The Psychology of Reading

Developmental Reading Chapter 3
“A glimpse at the behavior of how you read. . .”
 Psychology is the science of human
mind that directs to human behavior,
thinking, and intellectual processes.
 Reading makes constant use of the
eyes. Studies on eye movements show
that the eyes should move rhythmically
and regularly along the printed line if
reading is to be effective.
 However, the eyes percieve printed
words during a series pf pauses or
 When the eyes stop at any given point
along a line print, only five letters
immediately around the fixation point
are seen with 100 percent acuity.
 Vision is also reduced while the eyes
are in motion; hence recognition is
quite difficult when the eyes are
 Reading involves these eye movements:
fixation, interfixation, return sweeps,
and regression.
 Fixation is the vertical mark when the
eyes stop and the film continues to
move. Good readers have fewer
fixations than poor readers.
 Interfixation is the short horizontal
line caused by the eyes which move
from one stopping point to another.
 Are long slanting lines resulting fthe
quick swinging back of the eyes from
one end of the line to the beginning of
the next line.
 Regressions are backward or right-to-
left movements made in a reverse
 Span of recognition or perception span
is the number of words taken every
time the eyes stop.
 Duration of fixation is the length of
time the eyes pause.