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Research backdrop…
Visuomotor Skills:
• LEARN
• REFINE (master)
• PERFORM (under pressure)
Neuroscience
1
Visuomotor
Control
Applied Sport
Psychology
Cognitive
Psychology
Visual control- The Quiet Eye
2
•
Experts seem to know where
and when to look...
•
The duration of the final fixation
prior to movement is critical...!
•
Named the Quiet Eye
(QE; Vickers, 1996)
-
Longer QE for experts and
successful shots.
-
Shorter QE when anxious.
Can we train the QE?
(rather than the movement)
• LEARN
• REFINE
• PERFORM
3
• Train to adopt expert QE:
– Different sports.
– Novice and elite.
• QE trained vs. Control.
• Training phase.
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• Testing phase:
– Retention (learning)
– Pressure (anxiety)
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VINE, S.J. & Wilson, M.R. (2011). The influence of quiet eye training and pressure on attention
and visuo-motor control. Acta Psychologica: 136, 340–346.
Applications to Surgery...
6
•
Laparoscopic surgery:
- ‘Key hole’ surgery
•
...is challenging:
- Elongated tools
- 2D Image on screen
•
...and stressful:
- Under pressure
- Multi - tasking
Gaze
Motor
Control
Completion Time (seconds)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
Baseline
Tenth
Retention Multi-task
7
8
Keep your eyes on the prize...
Thank you!
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