Oral Reading Fluency in Cebuano and English

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Oral Reading Fluency in Cebuano
and English: Implications to
MTBMLE Policy
Cristie Ann Jaca Delfin, Ph.D
University of San Carlos
Introduction
• Reading as a cognitive process
• Reading as a basic skill
• Reading as a means of language
development
• Oral reading performance is a
great factor in language
proficiency
Introduction
 Reading as a cognitive process
Situationer
 When students read text orally, they
tend to mispronounce some words,
miss reading certain words, swap the
order of words or even substitute the
word with another word.
Oral Reading
 Oral reading is a reliable language
activity of monitoring the reading
fluency of the students.
 Oral reading is a skill that needs to be
assessed.
 Oral reading fluency is also one of the
expected language skill among students.
 Oral reading provides an opportunity
for the teacher to guide the learner and
give any feedback (Bethwinst, 2010).
 The act of reading aloud is often
used to develop or test reading
skills and oral fluency.
 K to 12 and MTBMLE Policy
 DepEd Order No. 74 series of
2009
- Institutionalization of MTBMLE
- Mother Tongue as (MOI)
- Mother Tongue as a Subject
determine, develop, respond, improve
• Reading as a cognitive process.
• Reading as a basic skill.
• Reading as a means of language
development.
• Oral reading performance is a
great factor in language
proficiency.
McGinnis & Smith (1982)
What are the common errors made by the
students during their oral reading in
terms of:
1. repetition
2. substitution
3. omission
4. insertion
5. mispronunciation
6. reversal
7. words aided
Research Methodology
•
•
•
•
•
descriptive
qualitative-quantitative
Cebuano and English oral reading
Grade One pupils
Cebu City
Cebuano Folktale
Nganong Mutuktugaok Ang Sunoy
Why the Cock Crows
Findings
• Grade 1 pupils fall short of the oral
reading ability expected of them
• Errors in word recognition reflect non
mastery of the basic sounds of the
language
• Less exposure to varied reading
materials contribute to the students’
hesitance in reading
• Guided and repeated oral reading has
positive impact on achievement in word
recognition, fluency, and
comprehension
Implications
• Oral reading is an important classroom
activity which can be used as benchmark
for children who are developing their
reading skills or for students learning a
new language.
• Oral reading performance is a great
factor in language proficiency.
• The teaching of reading should
incorporate the use of the Mother
Tongue.
• MTBMLE Policy should be considered.
Conclusion
• When students read a material
where the words are unfamiliar to
them, they predictably produce
errors. These errors can be used
as benchmark in designing
classroom activities that will
develop and improve the students
reading skills.
Recommendations
• Regular oral reading fluency test
should be conducted before,
during, and after every grading
period to monitor the students’
reading ability.
• Students should be exposed to
different reading materials and
these materials should be used in
the classroom.
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