Suffixes Reading standard 1.8 Use knowledge of suffixes to determine the meaning of words. Suffixes • Today we are going to use suffixes to determine the meaning of words. • Determine= figure out • What are we going to do today? • What are we going to determine? Suffixes • My cousin is taller than me. Is your cousin taller than you? • Who is the tallest person in your house? • Are you a helpful student? A suffix is a word part added to the end of a base word. A suffix also changes the meaning of a word. Suffixes We Know Examples -er person or thing that does something farmer -or -doer actor -er more than (2 things) sweeter -est- to the greatest extent sweetest -ful- full of something -less without -able, -ible can be handful useless buildable reversible WARNING! Non examples Just because a word ends with er, est, ful, or another suffix doesn’t mean it is a suffix. If there is no base word, then it’s not a suffix. Non Examples 1.The panda had a lot of anger towards the fish. If there is no base word, then it’s not a suffix. Ang is not a base word, so er is not a suffix in this case. 2. The police are trained to arrest people. Arr is not a base word, so est is not a suffix in this case. 3.The polluted water looked awful. Aw is not a base word, so ful is not a suffix in this case. Importance • Why is it important to know suffixes? • The pictures will help you determine the meaning of the words. Suffixes Farmer- the –er changes “farm” to “someone who farms” Actor-the –or changes the word from “act” to “someone who acts” Suffixes Sweetest- the –est changes the word to mean the most sweet handful- the –ful means full of Suffixes strongest useless Suffixes buildable reversible Directions • • • • Read the sentence. Think: “What is the sentence about?” Look at the prefix definition. Choose and write the best prefix for the sentence. Practice • Choose and write the best suffix that completes the sentence. 1. Is your room_____ than my room? (a) colder (b) coldest (c) coldier 2. That was the ______ story I ever read. (a) funnier (b) funnyest (c) funniest Practice 3. Becky has a _____ of oranges in her hands. (a) handdful (b)handful ©handfull Review • A suffix is a word part added to the end of a base word. • A suffix also changes the meaning of a word. • REMEMBER! If there is no base word, then it’s not a suffix.