Unit IX - Late Middle Ages

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Unit IX - The Late Middle
Ages
Europe From 1100 – 1500, The
Battle Between Church and State
Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved
1. Europe in the Late Middle Ages
2. Growth of Royal Power in
England

A. Who was Duke William and what did he do in
1066?
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B. Why did he do it?
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C. Did he give up control of his old lands?
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D. How did this impact the relationship between
the nobles in England and nobles in France?
3. The Strengthening of Finances
and the Law in England
A. King Henry II 1054
 1. The Exchequer
 2. common law
 3. grand jury
 4. trial jury
 5. traveling justices
 6. trial of church officials
 7. attack on Thomas
Beckett
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B. King John
1. war loss - Philip II of
France
2.
excommunicated/interdict
by Innocent III
3. forced to sign Magna
Carta with nobles
- rights of nobles
- monarch must obey the
law
- growth - Parliament
4. King John and the Magna Carta
5. Video
6. Royal Power in France

A. Who was Hugh Capet?

B. What were the accomplishments of Philip
Augustus?

C. How was Louis IX a model king?

D. How was the French Estates General different
from the English Parliament?
6. The Conflict Between The Holy
Roman Empire and the Church

A. Pope Gregory VII wanted to make
church independent of secular rulers –
especially in appointments (lay investiture)

B. The argument between Gregory and
Henry IV (HRE)

C. The Concordat of Worms (1122)
7. Pope Innocent III
8. Henry IV – Holy Roman Emperor
8. Conflict Continued (Pope and HRE)

D. Frederick II
E. Why did German nobles grow very
independent of their Holy Roman
Emperors?
 1. Frederick II ruled from Sicily
 2. The Pope undermined rulers authority
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10. Important Terms and People

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A. William. Duke of
Normandy
B. Domesday Book
C. common law
D. jury
E. lay investiture
F. battle between
Henry II and Church
G. The Magna Carta
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H. Parliament
I. Estates General
J. Philip II of France
K. Holy Roman
Empire
L. Henry IV v.
Gregory VII
M. Concordat of
Worms
N. papal supremacy
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