Researching Your Presentation Chapter 8 Your Research Plan Successful speeches require supporting information. Supporting research. To information requires specific get the right information on your topic you need a Research Plan. Playing the Research Game – Research Plan 1. Analyze your audience – in picking a subject you must first consider the needs and expectations of those people who will be listening to you. -- Ask the following questions What do my listeners already know about my topic? How do I capture their interest? How formal should my language be? What should I avoid saying that might alienate my audience? What can I say to change the minds of people who might disagree with my positions? 2. Gather information – there are two ways to begin gathering information Rough Outline – if you already have knowledge of your subject you may want to create a rough outline so that you can specify your research. Reading – if you know very little or nothing at all about your topic, start by gathering information first so you can get an understanding of your topic first 3. Analyze and Evaluate the source – you need to determine whether the material you find is reliable. How to determine reliability Look at who wrote and published the material. Determine if the write is known or unknown and what they say about him/her. (look at book reviews) Look at where the information is coming from. Is it a well known source of valid information? Do you find similar information in multiple sources? 4. Analyze and Evaluate your Material – determine whether the gathered information will contribute to your speech. Be sure that the information you gathered targets your audience appropriately. Be sure that the information connect Make sure it supports your main points Thinking Critically World War III is about to take place. You are responsible for selecting and saving three books that you think would have a major impact on future generations. One must be a children’s book, one a book that significantly affected your life, and one a reference book. You have three minutes to explain why these three books would be an important contribution. Using the Library Research is a crucial step in writing You need to supplement your personal knowledge with solid research. With all that libraries have to offer it can be difficult to know where to begin and how to conduct a successful search for supporting material. To make it easier use and employ four shortcuts: Ask questions Call ahead Use the library system Print from home Shortcuts for using research time effectively 1. Ask questions Make certain to take advantage of a reference librarian’s knowledge. They can answer your questions and help you locate sources, which can save you hours of frustration. 2. Call Ahead A public library’s reference department can usually answer your questions over the phone. They may even find facts for you 3. Use the library system libraries have web sites that list all the books within their library system 4. Print from Home Most This could help you save time in seeing if you book is there. it is not ask about interlibrary loan Most of the web sites you can access at the library to search for articles can also be accessed right from your home. Such sites not only allow you to search for journal and magazine articles, but they also allow you to print them. This can save you a trip to the library and give you access to library materials 24 hours a day If The internet and Research When you use the internet virtually any topic imaginable is at your fingertips. Because there is so much information finding what you needs is not always easy – so use a search engine. A search engine is a site that allows you to search for information based on key words, names of persons, or titles of works. (google, bing, ask,) Search Engine tips Use specific key words and try different combinations Use Advanced Search or Search Tips Some engines list sites by popularity: the site at the top is the one viewed the most When doing research it’s best to stick with news sites Evaluate the web site Criteria for evaluating Web Pages Evaluation of Web Documents How to Interpret the Basics 1. Accuracy of Web Documents • Who wrote the page and can you contact him or her? • What is the purpose of the document and why was it produced? • Is this person qualified to write this document? Accuracy • Make sure author provides an e-mail address or a contact address/phone number • Know the distinction between author and person who maintains t he website. 2. Authority of Web Documents • Who published the document and is it separate from the person who maintains the Web site? • Check the domain of the document. What institution publishes this document? Authority • What credentials re listed for the author(s)? • Where is the document published? Check URL domain. Taking Notes Whenever you investigate a written source of information or interview an expert you should take notes A rule of thumb is to record more notes then you think you will need. However, select the information that is the most important, that supports your point or argument, and that will interest your audience. The best way to organize this information is to create source cards and note cards (just like in English Class) Create Source Cards As soon as you find a source that you may want to use for your paper make a Source Card immediately. The most common source cards for this type of paper are: • Books • Internet • Anthology • Encyclopedia How to create Source Cards 1.Get index cards 2.In the upper right hand corner number your index cards 1-10 3.Determine what kind of source you have (encyclopedia, internet, book, etc) 4.Follow the example cards below all the way down to the punctuation. Note: for internet sources you may not have an author or date, if you do not just move on to the next thing. Internet Site with a print version (always print from site – do not copy and paste) Note: all dates for internet sites need to be written – day Month(spelled out) ye Note: all websites must be written completely Encyclopedia Article Anthology Book with one author Create Note Cards In order to get ready to create note cards you have to complete the following items. Print or copy all sources (print directly from internet sites do not copy and paste, photocopy pages from books) Have source cards already done and correct How to create a Note Card 1. Get new index cards 2. Get a piece of information you want to use for your paper from one of sources 3. Get the source card that goes along with that source 4. Then write you note card like the diagram below.