain the same allergen(s) by
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 30 -
Quality Austria: Issued food
safety certificates August 2011
Food safety system management/ Hygienemanagement:
 ISO 22000: 150 (Marocco, Serbia, Iran, Turkey, Italy)
 FSSC: 1 Agrana (international producer of fruit and starch);
many requests international: Coca Cola / Airliquide
 HACCP: 301 including ISO 15593 (Hygiene of packaging
 IFS: 170
 IFS Logistic: 8
 BRC Global standard food: 61, BRC/GS packaging: 18;
 FACE (spain scheme, free of allergens / gluten): 2
 August 2011: 1469 issued certificates for the Food Scope; ISO
9001: 609; ISO 14000: 92
 726 certificates for food safety schemes (inkl.primary
production); Kundenliste food safety management systems
LM Kalibrierung Greimel Alfred
- Folie 31 -
Thank you very much for your
Alfred Greimel
- Folie 32 -
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