What were Oliver Cromwell’s motivations? Based on your previous work, create a timeline of the life of Oliver Cromwell. You will need to include events from the Civil War, the Commonwealth and the Protectorate. 1599 1616 •Born Huntingdon - 25th April •Enters Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge 1628 1640 1642 1643 1644 1650 •MP for Huntingdon •MP for Cambridge •Raises troops for Parliament •Colonel in the Eastern Association •Lieutenant-General of the Eastern Association Army •Battle of Marston Moor - 2nd July •Battle of Newbury - 27th October •Lieutenant-General of the New Model Army •Battle of Naseby - 14th June •Supports Parliamentary army in clashes with Parliament •Crushes royalist rising in South Wales •Battle of Preston - 18th August •Supports trial and execution of the King - January •Commands army sent to crush Ireland - August •Commands army sent to crush Scotland - July 1650 1651 •Battle of Dunbar - 3rd September •Battle of Worcester - 3rd September 1653 •Dissolves Parliament - 20th April •Becomes Lord Protector - 16th December •Meets first Protectorate Parliament - September •System of the Major- Generals established - October •Meets second Protectorate Parliament - September •Rejects Parliament's offer of the crown and remains Lord Protector, March - June •Dies at Whitehall - 3rd September •Exhumed and posthumously 'executed' - 30th January 1645 1647 1648 1649 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1661 What do these events suggest about Cromwell’s motivations? Do you think he was driven by contemporary circumstances or his own personal beliefs? Have a look at the letters and portraits. As you study each one, you need to do the following: a) Add it to your timeline of Cromwell’s life (in a different colour). b) What does it tell us about Cromwell’s motivations? Try to add a quote or a description to support your point. Having looked at the portraits and letters of Cromwell, what do they tell us about his motivations? Colour-code your timeline to show the different motivations e.g. religion, reliance on the army, personal interest Consider the following questions ready for discussion: a) Do the motivations highlighted in the portraits and letters correspond with the events of Cromwell’s life? b) Do Cromwell’s motivations change over time? c) To what extent was Cromwell driven by contemporary events rather than his own personal beliefs? Write a paragraph to answer the last question What other sources of evidence could we use to discover the motivations behind Cromwell’s actions? Make sure you explain why you would consult each particular source. Next steps: Your next step should be to visit the Cromwell Museum and Archives. Can you find any more evidence of Cromwell’s motivations?