# Managerial Economics & Business Strategy

```Managerial Economics &amp;
Chapter 8
Managing in Competitive, Monopolistic,
and Monopolistically Competitive
Markets
• None, unless the
source of monopoly
power is eliminated.
Why Government Dislikes
Monopoly?
• P &gt; MC

Too little output, at too high a price.
\$
MC
of Monopoly
ATC
PM
D
MC
QM
MR
Q
Arguments for Monopoly
• The beneficial effects of economies of scale,
economies of scope, and cost complementarities on
price and output may outweigh the negative effects
of market power.
• Encourages innovation.
Can we do it??
• Number 4
• You are the manager of a monopoly, and your
demand and cost functions are give by P=200-2Q
and C(Q)=2000+3Q2, respectively.






What price-quantity combination maximizes your firm’s profits?
Calculate the maximum profits
Is demand elastic, inelastic, or unit elastic at the profitmaximizing price and quantity?
What price-quantity combination maximizes revenue?
Calculate the maximum revenues
Is demand elastic, inelastic, or unit elastic at the revenuemaximizing price-quantity combination?
Monopoly Multi-Plant Decisions
• Consider a monopoly that produces identical
output at two production facilities (think of a firm
that generates and distributes electricity from two
facilities).


Let C1(Q2) be the production cost at facility 1.
Let C2(Q2) be the production cost at facility 2.
• Decision Rule: Produce output where
MR(Q) = MC1(Q1) and MR(Q) = MC2(Q2)

Set price equal to P(Q), where Q = Q1 + Q2.
Managing a Monopolistic Firm
Monopolistic Competition:
Environment and Implications
• Differentiated products

Implication: Since products are differentiated, each firm
faces a downward sloping demand curve.
• Consumers view differentiated products as close
substitutes: there exists some willingness to substitute.
• Free entry and exit

Implication: Firms will earn zero profits in the long run
IF they don’t differentiate their products enough
Can “we” change our market
power???


Tell you how we are different
If successful
• No substitutes  in your mind

If not successful
• Free entry will reduce profits
• Keeps going and going and going

Energizer Batteries
• We bring good things to life

GE
• M’m! M’m! Good

Campbell’s Soup
• Once you pop the fun doesn’t stop

Pringles
• Tastes Great. Less Filling

Miller Lite
• WASSSSSUP?

Budweiser
• Celebrate the Moments of your life

General Foods International Coffee

Sprite
• I’m a pepper, you’re a pepper, …, wouldn’t you like to be
a pepper too?

Dr. Pepper
• Gotta have my pops

Corn Pops
• Snap, Crackle, and Pop

Rice Krispies
• I’m lovin’ it

McDonalds
• So….does it work???
```