Criminal Justice 2011

Chapter 8 Management of Informants and Undercover Operations

Criminal Investigation The Art and the Science

by Michael D. Lyman Copyright 2011

CHAPTER SUMMARY 8.1 Describe the types of people used as informants.

8.2 Identify various areas of concern in the use of informants.

8.3 Understand the various motivations of informants.

8.4 Document and process an informant properly.

8.5 Maintain control of an informant during an investigation.

8.6 Protect an informant’s identity.

8.7 Understand the problems most commonly associated with the use of informants.

8.8 Understand the usefulness of undercover investigations.

Learning Objectives

After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcome

8.1

Describe the types of people used as informants.

8.1

Types of Informants Police officers

Informants

Learning Objectives

After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcome

8.2

Identify various areas of concern in the use of informants.

8.2

Informant Issues

First, informants are often difficult to control.

8.2

Informant Issues

Second, an informant can become a source of public embarrassment for the law enforcement agency.

8.2

Informant Issues

A third area of concern is the informant’s questionable credibility in court.

Learning Objectives

After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcome

8.3

Understand the various motivations of informants.

8.3

Informant Motivation

The fearful informant.

8.3

Informant Motivation

The financially motivated informant. “Mercenary” informants give information

in exchange for a fee.

8.3

Informant Motivation

The revengeful informant.

8.3

Informant Motivation

The egotistical informant.

8.3

Informant Motivation

The perversely motivated informant.

Learning Objectives

After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcome

8.4

Document and process an informant properly.

8.4

Using Informants Report observations Introduce undercover Officers Report on “inside” information

8.4

Informant Reliability Flow Chart

Step One: Interview Step Two: Verify facts Step Three: Controlled buy Step Four: Search warrant

Learning Objectives

After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcome

8.5

Maintain control of an informant during an investigation.

8.5

Managing Informants

Learning Objectives

After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcome

8.6

Protect an informant’s identity.

8.6

Type of Informants

Anonymous

vs.

Confidential

8.6

Informant Motivation Review… Why do they do it?

Trying to stay out of prison Getting paid (mercenary) Good citizen Revenge, ego, or other personal motives

Learning Objectives

After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcome

8.7

Understand the problems most commonly associated with the use of informants.

8.7

Informant Problems

Investigators becoming too friendly with informants.

8.7

Informant Problems

Informants of the opposite sex

8.7

Informant Problems

Crimes committed by the informant.

8.7

Informant Problems

Officers who “own” their informants

8.7

Why Use informants

Prosecution

vs.

Unfettered Crime

Learning Objectives

After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Outcome

8.8

Understand the usefulness of undercover investigations.

8.8

Undercover Operations Defined as assuming a fictitious identity and associating with criminals for the purpose of collecting information or evidence on criminal activity.

8.8

Undercover Operations Undercover work and surveillance are viable options for police investigators because they provide considerable information

8.8

Undercover Operations Typically, undercover work has been associated with drug enforcement, but it is a tool that can be useful in the investigation of a number of criminal activities.

8.8

The Process….

UC

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8.8

The Process

Step 1: Select the Target Step 2: Data Collection Step 3: Develop a cover story Step 4: Introduction and infiltration

CHAPTER SUMMARY 8.1 Describe the types of people used as informants.

8.2 Identify various areas of concern in the use of informants.

8.3 Understand the various motivations of informants.

8.4 Document and process an informant properly.

8.5 Maintain control of an informant during an investigation.

8.6 Protect an informant’s identity.

8.7 Understand the problems most commonly associated with the use of informants.

8.8 Understand the usefulness of undercover investigations.