Sentence Structure Vocabulary Scavenger Hunt Using the green Elements of Language textbook, find the following terms. Write the definition in your own words and create an example: Phrase Independent clause Dependent (subordinate) clause Simple sentence Compound sentence Complex sentence Phrases and Clauses - Definitions Phrase: has meaning, but no subject or verb Independent Clause: has a complete thought, a subject, and a verb Dependent Clause: no complete thought, but does have a subject and verb Independent clauses (or sentences) are what allow us to express complete thoughts. Phrases and dependent clauses help to add detail to these thoughts. The humans were about to be attacked by an enemy army when an advisor from another planet appeared with a plan. Phrases and Clauses Practice with the gray stripes Phrase at the space station Phrase to visit us soon Phrase if the helmet is too big Dependent clause that NASA recommended Dependent clause The alien crashed the spaceship. Independent clause before the end Phrase He was able to spot intruders. Independent clause which was the species found Dependent clause Kinds of Sentence Structures Simple sentence: A simple sentence is an independent clause. Complex sentence: A complex sentence has an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Compound sentence: Two or more independent clauses joined with a comma and a coordinating conjunction or a semicolon. The different types of sentences help us to express ideas in a variety of ways and for a variety of reasons. Kinds of Sentence Structures - Practice The planet Earth, which is in the Milky Way Galaxy, is the home of the human species. The Martians felt anxious, but they still completed their mission. Luke saw the stars. If you had a choice, would you rather visit Saturn or Jupiter? The guide led us through the astronomy museum; she explained the difference between comets and asteroids. Stephen Hawking became famous after he wrote a paper about black holes. Jules Verne is the author of the book 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. Sentence Discussion Function of the phrases and clauses: Cause/effect Problem/solution Comparison/contrast Sequence Location Time Details, descriptions Function of the different types of sentences: Simple: Be very clear Make a point with impact Complex/Compound More description Emphasize point with details Sentence Discussion When they boarded the Nexus 2053, they chose not to sit together. The girl stared blankly out the window at the crumbling planet; the boy stared blankly down the row at other passengers. They were quiet. Discuss what kind of sentence structure is shown in each of the above sentences. Determine the function of each phrase and clause. Practice In the green Elements of Language textbook, complete the following exercises. Be sure to follow ALL the directions. Phrases: p. 402, Exercise 1(#1-10) Clauses: p. 425, Exercise 1 (#1-10) Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences P. 446, Review A (#1-10) Choose one of the following activities: Science Fiction Story: Write a short science fiction story using two of each type of sentence structure. (at least six sentences) Label the sentence types, underline the independent clauses, double underline the dependent clauses, and circle phrases. Number each sentence. For each sentence, explain your purpose for each sentence choice. Model Text Using your science fiction AR novel, find two examples of each type of sentence structure. (at least six sentences) Label the sentence types, underline the independent clauses, double underline the dependent clauses, and circle phrases. Number each sentence. For each sentence, explain your purpose for each sentence choice.