Encounters in East Asia Chapter 14 Section 4 European Contact With Ming China • 1514 the Portuguese ships reach China • The Ming had no interest in Europe Ming Limit Trade • Portuguese wanted silks and porcelains • Europeans didn’t have anything good to offer them • Chinese only wanted gold or silver • Let the Europeans trade at Canton under supervision • At the end of the trading season they had to leave Seeking Converts • Portuguese missionaries came with the traders • Jesuits also came (Matteo Ricci) • Chinese wanted to learn about the Renaissance ?? • Why did Ming China demand that Europeans pay for goods with gold or silver? • European products were not as good as the Chinese so they only wanted gold and silver from them. The Manchu Conquest • Invaders from the N (Manchuria): went through the Great Wall • 1644 took Beijing and made it their capital Qing Dynasty • Confucian system of gov- Chinese liked • Each position had one Manchu and one Chinese person • Kangxi (1661-1722) • Extended Chinese power • Qianlong (1736-1796) • Expanded Chinese borders (largest in history) Spreading Peace and Prosperity • Economy expanded • New crops came from America (potatoes, corn) • Contributed to a population boom (more than doubled in 60 years) • Silk, cotton, and porcelain industries grew • Demand from the rest of the world Rejecting Contact With Europeans • Restricted foreign traders • 1793 Lord Macartney headed a British diplomatic mission (didn’t go well) • British products weren’t good • Wouldn’t bow to the emperor • Talked about the superiority of the English • Ignoring Westerners backfired on China who would need their technology ?? • How did the Qing respond to Britain’s diplomatic mission? • He rejected their negotiations. Korea: The “Hermit Kingdom” • Korea restricted contact with Europeans as well • Confucian ideas had merchants at the bottom of society so looked down on • 1590s invaded by Japan • 1636 invaded by Manchus • Isolationism • Europeans who came there were captured or killed ?? • Why did Korea become a “hermit kingdom”? • Were invaded so much that they just wanted to be left alone and withdrew from the rest of the world. Foreign Traders in Japan • At first liked Westerners • Curious about Christianity • Tokugawa Shoguns didn’t like foreigners however • Kicked them out and killed converted Christians • Isolation • No large ships • Only a little trade at Nagasaki Harbor with the Dutch ?? • Why did the Tokugawas turn against the Europeans? • They saw them as threats to their independence. New Christians would have allegiance to the Pope instead of Japan.