Tragic Love An Introduction to Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet Setting Verona, Italy • Late 1500s • Characters:The Capulets Juliet Capulet – a lovely girl of almost fourteen Lord and Lady Capulet – her noble parents who are in a bitter feud with the Montagues Count Paris – The man Juliet’s parents want her to marry Tybalt – her hot-tempered cousin Nurse – the woman who has cared for Juliet since she was born Characters: The Montagues Romeo Montague – the romantic son of the Montagues who falls in love with Juliet at first sight Lord and Lady Montague – Romeo’s noble parents who feud with the Capulets Benvolio Montague – Romeo’s cousin, a peacemaker Mercutio – friend of Romeo, humorous, a card Friar Laurence – An influential Franciscan priest Shakespeare Wrote Plays That Were Comedies and Tragedies Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy. Examples of tragedy: Thinking about Tragedy What tragedies have taken place in human history? What television shows, movies, or books show tragedy? How does tragedy affect people’s lives? Tragic Love Romeo and Juliet is considered a tragic love story. What is tragic love? How does tragic love affect teenagers today? What is a Tragedy? A narrative about serious and important actions that end unhappily. Usually a tragedy ends with the deaths of the main characters. In some, the disaster this totally innocent characters; in others the main characters are in some ways responsible for their downfall. Shakespeare’s Tragic Plays Usually Follow This Five-Part Pattern Act I – Act II – Act III – . Act V – Act IV – Shakespeare’s Tragic Plays Usually Follow This Five-Part Pattern (Gosh, doesn’t this look like something you’d need to know for a test?!?!) Act I – Exposition Act II – Rising Action Introduces setting, characters, background, and conflict. Complications arise as characters take action to resolve problems. Act V – Climax and Resolution The climax is usually the deaths of the main characters. The loose parts of the plot are tied up in the resolution. Act III – Crisis/Turning Point The forces of conflict come together and the characrers determine the direction of the action. Act IV – Falling Action Events that result from actions taken at turning point. Lock characters deeper into disaster and into tragedy. Romeo and Juliet: Summary A family feud Falling in love A secret marriage Romeo and Juliet: Summary A fight A banishment A match-making father Romeo and Juliet: Summary A desperate plan Some deadly gossip The death of Romeo and Juliet A lesson learned Romeo and Juliet Today Why do we read Romeo and Juliet today? How does the story connect to the lives of teenagers today? Think locally, think globally. Literary Terms We’ll Study (in addition to reviewing those we’ve already learned) Dramatic Irony Soliloquy Foil Iambic pentameter Allusion Tragedy Foreshadowing Blank verse Aside Couplet Comic relief Stanzas Puns Prologue Implied Metaphors Meter Sonnet Climax Rhyme and rhyme scheme Drama Homework Your homework tonight is to use the Handbook of Literary Terms beginning on page 967 in the back of your textbook to write the definitions for all 20 of the literary terms on the previous slide. I have a handout. Aren’t I nice? It is due ____________. All of these terms will appear in some form on your final test.