Fundamentals of Forensic

Assessment

David L. Shapiro, Ph. D.

Nova Southeastern University

Similarities: Clinical & Forensic

Use of broad range of assessment techniques to answer referral questions.

Integration of data looking for consistencies and inconsistencies.

Preparation of comprehensive report to address referral questions.

Differences: Clinical & Forensic

Different Focus

Clinical: diagnosis, prognosis, treatment recommendations

Forensic: legal issues in addition

Informed Consent

Forensic has some elements above and beyond clinical

Differences (continued)

Need to integrate clinical and legal issues

Concept of functional legal competencies

Clinical finding different from legal issues

Access to data: May be different

Issues of confidentiality and privilege

Use of Traditional Psychological

Tests in Forensic Practice

Objective Testing: Problems with test validation

Objective Testing: Problem with conceptual issues

Projective Testing: Issues regarding validity and reliability

Use of Traditional Psychological

Tests in Forensic Practice (continued)

Cognitive Testing: Cautions regarding “real world data” – e.g. Miranda

Trauma Testing: Increased Relevance for

Forensic Issues

Tests for Malingering: Relevance and cautions in forensic issues

Objective Testing

Computerized printouts- integration with other data

Issues of normative data bases

Ethical issues

Limits of interpretation

What tests to use?

Malingering indices

Projective Testing

Early uses of projectives

Limits of Interpretation

Constraints in forensic settings

Subjective/Objective Interpretation

External Verification (e.g. D.P. case)

Cognitive Testing

Evaluation of scales

Limits of Interpretation

External Verification

Relevance to certain legal tests:

Unique status

Neuropsychological screening

Trauma Testing

Distinction from Trauma Scales on Tests

Need for external verification

Cautions in interpretation

TSI/TSI-2

DAPS

Malingering

Use of history and collateral data

Cognitive and personality: need to keep tests separate

SIRS

TOMM

VIP

SIMS

MPS

Forensic Assessment Instruments

Integration of legal issues into test construction

Formulated around legal constructs

Use in conjunction with clinical tests

Grisso Instruments

Miranda Rights

CMR

CMR-R

CMV

FRI

Increasing complexity:

Comparison of scores

Need for external verification

Competency to Stand Trial

Sentence Completion Tests (CST)

Structured Interview )CAI)

Interdisciplinary Fitness Interview (IFI)

MAC-CAT-CA

FIT

ILK (Malingering Test)

ECST-R

GCCT

Criminal Responsibility

Structured Interviews

Collateral Material

R-CRAS- cautions

Assessment of Violent Behavior

Early History

“Three Generations”

Role of Mental Illness

The Macarthur Studies

Conceptual Shifts

Five Domains

Types of Violence Assessment

Clinical

Anamnestic

Actuarial

Adjusted Actuarial

Structured Professional Judgment

Types of Violence Assessment

Actuarial:

VRAG

DVRAG

S.P.J:

PCL-R

HCR-20

Sex Offender Evaluation

Sexually Violent Predator Laws

Actuarial, Adjusted Actuarial

Clinical, Anamnestic

S.P.J.

Sex Offender Assessments

Actuarial

SORAG

STATIC-99 (2002)

MNSOST-R

S.P.J.

SVR-20

Use of PCL-R

Child Custody & Parental Fitness

PASI

Bricklin Perceptual scales

ASPECT

Admissibility of Expert Testimony

Frye v. U.S. (1923)

Federal Rules of Evidence (1975)

Daubert v. Merrell Dow (1993)

Kumho v. Carimichael (1999)

F.R.E. Amendments (2000)

Current Status

Tzkseminars

Keith Hannan, Ph.D., consultant to juvenile facilities on “Conduct Disorder.” Dr.

Hannan also does a Friday afternoon webinar series on juvenile delinquency

David Shapiro, Ph.D., the father of clinical forensic psychology on the

“Fundamentals of Forensic Assessment.” Learn forensic assessment from the best.

David McDuff, M.D., consultant to the Baltimore Orioles and Ravens on “Sports

Psychiatry.” This webinar is appropriate for all mental health clinicians interested in working with athletes.

Heather Hartman-Hall, Ph.D., internship training director and talented clinician on

“Making Sense of the Complexities of Trauma.”

Scott Hannan, Ph.D., seen on the show “Hoarders,” on “Cognitive Behavioral

Therapy for School Refusal.”

Michael Herkov, Ph.D., of the University of Florida, on “The Ten Most Common

Ethical Errors.”

New speakers coming soon!!!

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