missions, San Jose

The Mission San José (1720)
The Spanish established a chain of missions along the San Antonio River. These missions
became the foundation for the city of San Antonio. Named San Jose, this mission was
established by Fray Antonio Margil de Jesus in 1720. A model among the Texas
missions, San Jose gained a reputation as a major social and cultural center. Among
the San Antonio missions, it also provided the strongest fort against raids from Indians.
Map Plan of Mission San José
1. Entrance Station
2. Indian Quarters (west wall)
3. West Well
4. Oven
5. Granary
6. Spanish Residence
7. Grape Arbor
8. Archway
9. Flour Mill
10. Amphitheater
11. Church Front Entrance
14. East Well
15. East Gate
16. Indian Quarters
17. Ruins (east wall)
19. Southeast Gate
20. Indian Quarters
21. South Well
22. Cemetery Plot
residence: where people live
granary: a storehouse for grain or animal feed
quarters: a place of residence
Photo of Mission San José
Questions about the Mission San José
Locate the different structures on Map Plan of Mission San José, slide 3.
Which buildings do you think were most important to the operation of the
mission? Why?
Do you think that Mission San José was designed to be self-sufficient (run on
its own)? Why or why not?
Try to match some of the structures keyed on the map plan, slide 3, to the
aerial photo, slide 4. What structures appear still exist?
What do the remaining buildings tell us about the technology of the people
who lived there? How do the buildings indicate the region's climate?