Muslim Empires Unit 2, SSWH 12 a & b

Muslim Empires
Unit 2, SSWH 12 a & b
What were the origins and
contributions of the Ottomans, Safavid,
and Mughal empires?
a. Describe the geographical extent of the
Ottoman Empire during the rule of
Suleyman the Magnificent, the Safavid
Empire during the reign of Shah Abbas I,
and the Mughal Empire during the reigns
of Babur and Akbar.
b. Explain the ways in which these Muslim
empires influenced religion, law, and the
arts in their parts of the world.
Ottoman Empire
(Modern Turkey)
Suleyman-Known as the Magnificent for his court
& cultural achievements, created a law code
Conquers parts of Europe, Asia, & Africa
Simplified taxation & govt., everyone wanted in
the army = education
Toleration: Christians & Jews (1 god & Holy Book)
Cultures (religion, art, architecture, language,
trade) spread
Safavid Empire
(Ancient Persia/Modern Iran)
• Shah Abbas I, Golden Age (time of
• Changed the army (based on loyalty – not
just a job)
• Punished corruption within the govt, also
brought foreigners to work in the govt.
• Religious toleration, which increased trade,
art, culture
Mughal Empire
(Modern India)
• Babur: brilliant general, formed Mughal Empire
• Akbar: means “Greatest One” a Liberal Ruler
(grandson of Babur)
• Had an extensive army & used it, religious freedom
• Abolished tax on Hindu pilgrims & non-Muslims
• Govt. run by different foreign officials
• Developed a style of architecture
* Both Safavid and Ottoman declined (poor
• Tolerant, most empires allowed
practicing of their own religion
• Few had to pay taxed because of
religious beliefs
• Suleyman created a law code to
handle both criminal & civil actions
• Calligraphy: beautiful handwriting
• Architecture was the greatest way
to show blending of cultures
• Each empire was tolerant which
encourage foreigners to travel &
bring new ideas of culture with
What do the Ottomans, Safavid,
and Mughal empires have in
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